16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
16: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 16
Part 1: Vocabulary words
able to resist wear, decay, etc., well; lasting; enduring.
■Example: Made of durable plastic, this lamp provides long lasting and brilliant light
□Note: SYNONYM: permanent
ANTONYMS: weak, transitory
2. Curable adjective [kyoor-uh-buhl]
capable of being cured or healed
■Example: Some forms of cancer are curable
□Note: Is a cough curable?
3. Populous adjective [pop-yuh-luhs]
full of residents or inhabitants, as a region; heavilypopulated, jammed or crowded with people
■Example: There's no more populous place than Times Square on New Year's Eve.
□Note: Which part of Japan is the most populous?
4. Ceremonial adjective [ser-uh-moh-nee-uhl]
of, pertaining to, or characterized by ceremony; formal;ritual; used in or in connection with ceremonies
■Example: He devoted much time and attentionto the ceremonial detailsof his kingly office.
□Note: What are the ceremonial occasions in Japan?
5. Cosmological adjective [koz-mol-uh-jee]
the branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and generalstructure of the universe, with its parts, elements, and laws,and especially with such of its characteristics as space,time, causality, and freedom.
■Example: In line with this type of objection,the cosmological argumententails a time before the universe began.
□Note: ORIGIN: 1825, from the Greek word kosmologikos, from kosmos + logiameaning discourse.
6. Adhesive adjective [ad-hee-siv, -ziv]
sticking fast; sticky; clinging.
■Example: The electrode has to be held in place with an adhesive tape.
□Note: What adhesive is best for making crafts?
7. Adrift adjective [uh-drift]
floating without control; drifting; not anchored or moored
lacking aim, direction, or stability
■Example: The survivors were adrift in the rowboat for three days.
They claim that environmental groups are politically adrift and dreadfully out of
□Note: INFORMAL: off course or amiss: the project went adrift
8. Binding adjective [bahyn-ding]
the act of fastening, securing, uniting, or the like, anything that binds.
■Example: We will be binding your wounds with strips of cloth until we get to a hospital.
□Note: ANTONYM: untie
9. Delirious adjective [dih-leer-ee-uhs]
affected with or characterized by being wild with excitement, enthusiasm, etc.
■Example: She was delirious when she received the notice that she passed the Grade 1 Eiken exam.
□Note: SYNONYMS: thrilled, excited, ecstatic
10. disabled adjective [dis-ey-buhld]
crippled; injured; incapacitated
■Example: Teachers in inclusion classrooms must learn to deal effectively with disabled children.
□Note: Please give examples of disabilities.
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
___________1. sticking fast; sticky clinging
___________ 2. heavily populated, jammed or crowded with people
___________ 3. crippled, injured, incapacitated
___________ 4. affected with or characterized by being wild with excitement, enthusiasm, etc.
___________ 5. able to resist wear, decay etc.; long-lasting, enduring
___________6. the branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and generalstructure of the universe, with its parts, elements, and laws,and especially with such of its characteristics as spacetime causality and freedom
___________ 7. of, pertaining to, or characterized by ceremony; formal; ritual
___________ 8. lacking aim, direction, or stability
___________ 9. capable of being healed
___________ 10. the act of fastening, securing, uniting
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. When buying an appliance, you might want to consider other factors such as the reliability of the appliance brand or how ___________ the appliance will be - whether it will stand up to the next few years of constant use.
2. The Chanoyu or Way of Tea is a Japanese cultural activity that involves a_____________ preparation of powdered green tea, which they call matcha. The development of the tea ceremony was highly influenced by Zen Buddhism.
3. A thin, even layer of the ____________ is applied to each surface and allowed to dry for about 10 - 15 minutes. The two surfaces are then pressed firmly together. The bond is instant. This method only works for large surfaces and is particularly useful for non-porous surfaces, e.g. plastic laminates onto wood or metal.
4. Saying a contract is valid means it's legally _____________ and enforceable. Any party who prematurely terminates the contract can be charged with breach of contract and may face legal liabilities.
5. The fishermen on Monday rescued 12 foreign seafarers set _______ by pirates who seized their cargo vessels while the two boats were sailing in convoy from the Mediterranean to pick up cargo from the nearby islands.
6. When talking about famous ___________ people, the first name that comes to the mind is that of the great Albert Einstein. Great Albert had dyslexic symptoms and he even had troubles speaking when he was young.
7. There are numerous inequities in the world with millions of people dyingevery year of ___________diseases and hunger. We should work hand in hand to combat this tragedy, make a difference in people’s lives and change the world for the better.
8. Since developing economies are more ________________ than rich ones, they will inevitably come to dominate the world economy. However, this is only possible if they can maximize the advantage that they have over other countries.
9. Einstein's original and steady-state_______________ model was a static, homogeneous model with spherical geometry.It’s indeed one of the most respected representations of the cosmos ever made.
10. The key to a/an ________ marriage relationship is to maintain the excitement of togetherness at all times. Respect for each other should also never fade, because it substantiates the existence of your other half.