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14:英検対策2級(Eiken Grade 2)

12: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 12

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Completely adverb [kuhm-pleet]
to the fullest or to a complete degree or extent
Example: He has completely forgotten everything he learned about Chemistry.
to complete with everything necessary
Example: Please completely fill out the application form.
Note: Other words for completely are total and entirely.

2. Nevertheless adverb [nev-er-thuh-les]
however; in spite of that; nonetheless
Example: She’s handicapped, nevertheless she's so talented and skillful.
Note: Other words for ‘nevertheless’ are all the same, even so and notwithstanding.

3. Properly adverb [prop-er-lee]
in the right or correct way or manner
Example: Do your job properly to avoid wasting time on double work.
Note: This word also means ‘thoroughly’: Wash your clothes properly.

4. Especially adverb [ih-spesh-uh-lee]
with special emphasis to an extent or degree; exceptionally; in particular
Example: Maintain good health for yourself, especially for your family.
Note: This word should not be confused with ‘specially’ because ‘specially’ means in a special manner.

5. Eventually adverb [ih-ven-choo-uh-lee]
at some later or unspecified time in the future; at the end; finally
Example: Eventually, all your dreams will come true. Just be patient.
Note: It can also mean after a long time or after a long delay. Everybody has been waiting for him to start speaking. Eventually, he did so.

6. Absorb verb [ab-sawrb, -zawrb]
to take in through or to suck up
Example: Use the sponge to absorb the spilled milk.
to incorporate or to take in the identity or individuality of something or someone
Example: Our department was absorbed by a bigger department.
to be fully engaged or to involve full attention
Example: She was so absorbed in the book that she’s reading that she didn’t notice her mom calling her.
Note: What are some things that can be absorbed?

7. Adapt verb [uh-dapt]
adjust or modify to make something suitable to conditions , requirements, or situations
Example: I still need to adapt to my new workplace.
Note: Is it easy for you to adapt to changes in your environment?

8. Adjust verb [uh-juhst]
to make changes to something for it to fit, to correspond, to conform or to match
Example: After getting married, Neil and Kate had to adjust a lot of things for them to have a good relationship.
to adapt or to become adapted ■Example: Ron had some problems adjusting to the new policies.
Note: What are some adjustments that one has to make once he steps in to college?

9. Adopt verb [uh-dopt]
to take as or make one’s own by choice or assent
Example: Since Michael Jackson is his idol, he adopted ‘MJ’ as his nickname.
to legally take and rear a child into one’s family
Example: Since they don’t have children of their own, they’re considering adopting a child from Uganda.
Note: We say a child is adopted and they are his adoptive parents, family or home.

10. Afford verb [uh-fawrd, uh-fohrd]
to have the financial means to pay for or buy something
Example: We can’t question his luxurious lifestyle. He can afford it anyway.
to manage or bear without any risks or unfortunate effects
Example: We can’t afford to have another natural calamity in our country.
to give up or spare
Example: Due to his very busy schedule, he can’t afford even a few minutes for a short nap.
Note: This word’s adjective form is affordable, which means something that’s within one’s financial means.

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■completely ■eventually ■nevertheless ■absorb ■properly
■especially ■adapt ■adjust ■afford ■adopt


_________________ 1. to have the financial means to pay for or buy something
_________________ 2. adjust or modify to make something suitable to conditions , requirements, or situations
_________________ 3. to take in through or to suck up
_________________ 4. with special emphasis to an extent or degree; exceptionally; in particular
_________________ 5. in the right or correct way or manner
_________________ 6. to legally take and rear a child into one’s family
_________________ 7. however; in spite of that; nonetheless
_________________ 8. to make changes to something for it to fit, to correspond, to conform or to match
_________________ 9. to the fullest or to a complete degree or extent
_________________ 10. at some later or unspecified time in the future; at the end; finally

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Animals have very good means of _____________ to their environment.

a. adopting
b. adapting
c. implementing
d. assuming

2. Perhaps _________ China’s one-child policy could solve over-population in the Philippines.

a. adapting
b. familiarizing
c. adopting
d. adjusting

3. He was terribly sorry for the mistakes he made. _____________, he didn’t apologize to anyone.

a. eventually
b. nevertheless
c. completely
d. especially

4. He was reprimanded by his boss many times for not doing his job ____________ because he caused a lot of trouble for everyone in their team.

a. politely
b. untruthfully
c. falsely
d. properly

5. Everyone was enraged, ___________ her mother, when they found out that she took all her parents’ money away when she left home.

a. especially
b. precisely
c. definitely
d. specially