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16:英検対策準1級(Eiken Grade Pre-1)

21: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 21

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Issue verb [ish-oo]
to deliver or to distribute; to publish; to put out or send out
Example: The prosecutor issued a new statement regarding the very controversial lawsuit they filed against the senator.
Note: The word ‘issue’ can also be a noun which means ‘something that’s published and sent out’.

2. Indicate verb [in-di-keyt]
to show as proof; to show or to point out
Example: The diamond on the chart indicated the world war- the economic depression and the rise of Nazi Germany.
Note: What indicates progress in your economy?

3. Storm verb [stawrm]
to complain violently; to rush with rage or anger
Example: He stormed out of the room yelling at his sister for breaking his most prized gadget.
Note: The word ‘storm’ can also mean a violent atmospheric disturbance or a weather condition with strong wind and heavy rain.

4. Preserve verb [pri-zurv]
to make something last; to maintain
Example: The town’s council established a commission that will preserve and enrich their cultural traditions.
Note: How do people preserve food in your country?

5. Address verb [uh-dres]
to direct one’s attention or speech or statement
Example: He addressed the problems to the government officials who have been in their positions for almost a decade now.
Note: To whom do you address your concerns at work?

6. Absorb verb [ab-sawrb, -zawrb]
to suck up liquid
Example: This cloth is best used for absorbing any kind of liquid.
to engage one’s full attention; to occupy
Example: Cooking thrice a day absorbs most of my time.
Note: What absorbs most of your time or attention?

7. Offset verb [awf-set]
to compensate for
Example: More or less, the income that the new product generated just offset the loss that we had last year in selling the old products.
Note: ‘Offset’ literally means ‘act of setting off’.

8. Capture verb [kap-cher]
to take something by force or to seize; to take possession of something
Example: After such a tough pursuit, the police were able to finally capture the fugitive.
Note: What can capture the heart of a woman?

9. Detect verb [dih-tekt]
to discover that someone’s doing something or to detect the existence of something
Example: Upon investigating, officials detected some gas in the area that might have caused the explosion.
Note: Why is early detection of a disease better?

10. Demonstrate verb [dem-uh n-streyt]
to explain, show or describe something supported by examples, proofs or the like
Example: The one who demonstrates the highest competence at work will surely receive a recommendation for promotion.
Note: How do you demonstrate your passion for what you do?

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■demonstrate ■detect ■capture ■offset ■absorb
■address ■preserve ■storm ■indicate ■issue


_____________ 1. to complain violently; to rush with rage or anger
_____________ 2. to discover that someone’s doing something or to detect the existence of something
_____________ 3. to suck up liquid
_____________ 4. to show as proof; to show or to point out
_____________ 5. to deliver or to distribute; to publish; to put out or send out
_____________ 6. to take something by force or to seize; to take possession of something
_____________ 7. to explain or describe something supported by examples, proof or the like
_____________ 8. to direct one’s attention or speech or statement
_____________ 9. to make something last; to maintain
_____________ 10. to compensate for

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Is it still possible to __________ the innocence of children with all the things they see and hear in the media? Or is it still in the hands of their parents to maintain their naiveness?

(1) demonstrate
(2) detect
(3) preserve
(4) indicate

2. The victims of the civil war__________ their sufferings at the hands of the rebel group to their government who has been deaf and mute in the matter. However, no matter how hard they try to get the government's attention, they believe that it is too scared of the rebels to take up arms against them.

(1) addressed
(2) captured
(3) absorbed
(4) indicated

3. After 10 years of diligence, discipline, persistence and hard work, he has finally __________the number one spot for the Top 10 Real Estate Brokers of the Year. There's nothing sweeter than holding the used-to-be impossibility in your very hands.

(1) captured
(2) detected
(3) preserved
(4) offset

4. It was the primary function of commercial banks to _______banknotes. These banknotes circulated as money and were used in trades. In these modern times, we call them promissory notes.

(1) offset
(2) issue
(3) address
(4) capture

5. Experimentations and lots of readings ____________ almost half of the lives of researchers and scientists. It takes a lot of time, effort and thinking in order to accept or reject a hypothesis.

(1) storm
(2) indicate
(3) preserve
(4) absorb

6. The death toll of World War II _________ that it was the deadliest military battle ever recorded in history. It showed that 2.5% of the world's population lost their lives in what some said was an unwarranted conflict among countries of the world.

(1) detected
(2) captured
(3) indicated
(4) absorbed

7. Upon hearing the announcement of the winner of the match, the losing player __________ out and grabbed one of the judges by the collar. He was enraged because obviously there were anomalies that happened that turned things around.

(1) demonstrated
(2) stormed
(3) addressed
(4) issued

8. It is possible that in the future, the increase in the number of migrant workers will __________ the low number of taxpayers of the citizens of Japan. The country is now less strict in accepting immigrants because the taxes that they will generate can compensate for the huge amount of money spent on sustaining the elderlies.

(1) storm
(2) offset
(3) issue
(4) preserve

9. It was clearly stated that in order to pass the training, they should ___________ knowledge of core business skills and show commitment in bringing out their potential. Their performance should be an indicator of their future job performance, as well as the work attitude that they will show.

(1) indicate
(2) detect
(3) demonstrate
(4) absorb

10. I have learned that it is possible to ___________malware on your computer by using the Process Explorer, which has the function of showing you the processes that are running on your computer. Scanning the computer when it's running well and running poorly will show you the differences and from there, you can already start looking for any possible malware.

(1) detect
(2) capture
(3) preserve
(4) indicate