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14:英検対策2級(Eiken Grade 2)

08: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 8

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Temporary adjective [tem-puh-rer-ee]
lasting, existing, or effective for a limited time only
Example: This building will be a temporary shelter for the typhoon victims.
Note: This word can also be used as a noun which means a worker employed on a temporary basis.

2. Casual adjective [kazh-oo-uhl]
without any formality or ceremony; relaxed; without serious intention
Example:I attended a casual dinner with my colleagues.
something that happened by chance
Example:I didn’t expect that after such a long time, I would have a casual talk with him.
having little concern or interest
Example: Ronnie was so excited to show his new bike to his friend, but his friend just gave it a casual look.
Note: ‘Casual’ can also mean an occasional worker.

3. Primitive adjective [prim-i-tiv]
relating to or the first or earliest of the kind or in existence; uncivilized
Example: Nowadays, primitive ways of punishing people are considered barbaric.
primary; basic; simple and crude
Example: They lost the battle because of their primitive weapons.
Note: Tell me something about the primitive ways of your country.

4. Reliable adjective [ri-lahy-uh-buhl]
dependable; dependable in accuracy and honesty; achieving compatible results
Example: The data that we gathered are totally reliable.
Example: She’s one of the most reliable journalists in the industry.
Note: Who is the most reliable person you know?

5. Artificial adjective [ahr-tuh-fish-uhl]
produced by human skills; not natural; imitation
Example: We have an artificial fishpond in our garden.
with lots of affectation
Example: People were totally deceived by his artificial speech.
Note: What do you think of artificial flavorings?

6. Criminal noun [krim-uh-nl]
one who is guilty or convicted of a crime
Example: There are many criminals roaming around the streets.
adjective
involving crime or having the nature of crime
Example: His lawyer should really look into criminal law.
Note: Who are considered criminals?

7. Either adjective [ee-ther, ahy-ther]
any one of the two; one or the other of two
Example: You may join either team.
pertaining to one and the other
Example: There are flags on either side of the wall.
pronoun
can be one or the other
Example: Take your pick. Either of the shirts will surely suit me.
Note: As a conjunction, ‘either‘ should be used before the first of two or more coordinates as in: Either you confess now or be guilty forever.

8. Rural adjective [roor-uhl]
having the characteristics of the country, country life or country people
Example: I miss the rural life: peaceful, quiet and slow.
Note: The opposite of ‘rural’ is ‘urban’.

9. Second-hand adjective [sek-uhnd-hand]
known from books or obtained from others; indirectly experienced; borrowed or derived from another
Example: Most of the things we know are second-hand
previously owned or used by someone else
Example: I usually buy second-hand books because they are a lot cheaper.
Note: This word can also be used as an adverb. Some examples are: We got our car secondhand. We heard the big news secondhand.

10. Typical adjective [tip-i-kuhl]
having the qualities or characteristics that represent a category, class , group, or kind
Example: Her way of dressing up is very typical of that of the elites.
Note: What are some typical characteristics that teenagers have?

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■temporary ■reliable ■casual ■artificial ■criminal
■primitive ■either ■secondhand ■rural ■typical


_________________ 1. known from books or obtained from others; indirectly experienced; borrowed or derived from another
_________________ 2. one who is guilty or convicted of a crime
_________________ 3. without any formality or ceremony; relaxed; without serious intention
_________________ 4. having the qualities or characteristics that represent a category, class , group, or kind
_________________ 5. any one of the two; one or the other of two
_________________ 6. dependable; dependable in accuracy and honesty; achieving compatible results
_________________ 7. produced by human skills; not natural; imitation
_________________ 8. having the characteristics of the country, country life or country people
_________________ 9. lasting, existing, or effective for a limited time only
_________________ 10. relating to or the first or earliest of the kind or in existence; uncivilized

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Nothing in this world lasts forever. Everything is __________.

a. artificial
b. temporary
c. permanent
d. everlasting

2. This survey is completely_________. All areas showed the same results.

a. typical
b. reliable
c. undependable
d. inconsistent

3. Some scientists are already working on ____________ brain. They have already made an almost exact copy of a rat’s brain.

a. a natural
b. a plastic
c. an artificial
d. a model

4. Demi was so happy to have bought a ______________ car, because even though it’s already used, she doesn’t have any problems with it.

a. secondhand
b. artificial
c. top of the line
d. luxurious

5. Even though a big part of the town is already civilized, some communities were still able to preserve their _____________ ceremonies and rituals.

a. contemporary
b. primitive
c. modern
d. embryonic