16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
37: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 37
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to describe, explain, illustrate or prove something through reasoning or evidence
■Example: Salesmen must properly demonstrate how to use the products that they’re selling to encourage prospective customers to buy them.
□Note: What do salesmen and salesladies do to sell their products?
2. Decline verb [dih-klahyn]
to refuse or not accept in a courteous manner
■Example: She declined the guy’s invitation to eat out tonight simply because she isn’t attracted to him.
□Note: Have you ever declined a very good job offer?
3. Brand noun [brand]
label; identity of a particular product
■Example: People tend to buy products with famous brand names. For them, they are more reliable than others.
□Note: Why do you think some products with popular brands are very expensive?
4. Generate verb [jen-uh-reyt]
to produce or to create
■Example: Perhaps putting her name on different social networking sites can generate her more votes to win the competition.
□Note: What generates electricity in your country?
5. Bid verb [bid]
to offer a certain price for something
■Example: She flew 8 hours over bodies of water and land just to bid at the auction for the most unique painting by her favorite artist.
□Note: The word ‘bid’ is also used when expressing a greeting, wish, farewell, etc.: to bid one good night.
6. Spoil verb [spoil]
to damage or harm something’s value, nature or usefulness
■Example: After working on his artwork for more than one month, he was stunned to see how quickly his little brother spoiled it by spilling coffee on it.
□Note: How do you react to people who tend to spoil the fun?
7. Oppose verb [uh-pohz]
to resist or to go against
■Example: It’s impossible to come up with better strategies for how we can make the campaign more aggressive if we just agree with their ideas. We somehow should oppose them and suggest other options.
□Note: Why do you think teenagers tend to oppose their parents?
8. Burst verb [burst]
to forcibly break open or come out
■Example: Water burst out of the pipe when Dan accidentally broke the faucet.
to express a sudden emotion
□Note: The word ‘burst’ can also mean ‘to express a sudden emotion’.
Example: The crowd burst into laughter when the comedian fell from where he was sitting while doing his comedy act.
9. Stimulate verb [stim-yuh-leyt]
to stir or incite an action; to encourage progress or action
■Example: Instead of being discouraged by her failed novels, she was even more stimulated to write better ones, which eventually led her to fame.
□Note: Some words that are synonymous with stimulate are excite, arouse and activate.
10. Arise verb [uh-rahyz]
to get up from a low position (kneeling, sitting or lying position) ; to move upward
■Example: A long time ago, gentlemen would arise from their seats once a woman entered the room.
□Note: ‘Arise from’ means to result or spring from.
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_______________ 1. to offer a certain price for something
_______________ 2. to resist or to go against
_______________ 3. to produce or to create
_______________ 4. to refuse or not accept in a courteous manner
_______________ 5. to damage or harm something’s value, nature or usefulness
_______________ 6. label; identity of a particular product
_______________ 7. to describe, explain, illustrate or prove something through reasoning or evidence
_______________ 8. to forcibly break open or come out; to express a sudden emotion
_______________ 9. to get up from a low position (kneeling, sitting or lying position) ; to move upward
_______________ 10. to stir or incite an action; to encourage progress or action
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. We need to make sure the weather won't _______________ our most awaited night this weekend. Let's check the weather forecast so we can plan for our camping trip more thoroughly so we can make sure we can get the most out of it.
2. One of the paintings of the most renowned artist that was just recently discovered by his great-grandson is currently up for auction. The ______________ started at a whopping $800,000, and who knows how much it'll be sold for.
3. Nelson Mandela was one of the most successful figures who had the courage to __________ apartheid. His heroism even landed him behind bars, but it didn't stop him from freeing the blacks from being isolated and discriminated in the society.
4. William waited almost all his life for the job opportunity that would surely change his life, but when it finally came, he didn't accept it. The offer was indeed very attractive but he had no choice but to ____________the offer because he couldn't afford living far away from home.
5. At a very young age, Sheila was already forced to work for long hours almost everyday of the week to ______________ a huge income for her family. However, ever since she ventured out, her business earned her the money instead of her working for it.
6. The world-renowned veteran actress suddenly _______________ into tears upon seeing the famished children of Africa. With the sudden rush of emotions, she released a public statement saying that she would do all in her power to help them out of hunger.
7. Amore was known to be the most famous ____________ of perfume in the old days. However, with all the new names that have been coming out in the perfumery industry, it has gradually lost its popularity.
8. As a pre-school teacher, you should be creative enough to come up with different activities that will _____________ the students' imaginative minds. It's of high importance to keep their interest during the class.
9. Some activists visited our school to ____________the enormous effects of the simple trash we carelessly throw in our environment. The audience was taken aback by their video presentation that showed different natural calamities that have happened in the world in the past century.
10. An indescribable chaos_____________ from political conflicts in Syria. The resignation of the opposition leader, Moaz al-Khatibcaused, created such chaos in the country, which finally led to chemical weapon attack.