難易度:中級

13:英検対策3級(Eiken Grade 3)

01: Eiken Grade 3 Vocabularies Lesson 1

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. building noun [bil-ding]
a structure with roof and walls, enclosed construction over an area of land used for different kinds of activities such as for living, entertaining, manufacturing, etc.
Example: Sky Tree is the tallest building in Tokyo.
Note: The word ‘building’ is also the present continuous form of ‘build’. For example, “My father is one of the carpenters building my friend’s new house.”

2. college noun [kol-ij]
an institution of higher education that offers degree in liberal arts or science or both
Example: John is studying hard for his college entrance examination.
Note: What would you like to major in college?

3. daughter noun [daw-ter]
an offspring of parents who is female
Example: Jane is really beloved by her parents because she’s the only daughter they have.
Note: How many daughters do your parents have?

4. fair adjective [fair]
without bias, dishonesty and injustice; free from any kind of discrimination
Example: Parents should be fair in treating all their kids. They should treat them with equality and without any bias.
having a fresh and pure quality that gives a pleasing appearance; light in color or light complexion
Example: She looks like a goddess with her fair complexion and glowing skin.
Note: Another common use of the word ‘fair’ is a travelling show or gathering of producers to promote a business or an exhibition.

5. French noun [french]
People, language or characteristics of France, its citizens and its culture
Example: A lot of people want to learn the French language because of its beauty.
Note: The word ‘French’ can also be used as a verb that means to prepare food according to a French method. It also means to prepare the meat for cooking by slicing into strips and pounding it.

6. future noun [fyoo-cher]
time that is yet to come or the time to come hereafter; something that will exist or happen in the time to come
Example: Our future lies on the present.
adjective
referring to or related with the time to come
Example: He seems like he doesn’t have any future plans.
Note: What are your future plans?

7. government noun [guhv-ern-muhnt, ‐er-muhnt]
the process of governing or controlling inhabitants of communities; a governing system or body that has the power to rule over a state or community
Example: Our government is doing well in handling the crisis.
Note: This word is a collective noun.

8. hospital noun [hos-pi-tl]
an institution where people with illness or injury are treated
Example: I went to the hospital because of a stomachache.
Note: What can you see in a hospital?

9. instrument noun [in-struh-muhnt]
a tool used for delicate work; an apparatus for producing musical sounds
Example: I bought some surgical instruments for my Biology project.
Note: What musical instrument can you play?

10. jazz noun [jaz]
a kind of dance music that became popular in the 1920s that has elaborate rhythms; dancing or a dance performed to such music
Example: Jazz music is truly relaxing.
Note: It can also be used as a verb which means to play music in a manner of jazz or to dance to jazz music.

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■government ■French ■jazz ■daughter ■building
■fair ■college ■instrument ■future ■hospital


_________________ 1. a tool used for delicate work; an apparatus for producing musical sounds
_________________ 2. without bias, dishonesty and injustice; free from any kind of discrimination
_________________ 3. a structure with roof and walls, enclosed construction over an area of land used for different kinds of activities such as for living, entertaining, manufacturing, etc.
_________________ 4. a kind of dance music that became popular in the 1920s that has elaborate rhythms; dancing or a dance performed to such music
_________________ 5. an offspring of parents who is female
_________________ 6. the process of governing or controlling inhabitants of communities; a governing system or body that has the power to rule over a state or community
_________________ 7. an institution where people with illness or injury are treated
_________________ 8. People, language or characteristics of France, its citizens and its culture
_________________ 9. an institution of higher education that offers degrees in liberal arts or science or both
________________ 10. time that is yet to come or the time to come hereafter; something that will exist or happen in the time to come

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Tony is a _____________ student majoring in English.

a. college
b. hospital
c. future
d. high school

2. Diane can play many kinds of musical ____________.

a. buildings
b. instruments
c. utensils
d. machines

3. He’s still very young, but he already has a lot of plans for the _____________.

a. past
b. present
c. now
d. future

4. Our _____________ is doing its best for the development of our country’s economy.

a. government
b. daughter
c. hospital
d. group

5. Cities look good at night because of the lights in high-rise ___________.

a. fairs
b. buildings
c. ships
d. cars