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16:英検対策準1級(Eiken Grade Pre-1)

39: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 39

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Dignity noun [dig-ni-tee]
showing nobility in character; character that is worthy of honor
Example: Before his father died, he made Adam promise that he should preserve the dignity of their family.
Note: What defines your dignity as a person?

2. Luxury noun [luhk-shuh-ree, luhg-zhuh-]
indulgence in pleasures or comforts that are deemed neither necessary nor ordinary (can also be a material thing)
Example: He obviously enjoys the luxury of being the only child of the city’s mayor.
Note: What are some luxuries you enjoy?

3. Guideline noun [gahyd-lahyn]
guide or direction in executing a course of action
Example:Why don’t you check the guidelines of solving that particular problem? It might help you get the hang of it.
Note: Did you make it a habit to read the guidelines before doing anything?

4. Wealth noun [welth] noun
huge amount of money; abundance of anything
Example: With his simplicity, nobody would think that he’s got that unimaginable wealth.
Note: What do you consider to be your greatest wealth?

5. Commodity noun [kuh-mod-i-tee]
something, such as a product, that is used or traded
Example: Interestingly enough, time is the most valuable commodity in this incredibly fast-moving generation.
Note: What’s the most in demand commodity in your town or city?

6. Complaint noun [kuh m-pleynt]
expression of dissatisfaction, regret, dislike, grief, etc.
Example: He went home with his head hanging low from losing his job because of the number of complaints he received from his customers in the last months.
Note: How do most people in your country express their complaints against the government’s poor decision-making?

7. Criticism noun [krit-uh-siz-uh m]
an unfavorable comment or judgment that’s usually based on analysis or the evaluation of something or someone
Example: Her defiant attitude towards everybody’s opinion will surely just waste even a wise man’s constructive criticism.
Note: Have you ever received very offensive criticisms before? How did you handle them?

8. Congestion noun [kuh n-jes-chuh n]
the state of being crowded, clogged or overloaded
Example: Hopefully, the new traffic scheme will improve traffic congestion most especially during rush hours.
Note: When we’re having colds, most of the time, we also suffer from nasal congestion.

9. Theft noun [theft]
the act of taking and carrying away other people’s belonging; simply the act of stealing
Example: His parents abandoned him when he was 8. Not having the strength to endure an empty stomach, he resorted to theft at a very young age.
Note: Theft is a criminal offense.

10. Hostage noun [hos-tij]
person used (put in danger of being hurt, or worse killed) to secure someone’s safety so that his demands will be given
Example: The Filipino people were extremely shocked and horror-stricken when a number of Hong Kong nationals were held hostage by a former policeman.
Note: Have you ever heard of hostage-taking stories?

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■Dignity ■Luxury ■Guideline ■Wealth ■Commodity
■Complaint ■Criticism ■Congestion ■Theft ■Hostage


_______________ 1. expression of dissatisfaction, regret, dislike, grief, etc.
_______________ 2. an unfavorable comment or judgment that’s usually based on analysis or the evaluation of something or someone
_______________ 3. indulgence in pleasures or comforts that are deemed neither necessary nor ordinary (can also be a material thing)
_______________ 4. the act of taking and carrying away other people’s belonging; simply the act of stealing
_______________ 5. the state of being crowded, clogged or overloaded
_______________ 6. showing nobility in character; character that is worthy of honor
_______________ 7. something, such as a product, that is used or traded
_______________ 8. huge amount of money; abundance of anything
_______________ 9. guide or direction in executing a course of action
_______________ 10. person used (put in danger of being hurt, or worse killed) to secure someone’s safety so that his demand’s will be given

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. The Presidential Committee on Good Government successfully sold a Marcos property for the amount of P247.11 million. By far, it's the most that the government has received from the ill-gotten ___________of the Marcoses.

(1) Commodity
(2) Luxury
(3) Wealth
(4) Theft

2. A retired army general closed down a shop and kept around 20 people in there and held them _________. Without focusing on the terror it brought the victims, it was found that he only wanted the government to stay true to their promises to all retired soldiers in their country.

(1) Hostage
(2) Guideline
(3) Complaint
(4) Commodity

3. When I interviewed some of the convicts at the city jail, most of their cases were related to ___________. Apparently, these men came from the poorest area of the city and their only means of living was through stealing.

(1) Theft
(2) Complaint
(3) Hostage
(4) Congestion

4. We are giving away a once in a lifetime chance to our loyal customers to feel and experience all the ___________of an expensive vacation at a very reasonable price. We assure you that all those pleasures and fun will not just be unforgettable, but worth every penny you'd spend.

(1) Wealth
(2) Dignities
(3) Luxuries
(4) Commodities

5. The _____________of samurais must be preserved until the final moment of their lives. They would prefer an immediate death than be shamed by looking helpless, especially in public.

(1) Dignity
(2) Wealth
(3) Luxury
(4) Criticism

6. His wife's ____________ against his second wife have already been filed with the ombudsman. Everybody involved is now just waiting for the legal actions that the office will take on the accusations of a wife in pain.

(1) Criticisms
(2) Complaints
(3) Congestion
(4) Luxuries

7. Having been the best performer of her age, she surely received a lot of constructive and destructive ____________. Those remarks didn't shake her one bit but made her a lot better instead.

(1) Criticisms
(2) Complaints
(3) Congestion
(4) Luxuries

8. The lawmakers followed a ____________in drafting the changes that they will make in their constitution. Abiding by the set standards will ensure that whatever alterations they will make, the people's sovereignty will still prevail.

(1) Criticism
(2) Guideline
(3) Complaint
(4) Commodity

9. We've been experiencing delays in our message exchange. When we called the customer care of our network provider, the agent informed us that it's due to message _________in the network.

(1) Commodity
(2) Congestion
(3) Complaint
(4) Theft

10. Even though alcohol is an expensive _____________with the increase in its tax, people still patronize it. Perhaps, it's the culture of drinking that made such a product indispensable in the market.

(1) Commodity
(2) Luxury
(3) Wealth
(4) Congestion