16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
53: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 53
Part 1: Vocabulary words
having a good understanding or a high mental capacity
■Example: Intelligent robots are sent to hazardous situations so fewer human lives are put at risk.
□Note: Do you believe there are intelligent beings beyond our planet?
2. Flexible adjective [flek-suh-buh l]
■Example: Her flexible schedule allowed her to be a housewife and a career woman at the same time.
□Note: How can you be flexible when moving to a new country?
3. Brisk adjective [brisk]
quick and active
■Example: The brisk pace of the music brought great energy to the room.
□Note: Do you prefer a brisk or slow walking pace?
4. Involuntary adjective [in-vol-uh n-ter-ee]
not by one’s choice
■Example: Involuntary spasms of the vocal cords cause the voice to change in quality.
□Note: Is involuntary servitude prevalent in today’s society?
5. Barren adjective [bar-uh n]
incapable of producing offspring
■Example: The crown was passed to the brother of the king because the queen is barren.
□Note: Are there parts of your country where the land is barren from farming crops?
6. Chronic adjective [kron-ik]
■Example: Nobody believed him because he was a chronic liar.
□Note: Do you have chronic pains in your body?
7. Confidential adjective [kon-fi-den-shuh l]
spoken, written, or acted upon in secrecy
■Example: The story was withheld from the public to keep the relationship confidential.
□Note: Can people count on you to keep their secrets confidential?
8. Competitive adjective [kuh m-pet-i-tiv]
having a strong desire to rival for supremacy
■Example: The two stores battled for customers by advertising competitive prices.
□Note: Do you possess a competitive nature?
9. Epidemic adjective [ep-i-dem-ik]
affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not prevalent
■Example: An epidemic of cholera struck the city, causing many deaths.
□Note: When was the last recorded epidemic?
10. Literally adverb [lit-er-uh-lee]
■Example: This acts like a vacuum cleaner, literally sucking the plates backwards.
□Note: When have you literally done something bad?
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_______________ 1. quick and active
_______________ 2. spoken, written, or acted upon in secrecy
_______________ 3. strict sense
_______________ 4. having a good understanding or a high mental capacity
_______________ 5. not by one’s choice
_______________ 6. affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not prevalent
_______________ 7. incapable of producing offspring
_______________ 8. easily adaptable
_______________ 9. having a strong desire to rival for supremacy
_______________ 10. habitual
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. The rover Curiosity landed on Mars in 2012 to explore the surfaces of the red planet. Scientists hope to find clues of ___________ beings living on the planet and to see if it can sustain human colonies.
2. After falling during the preliminary rounds of Miss Universe 1999, Ms. Philippines continued her quest for the ultimate prize. She was truly___________ in her swim wear, long gown, and question and answer portions, which helped her capture the first runner-up title.
3. Marilinda went to the doctor after experiencing ____________ coughing for the past week. Years of smoking has taken its toll on her health as the doctor diagnosed her with emphysema.
4. The bank allowed Dolly to have a _____________ payment plan of no interest, no payments until 10 years after her graduation from college for her student loan. She also has the option of paying on the 15th or 30th of every month.
5. The ____________ autumn winds made the temperature feel colder than how it used to be. People wore jackets over their clothes to protect themselves and to keep themselves warm from the wind.
6. Jurors in a trial are required to keep all the information _____________ until a verdict has been reached. Jurors are carefully selected and processed for such an important civic duty because failure to comply would result in possible jail time.
7. The Christmas Day tsunami 0f 2004 sent numerous rescue agencies to Thailand and other devastated areas. They immediately went to the sites and __________ spent the next several days hoping to find survivors under the mass of rubble scattered in the area.
8. 2009 was the year of the AH1N1 ______________ that hit many Southeast Asian countries. People in these areas were told to wear face masks and avoid crowded areas to stop the spread of the disease.
9. The driver of the car hit and killed the unsuspected cyclist riding in the bike lane. He was charged with _____________ manslaughter and pled guilty to the charges against him.
10. The Sahara Desert of northern Africa is ____________ from the cultivation of plants and the habitation of animals. The extreme heat and lack of rain prevents plants and animals alike from surviving in such conditions.