16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
14: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 14
Part 1: Vocabulary words
not clearly defined or determined; not precise or exact
■Example: There are an indefinite number of ways you can use that word in a sentence.
□Note: SYNONYMS:unspecified, indeterminate, imprecise, inexact, indistinct, confusing, vague, uncertain.
2. Coarse adjective [kawrs, kohrs]
composed of relatively large parts or particles
■Example: The beach hadrough, coarse sand.
□Note: Please give examples of things that are coarse
3. Grim adjective [grim] grim•mer, grim•mest.
stern, brutal, harsh or providing little hope
■Example: The judge's expression was grim as she passed the sentence on the defendant.
□Note: DERIVATIONS: grimly (adverb), grimness (noun)
4. Superfluous adjective [soo-pur-floo-uhs]
being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.
■Example: The superfluouswork had to be done even though we had already finished the project.
□Note: SYNONYMS: extra, redundant
5. Exclusive adjective [ik-skloo-siv, -ziv]
excluding all else, limited, belonging to a particular group or individual
■Example: He moved to an exclusive neighborhood in Hollywood.
□Note: Inclusive is the opposite or antonym of exclusive.
6. opportune adjective [op-er-toon, -tyoon]
occurring or coming at an appropriate time; well-timed: anopportune warning
■Example: Chris waited for the opportune moment to send Grace the bouquet of flowers.
□Note: Opportune is also good timing for something.
7. perpetual adjective [per-pech-oo-uhl]
continuing or enduring forever; everlasting
■Example: Selfishness is a perpetual problem of the human race.
□Note: What is your perpetual motivation?
8. Proficient adjective [pruh-fish-uhnt]
well-advanced or competent in any art, science, or subject;skilled
■Example: In predominant frameworks in the United States, proficient speakers demonstrate both accuracy and fluency, and use a variety of discourse strategies.
□Note: Proficient is also being able to do something very well.
9. resilient adjective [ri-zil-yuhnt, -zil-ee-uhnt]
returning to the original form or position after being bent,compressed, or stretched; recovering readily or easily
■Example: Our president is resilient enough to cope with the demands and pressures of the nation.
□Note: Give one tip on how to be resilient to change.
10. unanimous adjective [yoo-nan-uh-muhs]
of one mind; in complete agreement; agreed
characterized by or showing complete agreement: aunanimous vote
■Example: Some groups require unanimous consent to approve group decisions.
□Note: usually used with unanimous decision, unanimous vote
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
__________1. recovering readily or easily
__________ 2. occurring or coming at an appropriate time; well-timed
__________ 3. well-advanced or competent in any art, science, or subject; skilled
__________ 4. continuing or enduring forever; everlasting
__________ 5. being more than is sufficient or required; excessive
__________ 6. stern, brutal, harsh or providing little hope
__________ 7. of one mind; in complete agreement; agreed
__________ 8. composed of relatively large parts or particles
__________ 9. not clearly defined or determined; not precise or exact
__________ 10. excluding all else, limited, belonging to a particular group or individual.
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. The brides maid's dress she wore was so _____________ that it almost topped the bride's wedding dress. The bride didn’t look so happy when she realized that she wasn’t the most astonishing woman on her very special day.
2. Generally, you give a real estate broker an _____________ right to sell your property. Of course, it still needs to undergo legal procedures so you still have to wait for some time before you can do so.
3. She waited for an______________ moment to approach her boss and ask for a raise. She believes that perfect timing is needed for her to finally achieve what she has been aiming for.
4. We must improve certain skill-sets by applying simple techniques and strategies that will make us more efficient and ________ when it comes to effectively managing our time.
5. _____________people often utilize abrupt changes as an opportunity to branch out in new directions. Of course, changes entail huge risks, but without taking any risks, growth won’t be possible.
6. The non guarantee of food safety is a _________ reality of our highly industrialized food system, which presently feeds 99 out of 100 citizens. That’s why food inspectors have already started to follow a more stringent set of standards in ensuring the safety of food production.
7. Based on the footage that has been shared with the public, it is their _____________ consensus that this case does not appear to be child abuse. The complainants were upset about the decision and are planning to appeal the case.
8. _______ salt, which is granular and crystallized, is often used to salt meat, as an ingredient in brines, and also in regular recipes, like soups and sauces. On the contrary, table salt is fine and is commonly used in different kinds of recipes.
9. The newscaster is taking an _________ leave of absence from his job at the ABC News Channel to concentrate on his fast food business. Many were saddened upon hearing that news because of his good reputation in doing his job.
10. The group exposed the ____________ reality of the community leader’s illegal involvement with the syndicates. They are now taking legal actions to put an end to this worsening problem.