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14:英検対策2級(Eiken Grade 2)

11: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 11

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Unlikely adjective [uhn-lahyk-lee]
not likely to happen or occur; not promising; improbable
Example: It is unlikely that the president would mingle with the impoverished people.
Note: Give me a thing that is unlikely for you to do.

2. Though conjunction [thoh]
although; in spite of the fact; despite the fact that
Example: Though he did his best to prepare for the exam, he still didn’t make it.
adverb
nevertheless; however
Example: He totally hates spicy dishes; he still ate it, though.
Note: ‘Though’, as a conjunction, can replace ‘although’.

3. Unless conjunction [uhn-les, uhn-]
except in the condition that or under the circumstances that
Example: I’ll be able to meet the deadline, unless there is another technical problem.
Note: Rarely, this word can also be used as a ‘preposition’ which means except or but. For example; Nothing else can help, unless euthanasia.

4. Throughout preposition [throo-out]
in, to, through, during or every part of, all through, everywhere in
Example: They have looked throughout the area, but still, they weren’t able to find the lost child.
Adverb
in every single part; during the entire moment or time
Example: He was very serious all throughout the practical examination.
Note: Have you ever kept quiet all throughout the day?

5. Always adverb [awl-weyz, -weez]
at all times and occasions; at any time or in any event; continuously; forever
Example: He always visits his grandmother even though he’s always busy at work.
Example: You can always depend on me.
Example: The sun will always shine.
Note: Do you always give your best in everything that you do?

6. Actually adverb [ak-choo-uh-lee]
actual fact; in reality; really
Example: He has always portrayed the role of a protagonist, but actually, he has a very bad and mean personality.
Note: ‘Actually’ can also be used to express surprise or wonder: He actually did it!!!

7. Exactly adverb [ig-zakt-lee]
in an exact, precise or accurate manner; in all and every respect
Example: He painted the Mona Lisa exactly how Da Vinci did it.
Example: Act exactly as you please.
Note: ‘Exactly’ can also be used to indicate or express agreement.

8. Moreover adverb [mawr-oh-ve]
beyond what has been said; besides; in addition; to add
Example: Michael Phelps has won his 22nd Olympic medal. Moreover, he was regarded as the greatest swimmer of all time.
Note: This word is used as a sentence connector.

9. Usually adjective [yoo-zhoo-uhl, yoozh-wuhl]
habitually or customarily; ordinarily; at most times or under normal conditions
Example: She’s usually early for work, but today she’s late.
Note: ‘Usual’ is the adjective form of ‘usually’.
What do you usually do in the morning?

10. Instead adverb [in-sted]
substitute or in replacement of someone or something earlier mentioned; as an alternative
Example: The vice-president attended the ASEAN meeting instead of the president because he was terminally ill.
Example: You can use cornstarch instead of flour for covering the chicken.
Note: Instead of studying, what would you rather do?

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■unlikely ■though ■always ■actually ■unless
■exactly ■throughout ■moreover ■instead ■usually


_________________ 1. habitually or customarily; ordinarily; at most times or under normal conditions
_________________ 2. in an exact, precise or accurate manner; in all and every respect
_________________ 3. except in the condition that or under the circumstances that
_________________ 4. beyond what has been said; besides; in addition; to add
_________________ 5. in, to, through, during or every part of, all through, everywhere in
_________________ 6. at all times and occasions; at any time or in any event; continuously; forever
_________________ 7. substitute or in replacement of someone or something earlier mentioned; as an
alternative
_________________ 8. although; in spite of the fact; despite the fact that
_________________ 9. actual fact; in reality; really
_________________ 10. not likely to happen or occur; not promising; improbable

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. ___________ everyone was against him, he was still able to prove the he deserves to be in the highest position.

a. though
b. usually
c. unlikely
d. unless

2. He ___________ makes sure that he finishes his tasks before leaving the office. He has never had even a single pending work.

a. always
b. exactly
c. sometimes
d. rarely

3. He has consistently performed well ____________ the year.

a. within
b. by
c. throughout
d. though

4. He is firm about this decision that he will not quit his job, _______________ his wife and family would tell him to do so.

a. unlikely
b. instead
c. unless
d. however

5. Even though he doesn’t brag about it, everybody knows that he is _____________ the best performing employee in their department.

a. actually
b. probably
c. perhaps
d. possibly