14：英検対策2級（Eiken Grade 2）
14: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 14
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to come to sight or into existence; to make something visible
■Example: Surprisingly, after much refusal, the suspect’s mother appeared at the court.
to seem or look to be or have the appearance
■Example: Even though he didn’t finish college, he still appears dignified in front of the interviewers.
□Note: Which do you prefer, something that’s expensive and looks really good or something that’s secondhand and cheap but still appears fine?
2. Emphasize verb [em-fuh-sahyz]
to give stress, emphasis or prominence
■Example: Before the start of the second half, their coach emphasized the importance of having team spirit, which perhaps made them grab this big win.
□Note: Usually, what do your parents emphasize whenever they share some values?
3. Calculate verb [kal-kyuh-leyt]
to compute by mathematical methods
■Example: My son started calculating big numbers at the age of 6.
to estimate or to evaluate; to gauge
■Example: A boxer should calculate his opponent’s strengths for him to know what his moves should be.
□Note: Can you calculate one’s abilities just by looking at him or her?
4. Decline verb [dih-klahyn]
to deny or refuse politely
■Example: He declined the party’s offer to make him their leader.
□Note: To ‘decline’ also means to cause to incline downward.
5. Preserve verb [pri-zurv]
to maintain in existence; to keep in good or perfect or unchanged condition
■Example: Everyone is asked to preserve the gift and beauty of Mother Nature.
to keep or retain possession of
■Example: You have to preserve your sanity even under much pressure.
□Note: What can you do to preserve the beauty of your environment?
6. Promise noun [prom-is]
an assurance that someone will or will not do something; an indication of what is to be expected
■Example: If only politicians could keep all their promises, this world would be a much better place. an indication of excellence or achievement in the future
■Example: She’s a rising star with great promise.
to commit oneself into doing or giving something; to make a promise; to make a promise of something to a person
■Example: I promised I would help my friend find a job.
■Example: Promise me you won’t tell anyone about it.
□Note: Have you ever made a promise that you didn’t keep?
7. Replace verb [ri-pleys]
to put back into a former role or to assume a former position or place; substitute
■Example: Motorcycles have replaced most cars in the Philippines due to their lower gas consumption.
to take the place of
■Example: His son replaced him as the CEO of the company.
□Note: Do you think robots could replace human beings?
8. Supply verb [suh-plahy]
to provide what is lacking or to make something available for use
■Example: We have closed a deal with MEGA Co. and they’ll be supplying us with raw materials for making furniture.
to furnish or equip with something
■Example: The hotel staff provides us with toiletries twice a day.
■Example: Nuclear power plants supply electricity to every Japanese house. to compensate or make up for, fill, or satisfy
■Example: Since they separated, my mother has supplied us with the things that our father can’t provide.
□Note: ‘Supplies’ can also be used as a noun which means something that is supplied or stock: We need to replenish our supplies.
9. Warn verb [wawrn]
to give an advance notice or advice of danger, possible harm, or anything that’s unfavorable; to give caution
■Example: We’ve already warned her that he’s a playboy, but she didn’t listen.
to urge someone to be careful
■Example: Everytime he joined a race, we would always warn him to be careful. □Note: ‘Warning’ is the noun form of ‘warn’.
10. Attract verb [uh-trakt]
to draw near or to cause to unite by a physical force
■Example: Negative and positive attraction
to arouse or stimulate interest, admiration and attention of
■Example: Her striking outfit attracted the attention of the crowd.
□Note: What characteristics attract you?
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_________________ 1. to estimate or to evaluate; to gauge
_________________ 2. to maintain in existence; to keep in good or perfect or unchanged condition
_________________ 3. to give an advance notice or advice of danger, possible harm, or anything that’s unfavorable; to give caution
_________________ 4. to come to sight or into existence; to make something visible
_________________ 5. to provide what is lacking or to make something available for use
_________________ 6. an assurance that someone will or will not do something; an indication of what is to be expected
_________________ 7. to deny or refuse politely
_________________ 8. to arouse or stimulate interest, admiration and attention of
_________________ 9. to give stress, emphasis or prominence
_________________ 10. to put back into a former role or to assume a former position or place; substitute
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Even though she didn’t want to, she had to ___________ the invitation from their boss for a special dinner tonight because she already has a prior commitment.
2. The president’s health is deteriorating so the vice-president has ___________ him in attending to the state’s affairs.
3. Secret agents often __________ the CIA with very important and confidential information.
4. Their target market is kids so they put colorful drawings on their ads to __________ them.
5. We need to work together to _____________ our culture for the future generation.