難易度:上級

14:英検対策2級(Eiken Grade 2)

09: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 9

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Common adjective [kom-uhn]
belonging equally to or equally shared by two or more; relating to the public or pertaining to the entire community; widespread, general or ordinary
Example: Almost all the people in our community share a common passion for teaching.
Note: What are the things that you and your friends have in common?

2. Effective adjective [ih-fek-tiv]
producing the expected or intended outcome
Example: The new policy is effective in maintaining orderliness at school.
in effect or in operation
Example: The new law will be effective on August 4th.
giving a striking impression
Example: That was indeed an effective painting.
Note: Give an effective way of remembering new words.

3. Certain adjective [sur-tn]
definite and free from doubt; assured to happen; established truth
Example: We are certain that he will win.
Note: ‘For certain’ is used in sentences as an adverb. ”He will join that political party for certain.”

4. Material noun [muh-teer-ee-uhl]
the substance or substances that is/are used to make something; a raw matter to be used to make something
Example: We now have to order the materials that will be used in constructing the building.
a group of data, facts, ideas, etc., where an integrated work is based on
Example:Let’s start gathering the materials we need for this research work.
Note: What materials do you need in making an ‘origami’?

5. False adjective [fawls]
not true and contrary to the fact; coming from a mistaken idea; not genuine or real
Example: He was accused of giving a false statement.
Note: It can also be used as an adverb which means in a dishonest way: “Never speak false against anyone.”

6. Near adjective [neer]
close in position, time, space or degree; closely related by blood or association; intimate; short and direct
Example: We will visit all the near cities in one month.
Example: He’s a near relative.
Example: Let’s take the nearest route to the country.
adverb
almost; close or to a place not far away; within, to or at a short distance
Example: Go near the stage so you will have a closer look at their performance.
Note: It can also be a verb which means to move towards: Be careful! You’re nearing the edge of the stairs.

7. Poisonous adjective [poi-zuh-nuhs]
containing poison which is capable of harming or killing; harmful or destructive
Example: A snake’s bite can be poisonous.
Example: She’s known for spreading poisonous rumors about famous actors and actresses.
Note: Name some poisonous animals you know.

8. Similar adjective [sim-uh-ler]
alike in appearance or nature; having resemblances in characteristics or appearance
Example: The twin sisters don’t just look alike, but they also have similar personalities.
Note: What similar characteristics do you and your mother or father have?

9. Public adjective [puhb-lik]
concerning or affecting a population or a community as a whole
Example: The leader of the country should win public trust.
maintained for, used, done, made by the people or the community
Example: There was a newly built public park at the center of the town.
open to all persons
Example: The king’s palace was opened today for public viewing.
Note: It can also be used as a noun which pertains to people.

10. Accurate adjective [ak-yer-it]
without any errors; exactly consistent with the fact, standard, rule or model
Example: Make sure all the data are accurate.
Note: This word also means careful and meticulous just like in “He is an accurate interpreter.”

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■common ■effective ■false ■near ■certain
■material ■poisonous ■public ■similar ■accurate


_________________ 1. concerning or affecting a population or a community as a whole
_________________ 2. producing the expected or intended outcome
_________________ 3. alike in appearance or nature; having resemblances in characteristics or appearance
_________________ 4. the substance or substances that is/are used to make something; a raw matter to be used to make something
_________________ 5. without any errors; exactly consistent with the fact, standard, rule or model
_________________ 6. definite and free from doubt; assured to happen; established truth
_________________ 7. close in position, time, space or degree; closely related by blood or association; intimate; short and direct
_________________ 8. containing poison which is capable of harming or killing; harmful or destructive
_________________ 9. belonging equally to or equally shared by two or more; relating to the public or pertaining to the entire community; widespread, general or ordinary
_________________ 10. not true and contrary to the fact; coming from a mistaken idea; not genuine or real

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1) In any kind of research, ___________ facts and information should be given to establish the validity of the study.

a. false
b. accurate
c. near
d. common

2) He was immediately brought to the hospital after a __________ spider bit him. They think its bite could be harmful, even deadly.

a. fierce
b. poisonous
c. violent
d. brutal

3) Even the non-performing students have improved a lot academically because of her _________ teaching methods.

a. accurate
b. certain
c. effective
d. common

4) The __________ that they used in building the house are all high-end. They actually imported their resources from abroad.

a. costs
b. materials
c. ingredients
d. chemicals

5) They share __________ interests so they never argue about the things they want to do. They actually shared a lot of experiences together.

a. clear
b. public
c. common
d. near