16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
22: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 22
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to use up or to expend; to eat or drink up
■Example: One consumes a lot of energy when doing cardio-vascular exercises.
□Note: Another meaning of the word ‘consume’ is to be engrossed or absorbed in something. For example: He was so consumed with anger when he decided to leave the house.
2. Dictate verb [dik-teyt]
to read or say something aloud for another person to write it down
■Example: The boss dictated to his secretary the letter that he needs to send to his prospective client.
to require, command or order authoritatively
■Example: The government dictated the minimum wage for all workers of the country. □Note: Tell me one thing that your government dictates.
3. Negotiate verb [ni-goh-shee-eyt]
to make a deal with another; to arrange, communicate or discuss something to come up with an agreement
■Example: No matter how hard he tried to negotiate the deal, he still failed to close the merge with ABC Company.
□Note: What do you think are some factors that make a business negotiation successful?
4. Illustrate verb [il-uh-streyt, ih-luhs-treyt]
to explain something clearly using analogies, examples, pictures or writings
■Example: The movement of the economy from 1960 to the present was illustrated on the graph shown to us.
□Note: The word ‘illustrate’ came from the Latin word ‘lustrate’, which means ‘to purify or to brighten’.
5. Retreat verb [ree-treet]
to withdraw or to draw back
■Example:The battalion was commanded to retreat when the general saw that they were outnumbered.
□Note: The word ‘retreat’ can also mean a period of seclusion for the purpose of religious contemplation.
6. Acknowledge verb [ak-nol-ij]
to recognize something as existent, real or true; to recognize the authority of something or someone or the receipt of something
■Example: The president acknowledged the presence of all the noblemen who attended the independence celebration of their country.
□Note:How does your government acknowledge the rights of the people?
7. Contend verb [kuh n-tend]
to strive to compete, debate, dispute, oppose
■Example: John tried to contend his coach for having given him such a sanction for his misbehavior during the game.
□Note: The opposite of ‘to contend’ is ‘to agree’.
8. Transmit verb [trans-mit, tranz-]
to send to a recipient; to communicate information (such as news)
■Example: The signal that the phone call transmitted helped the police to locate the caller.
to pass on (as to genes, virus, right, obligation)
■Example: Malaria is a kind of disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
9. Administer verb [ad-min-uh-ster]
to have executive control of something; to bring something into use
■Example: Police power is given to policemen to make sure that they administer the law made by the legislative body.
□Note: This word also means ‘to apply or to give’ such as: “An intravenous medicine is administered to him once a day.”
10. Renew verb [ri-noo, -nyoo]
to make something effective again for a period of time
■Example: He needs to go to the embassy to renew his passport before it expires.
□Note: It also means to bring back to original condition as in:, “He renews his energy through relaxing on weekends.”
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
___________1.to withdraw or to draw back
___________2. to send to a recipient; to communicate an information
___________ 3. to have executive control of something; to bring something into use
___________ 4. to make a deal with another; to arrange, communicate or discuss something to come up with an agreement
___________ 5. to use up or to expend; to eat or drink up
____________6. to explain something clearly using analogies, examples, pictures or writings
___________ 7. to strive to compete, debate, dispute, oppose
___________ 8. to recognize something as existent, real or true; to recognize the authority of something or someone or the receipt of something
___________ 9. to require, command or order authoritatively
___________ 10. to make something effective again for a period of time
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Novels for adults are unlike children's stories, which are mostly __________ with colorful pictures. Instead of telling the story through these colorful pictures, readers should stir their imaginative minds and make pictures in their heads of what's happening in the story.
2. Nurses shouldn't be working for more than 16 hours in a single shift because one of their major roles is to __________ medications to the patients. This is to avoid any errors in giving the patients the wrong medicine.
3. In the Lebanon hostage crisis, the US government ___________ with the Iranian government by supplying the country US-made missiles and weapon parts in exchange for its aid in freeing the Americans who were held hostage in Lebanon. It was, of course, an illegal deal that the Reagan Administration made.
4. After the victims ___________all the donations given to them right after the calamity, what they needed to get by everyday was provided by kind-hearted people all over the globe. However, it won’t be long from now that they'll have used them all up.
5. With the heart of a true soldier, the outnumbered group did not ____________ and continued on in attacking their conquerors. It isn't a story of victory or defeat anymore; rather, it is a story of heroism and bravery by not withdrawing but facing their fate while defending their country.
6. During the martial law period, even the amount of rice that people could buy was __________ by the government. This order was strictly enforced by the loyal supporters of the president who were given positions both in the local and national government.
7. When the land of the Kaurna people and their spiritual relationship with their country were ___________, the preservation of their cultural and heritage beliefs was strengthened. The recognition and respect given to them are indeed of paramount importance for the continuance of their very existence.
8. When the cubs of a tigress are threatened, she will surely __________ with the enemy and do everything in her power to defeat the intruder. Even when her enemy is much bigger or she’s outnumbered, she almost always comes out of the fight victorious, or at least safe.
9. Upon weighing the pros and cons of living in this apartment, we have decided to ____________ our contract with our landlord. We are thinking of furthering our lease for a year more since there are more conveniences than inconveniences that we enjoy here.
10. The connecting wires in our brain, called neurons, __________messages from the brain to other parts of the body. These messages are electrical currents that travel through the wires to a destination body part for it to perform an action.