16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
01: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 1
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to present a difficult or dangerous situation
■Example: Smoking poses a health risk.
□Note: What illegal activities pose a threat to the environment?
2. enforce verb (en-fawrs, -fohrs)
to make sure that a law or rule is obeyed by the people
■Example: Police officers enforce traffic laws by regulating pedestrians, motorists and other roadway users.
□Note: How strictly should managers enforce company policies?
3. ensure verb (en-shoor, -shur)
to make sure or certain
■Example: To ensure safety at home, keep all doors and windows locked and turn off appliances not in use.
□Note: How do you ensure the safety of your things inside the train?
4. encounter verb (en-koun-ter])
to meet suddenly or unexpectedly
■Example: I had a close encounter with death when I had an accident.
□Note: What would you do if you had an encounter with your favorite actor or actress in an elevator?
5. envision verb (en- vizh-en)
to picture in one’s mind especially a future happening
■Example: Astronomers envision life on another planet for humanity.
□Note: How do you envision yourself ten years from now?
6. emphasize verb (em-fa-sīz)
■Example: Media should emphasize truth in every news story that they report to the public.
□Note: What reminders did your parents emphasize to you when you were a child?
7. imply verb (im-plahy)
to convey an idea by indirect, subtle means, hint
■Example: His tone implied disapproval.
□Note: What does it imply when someone gives flowers or chocolates to another?
8. identify verb (ahy-den-tuh-fahy)
to establish or identify the identity of a person or a thing
■Example: The victim was able to identify the kidnappers right away.
□Note: SYNONYMS: distinguish, determine, know
9. confine verb (kon-fahyn)
to limit within the boundaries of or imprison
■Example: Patients with infectious diseases should be confined in rooms away from other patients to prevent the spread of infection.
□Note: Where do you confine your efforts everyday? (i.e. The author confined himself to finishing his book.)
10. grind verb (grahynd)
to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing, to sharpen
■Example: We need to grind beef for spaghetti.
□Note: When speaking of Japanese edged weapons, the term niku (肉 meat?) refers to the grind of the blade: an edge with more niku is steeper and therefore tougher, though it seems less sharp. Katana tends to have much more niku than wakizashi.
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_____________ 1. to establish or identify the identity of a person or a thing
_____________ 2. to meet suddenly or unexpectedly
_____________ 3. to make sure that a law or rule is obeyed by the people
_____________ 4. to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing, to sharpen
_____________ 5. to convey an idea by indirect, subtle means, hint
_____________ 6. to present a difficult or dangerous situation
_____________ 7. to make sure or certain
_____________ 8. to limit within the boundaries of or imprison
_____________ 9. to stress
_____________ 10. to picture in one’s mind especially a future happening
Part2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Based on studies that __________ Japan and the rest of the world as they will be 30 to 50 years from now, the Science Council of Japan has been carrying out studies on innovation from the viewpoint of science and technology.
2. In response to global concerns about the safety of Japanese products triggered by damage to the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, the Government of Japan has taken every possible measure to _______ that no contaminated farm product will be sold at home or abroad.
3. Most important values are still ___________ today in the Philippines, Japan and Korea that children, even adult ones, must respect and obey their parents, and in general.
4. Home-made rice flour is a very good substitute for wheat flour. It can be made from white or brown rice. A blender or a mixer that’s specially designed to crack grains can be used to ________ your preferred rice.
5. Melamine is a substance used in making durable plastics. However, concern has grown recently about whether the presence of melamine in plastic dinnerware could ______ a safety risk to our food.
6. In the constitution, police power is defined as the power to ______________ laws in order to protect the people and to maintain peace and order in the community. However, this power has imposed limitations in the sense that every proceeding should be done under due process.
7. Although sympathy for the people is clearly stated in his speech, hostility towards their president is strongly ___________ in his tone about his inefficient way of handling the nation’s affairs.
8. Being a country’s leader requires a great deal of experience, expertise and good judgment. He should not ___________ himself to what was already done. He should always seek for growth opportunities for his countrymen.
9. In order to come up with the best solution to a problem, one should clearly ___________ and scrutinize the factors that have contributed to it. Right after, in-depth research and study on how these factors can be eliminated or avoided should be completed.
10. Some ordeals and predicaments ___________ by an individual may sometimes seem impossible to conquer, but once conquered, they give him wiser discretion and judgment.