難易度:中級

15:英検対策準2級(Eiken Grade Pre-2)

01: Eiken Grade Pre-2 Vocabularies Lesson

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Advertisement noun [ad-ver-tahyz-muhnt, ad-vur-tis-muhnt, -tiz-]
an announcement in print, broadcast, or electronic media that is paid by for the sale of goods or to publicize an event
Example: The posting of big billboards as part of companies’ advertisements should be regulated.
Note: An advertisement can also be called an ‘ad’ or ‘advert’.

2. Amount noun [uh-mount]
the sum of two or more quantities; quantity or measure
Example: It’s difficult to imagine the total amount of waste we produce every day.
verb
to total or to add up in number or quantity; to be equivalent or to add up in effect
Example: Everything he has done for the company in five years already amounts to a lifetime of service.
Note: Amount is used with mass or uncountable nouns while number is used with countable nouns.

3. Anniversary noun [an-uh-vur-suh-ree]
the annual recurrence of the date of a past event; a celebration that remembers such a date
Example: After 60 years of being married, my mom and dad still celebrate their wedding anniversary.
Note: Anniversary can also be used as an adjective as in ‘anniversary gift’.

4. Attention noun [uh-ten-shuhn]
the act of concentrating the mind on an object; the ability to concentrate mentally; watchful consideration and care
Example: Much attention should be given to children with special needs.
Note: Is it easy for you to pay attention to what is being discussed?

5. Avenue noun [av-uh-nyoo, -noo]
means of access or of attainment
Example: I consider my new job to be an avenue for professional growth.
Note: This word is also used in the names of certain wide roads or streets.

6. Average noun [av-er-ij, av-rij]
mid-level or degree; norm or typical amount, rate, degree, etc.; typical, common or ordinary
Example: She’s a fabulous woman. I don’t know why she settled for an average man.
Note: What’s the average marrying age in Japan?

7. Boss noun [baws, bos]
a person who employs or supervises workers; the one who has the authority to make decisions
verb
to manage, direct or control; to give orders in a dominant manner
Example: Who is she to boss us around like that?
Note: What does a boss do?

8. Cloth noun [klawth, kloth]
a material or fabric that is formed by weaving, knitting, pressing, or felting natural or artificial fibers and used for garments, upholstery and many other items
Example: We bought different kinds of cloth in Thailand for our clothing line.
a piece of such a fabric or material that is used for a particular purpose
Example: We need to buy a new cloth for the table for your birthday celebration.
Note: Can you buy cheap cloths in your country?

9. Corner noun [kawr-ner]
the place at which two lines, surfaces or edges meet forming an angle; pertaining to the area that is enclosed or bound by an angle that was formed
Example: She found her key at the corner of their house.
a position or situation that is threatening or embarrassing from which escape is difficult
Example: In the heat of the debate, she found herself in the corner upon giving a false statement.
adjective
located at the corner or street corner
Example: I saw her standing by the newsstand on the corner.
a thing that is designed for use in a corner
Example: I bought a corner table at the furniture shop.
Note: ‘Corner’ can also be used as a verb which means to drive into a corner: The fugitives were cornered by the police.

10. Costume noun [kos-toom, -tyoom]
a style of dress that includes garments, accessories and hairdos that have the characteristics of a particular country, period, people or theme; clothes suitable for a particular occasion
Example: A well-known international designer designed her national costume for the competition.
Note: Have you ever worn a costume before?

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■advertisement ■avenue ■amount ■average ■boss
■anniversary ■attention ■cloth ■corner ■average


_________________ 1. a person who employs or supervises workers; the one who has the authority to make decisions
_________________ 2. the annual recurrence of the date of a past event; a celebration that remembers such a date
_________________ 3. the sum of two or more quantities; quantity or measure
_________________ 4. a material or fabric that is formed by weaving, knitting, pressing, or felting natural or artificial fibers and used for garments, upholstery and many other items
_________________ 5. mid-level or degree; norm or typical amount, rate, degree, etc.; typical, common orordinary
_________________ 6. a style of dress that includes garments, accessories and hairdos that has the characteristics of a particular country, period, people or theme; clothes suitable for a particular occasion
_________________ 7. means of access or of attainment
_________________ 8. the place at which two lines, surfaces or edges meet forming an angle; pertaining to the area that is enclosed or bound by an angle that was formed
_________________ 9. an announcement in print, broadcast, or electronic media that is paid for by the sale of goods or to publicize an event
_________________ 10. the act of concentrating the mind on an object; the ability to concentrate mentally; watchful consideration and care

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Companies spend much money for different ____________ to boost their sales.

a. costume
b. billboards
c. advertisements
d. posters

2. Teachers should pay more ____________ to students who have learning difficulties.

a. attention
b. respect
c. money
d. time

3. School is only one of the _______________ for learning.

a. roads
b. boulevards
c. accesses
d. avenues

4. She wore an extravagant ____________ in the contest that won her the first prize.

a. costume
b. cloth
c. custom
d. wet suit

5. She always _________ people around; that’s why most of her colleagues dislike her. She gives orders just like a manager.

a. tackles
b. spies
c. bosses
d. attends