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16:英検対策準1級(Eiken Grade Pre-1)

03: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 3

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. lunar adjective (loo-ner)
pertaining to the moon
Example: The lunar lander can carry three crew members.
Note: The word “lunar” comes from the Latin word “lunaris”, which means “moon".

2. dedicated adjective (ded-i-key-tid)
wholly committed to something
Example: The new position requires dedicated, hardworking people with a smart appearance and friendly, outgoing personalities.
Note: An alternative word for “dedicated” is “devoted”. (e.g. She is so devoted to her work that she got a promotion).

3. submissive adjective (suhb-mis-iv)
unresistingly or humbly obedient
Example: The king’s servants are very submissive and loyal.
Note: Do you think it is proper for wives to be submissive to their husbands?

4. hasty adverb (hey-stee)
moving or acting quickly
Example: When one is impatient, it usually results in hasty and poor decision making.
Note: Do you sometimes make hasty decisions? Why or why not?

5. comparable adjective (kom-per-uh-buhl or, kuhm-pair-)
having features in common with something else to permit or suggest comparison
Example: The Roman and British empires could be considered as comparable.
Note: The word “comparable” comes from the Latin word “comparabilis,” which means “equivalent to”.

6. reliable adjective (ri-lahy-uh-buhl)
consistently good in quality or performance
Example: Japanese electronic gadgets are so reliable that many people prefer to buy them.
Note: The verb form of “reliable” is “rely”, which means “to depend confidently.”

7. dubious adjective (doo-bee-uhs, dyoo-)
marked by doubt or uncertainty
Example: He is dubious of the idea that increasing consumption tax can help the economy grow.
Note: A good synonym for the word “dubious” is “doubtful.” (e.g. He is doubtful of the effectiveness of the new policies made by the president.)

8. indispensable adjective (in-di-spen-suh-buhl)
absolutely necessary, or essential
Example: Mobile phones are now indispensable parts of our lives.
Note: Can you name other things that have become indispensable to our daily lives?

9. mainstream noun (meyn-streem)
belonging to or characteristic of a principal, dominant, or widely accepted group, movement, style, etc.
Example: Slow jazz was mainstream in the 1960s.
Note: This word is a combination of the 2 words “main” (adj.) + “stream” (n.river, current), hence the meaning "prevailing direction in opinion, popular taste, etc.”

10. initial adjective ( ih-nish-uhl)
of, pertaining to, or occurring at the beginning
Example: The doctor reviewed the initial laboratory results before giving the diagnosis.
Note: As a noun, “initial” could pertain to the acronym or the first letters of a name of a person, company, etc.(e.g. JFK stands for John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th US president.).

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■initial  ■mainstream ■indispensable  ■dubious ■reliable
■comparable  ■hasty ■submissive  ■dedicated ■lunar


_____________ 1.belonging to or characteristic of a principal, dominant, or widely accepted group, movement, style, etc.
_____________ 2.having features in common with something else to permit or suggest comparison
_____________ 3.absolutely necessary, or essential
_____________ 4.wholly committed to something
_____________ 5.moving or acting quickly
_____________ 6.unresistingly or humbly obedient
_____________ 7.of, pertaining to, or occurring at the beginning
_____________ 8.consistently good in quality or performance
_____________ 9.pertaining to the moon
_____________ 10.marked by doubt or uncertainty

Part2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. When the reporter asked why he bears such a unique name, he said that he has a very long name, so he just uses his _________ to identify himself with the network group.

(1) Comparable
(2) Submissive
(3) Mainstream
(4) Initials

2. He is _________ as to whether his friend is submissive to his wife because of love. He actually thinks she’s already taking advantage of him to the point of being abusive.

(1) Hasty
(2) Dedicated
(3) Dubious
(4) Indispensable

3. Some fake Chinese products are not _________ when it comes to quality, primarily because of the materials they use in manufacturing them.

(1) Hasty
(2) Comparable
(3) Submissive
(4) Reliable

4. A _________ eclipse occurs when the moon passes behind the Earth so that the Earth blocks the sun's rays from striking the moon. Many people await this kind of phenomenon because of its rare occurrence.

(1) Hasty
(2) Mainstream
(3) Lunar
(4) Dedicated

5. People were overwhelmed to see hundreds of _________ volunteers helping a lot of victims from the recent national disaster. Indeed, tragedies bring out the best in people.

(1) Dedicated
(2) Submissive
(3) Dubious
(4) Hasty

6. Anti-social peopleare known to be uncomfortable being around people. They tend to have a life space of their own that shuns anyone who tries to enter it.It is almost impossible for them to join the ____________ because of enormous anxiety.

(1) Mainstream
(2) Dedicated
(3) Lunar
(4) Submission

7. Indentured servants were forced to be _____________ to their masters or lords so they could come along in the journey to the New World with the hope of finding opportunities for themselves.

(1) Reliable
(2) Submissive
(3) Dubious
(4) Indispensable

8. The Elbphilharmonie Hall, a concert hall that is expected to be completed in the summer of 2015,won’t be a _______________ landmark to any other in Hamburg for its height. The budget for the construction of this building is amounting to €500 million.

(1) Comparable
(2) Reliable
(3) Dedicated
(4) Dubious

9. Pressure sometimes forces one to make __________ decisions that consequently lead to failed actions that are sometimes irreparable. In making decisions that can make an enormous change in one’s life, deep thought should be given to them.

(1) Initial
(2) Submissive
(3) Reliable
(4) Hasty

10. With the demand of quick access to different kinds of information and fast means of communication wherever you are in the world, the internet has become a/an ____________ part of people’s lives.

(1) Hasty
(2) Indispensable
(3) Reliable
(4) Comparable