難易度:中級

13:英検対策3級(Eiken Grade 3)

07: Eiken Grade 3 Vocabularies Lesson 7

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Favorite noun [fey-ver-it, feyv-rit]
a person or thing treated with special favor, liking or preference; popular with the public
sports: a competitor who is likely to win
Example: He is not so good but he still is the crowd’s favorite because of his charm.
adjective
regarded with special favor or liking
Example: Chocolate is my favorite ice cream flavor.
Note: What is your favorite food?

2. Sick adjective [sik]
with bad or ill health or disease; affected with some unpleasant feeling; mentally, morally or emotionally unsound
Example: She has been sick since her husband left her.
Note: Have you been sick lately?

3. Busy adjective [biz-ee]
actively and attentively engaged in action; not at rest or relaxation; full of activities
Example: I will be very busy this week.
Note: What keeps you busy everyday?

4. Late adjective [leyt]
coming or occurring after the usual, proper or expected time; near the end or at the end of the day; referring to the time just before the present moment
Example: I have to attend a late business meeting.
adverb
after the usual time or after delay or after the usual hour
Example: I arrived late to work today because of heavy traffic.
Note: Are you always late for school?

5. Most adjective [mohst]
to the greatest extent, number, amount, quantity, measure and degree (superlative)
Example: I’m sure she will get the most votes.
noun
the best, the utmost, the most exciting, the greatest amount or degree
Example: The most we can expect from him is an average score.
Note: ‘Most’ is also at times the shortened form of ‘almost’.

6. Beautiful adjective [byoo-tuh-fuhl]
possessing beauty or having qualities that are delightful to the senses or that gives great pleasure to the eyes, ears, to the senses, etc.
Example: She’s just so beautiful. She actually looks like a goddess.
interjection
fantastic; wonderful; incredible
Example: Beautiful! They won 2-0!
Note: ‘Beautiful’ can also be used as a noun which means the concept of beauty or pertaining to beautiful things or people collectively: the kind and the beautiful.

7. Close verb [klohz]
to move something so that there will be no opening or passage because it is covered or shut
Example: Please close your book.
adjective
near in space, surface or time; near in relationship; shut
Example: My cousins and I have always been so close to each other.
Note: Are you close to finishing the lesson?

8. Different adjective [dif-er-uhnt, dif-ruhnt]
having a different character or quality; not similar in amount, form, nature or quality
Example: All three judges gave different scores.
Note: Usually, different is followed by ‘from’: That tie is different from this tie.

9. Enough adjective [ih-nuhf]
adequate for the want or need or to satisfy a desire
Example: We have enough food for the week.
pronoun
a sufficient number or quantity
Example: We have enough and we should be thankful for it.
adverb
to a sufficient amount or degree; fully or quite
Example: She’s ready enough to take the exam.
Note: ‘Enough’ can also be an interjection which is an expression of impatience or exasperation: “Enough! You’re testing my patience!”

10. Sure adjective [shoor, shur]
free from doubt or dispute; confident of something expected; certain without question; reliable; stable
Example: She is sure of what she said.
That is a sure win.
Note: In informal speech, we use ‘sure’ and ‘surely’ as intensifying adverbs just like ‘undoubtedly’ or ‘certainly’.

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■favorite ■most ■sick ■busy ■beautiful
■late ■close ■sure ■different ■enough


_________________ 1. possessing beauty or having qualities that are delightful to the senses or that give great pleasure to the eyes, ear, to the senses, etc.
_________________ 2. coming or occurring after the usual, proper or expected time; near the end or at the end of the day; referring to the time just before the present moment
_________________ 3. having a different character or quality; not similar in amount, form, nature or quality
_________________ 4. a person or thing treated with special favor, liking or preference or popular with the public
_________________ 5. free from doubt or dispute; confident of something expected; certain without question; reliable; stable
_________________ 6. actively and attentively engaged in action; not at rest or relaxation; full of activities
_________________ 7. with bad or ill health or disease; affected with some unpleasant feeling; mentally, morally or emotionally unsound
_________________ 8. adequate for the want or need or to satisfy a desire
_________________ 9. to the greatest extent, number, amount, quantity, measure and degree (superlative)
_________________ 10. to move something so that there will be no opening or passage because it is covered or shut

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. She is so ______ about her abilities. She has no doubts that she will win.

a. enough
b. most
c. sure
d. good

2. All of us have __________ characteristics that make us all unique.

a. different
b. same
c. beautiful
d. most

3. She eats ice cream everyday. It’s her most _____________ food.

a. close
b. hated
c. favorite
d. delicious

4. Some parents don’t have _________ money to send their children to school.

a. enough
b. many
c. good
d. better

5. That’s __________ music playing. Perhaps it’s a Mozart’s symphony.

a. beautiful
b. handsome
c. charming
d. good-looking