14：英検対策2級（Eiken Grade 2）
10: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 10
Part 1: Vocabulary words
a choice between two or more possibilities; one of the things, one of the propositions, one of the courses of action which you can choose from
■Example: You have the alternative of taking the plane or going on a ship.
□Note: ‘Alternative’ can also be an adjective which means allowing or affording a choice of two or more things. An example of which is “Let’s take the alternative route because that route is already congested.”
2. Unique adjective [yoo-neek]
one of a kind; without equal or incomparable; without alternative possibilities; not typical
■Example: She has a very unique way of dealing with people.
□Note: What are some of your unique characteristics?
3. General adjective [jen-er-uhl]
pertaining to and affecting all persons or things; common to most; characteristic of the majority involved; prevalent
■Example: A general meeting of all the freshmen students will be held tomorrow.
not restricted to one class, field, product, service, etc.
■Example: The Da Vinci exhibition is open to the general public.
□Note: ‘General’ can also be a noun which means an officer ranking above a lieutenant general but below a general of the army or air force.
4. Harmful adjective [hahrm-fuhl]
having the tendency to cause harm or injury
■Example: Strong heat from the sun is harmful to our skin.
□Note: Think of some things that can be harmful to children.
5. Huge adjective [hyooj or, often, yooj]
extraordinarily and unusually great or large in size, extent or quantity; limitless
■Example: That box is so huge that it took five people to carry it.
■Example: No doubt that our professor has a huge amount of scientific knowledge.
□Note: What’s the opposite of huge?
6. Ordinary adjective [awr-dn-er-ee]
having no special qualities or interests; usual and common; average; normal
■Example: She lost the gymnastics competition because her moves were ordinary. She didn’t show any spectacular skills.
□Note: This word can also be a noun which means the average condition or degree or something regular or usual: He impressed the crowd with some techniques that are more than the ordinary.
7. Serious adjective [seer-ee-uhs]
characterized by a grave quality or manner; having a deep or somber character or manner; sincere
■Example: He gave the situation very serious thought before making his decision.
□Note: Serious can also mean dangerous, severe, or life-threatening such as ‘a serious injury’.
8. Various adjective [vair-ee-uhs]
of different or diverse kinds; having many different qualities or aspects
■Example: Various studies have already been done to discover a cure for cancer.
□Note: As a pronoun, ‘various’ is usually followed by ‘of’. I have worked with various of them.
9. Current adjective [kur-uhnt, kuhr-]
belonging to the present time actually passing; now in progress; prevalent at the present time; popular; most recent; known by the public or reported publicly
■Example: The current economic situation of the United States of America is pretty bad.
■Example: The current fad diet is becoming more and more popular among Hollywood actresses.
□Note: Flowing, just like of a river, is also called a current.
10. Modern adjective [mod-ern]
of or relating to the present or recent time
■Example: Even people from ethnic groups already wear modern clothes.
□Note: What’s the most modern gadget that you have?
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_________________ 1. of different or diverse kinds; having many different qualities or aspects
_________________ 2. pertaining to and affecting all persons or things; common to most; characteristic of the majority involved; prevalent
_________________ 3. one of a kind; without equal or incomparable; without alternative possibilities; not typical
_________________ 4. belonging to the present time actually passing; now in progress; prevalent at the present time; popular; most recent; known by the public or reported publicly
_________________ 5. having no special qualities or interests; usual and common; average; normal
_________________ 6. extraordinarily and unusually great or large in size, extent or quantity; limitless
_________________ 7. of or relating to the present or recent time
_________________ 8. a choice between two or more possibilities; one of the things, one of the propositions, one of the courses of action which you can choose from
_________________ 9. having the tendency to cause harm or injury
_________________ 10. characterized by a grave quality or manner; having a deep or somber character or manner; sincere
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. It was just a minor accident so he didn’t suffer any ___________ wounds or injuries.
2. It’s rare to see the elderly people dancing a __________ dance. I think they could even compete against the teenage dancers.
3. Make sure to keep _______________ chemicals away from children’s reach. These chemicals could even be lethal.
4. Why did you buy such an expensive bag? It looks so ___________. It’s just the same as the other bags you would see in cheap shopping malls.
5. We put _____________ kinds of candies and toys in the kids’ loot bags. They were so happy to bring home different keepsakes from the party.