難易度:中級

15:英検対策準2級(Eiken Grade Pre-2)

02: Eiken Grade Pre-2 Vocabularies Lesson 2

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Countryside noun [kuhn-tree-sahyd]
a rural area or its inhabitants
Example: I enjoy the quiet life of the countryside.
Note: Which do you prefer, the city or the countryside?

2. Custom noun [kuhs-tuhm]
a practice that is habitual; a practice that is followed and shared by a group or region
Example: It’s a custom in our family to eat dinner together.
Note: ‘Custom’ is also an adjective which means made specially for individual customers: I gave her a custom-made shirt.

3. Customer noun [kuhs-tuh-mer]
a person who buys goods and services
Example: The new store already has a lot of customers.
Note: Are you a good customer?

4. Degree noun [dih-gree]
one in any of a series of steps or stages in a process, course or progression
Example: Are you ready for a next degree of difficulty?
intensity or amount
Example: The degree of heat is unbearable.
Note: ‘Degree’ is usually used to express ‘extent or measure’, as to “To what degree can you go?”

5. Dentist noun [den-tist]
a professional who is trained and licensed to practice dentistry; teeth doctor
Example: I go to my dentist every 6 months.
Note: Do you regularly visit your dentist?

6. Disaster noun [dih-zas-ter, -zah-ster]
an event or occurrence that causes huge damage, destruction of properties, injuries and even death
Example: The 2011 tsunami was one of the big disasters that ever hit Japan.
Note: Has any disaster ever hit your area?

7. Drugstore noun [druhg-stawr, -stohr]
a store or a place of business where medicines or drugs are sold, sometimes some other articles like toothpaste, mouthwash, and cosmetics are also sold here
Example: I rushed to the drugstore to buy my mom medicine for her headache.
Note: What can you buy in a drugstore?

8. Earthquake noun [urth-kweyk]
sudden movement or vibration made by the earth’s crust sometimes caused by volcanic activity or movements of faults; shock or tremor
Example: Everybody’s scared of earthquakes.
Note: What should you do when there’s an earthquake?

9. Effort noun [ef-ert]
the exertion of either physical or mental energy or both in doing something
Example: It takes a lot of effort for one to be fluent in a foreign language.
an intense attempt to do something
Example: Please exert an effort to meet the deadline.
to do something with great difficulty
Example: It is indeed a great effort to wake up early in the morning.
Note: Do you exert much effort to prepare for the Eiken exam?

10. Entertainment noun [en-ter-teyn-muhnt]
the act of entertaining, amusing or pleasing through a performance or a show; a production that entertains
Example: Theater art is my most favorite kind of entertainment.
Note: What kinds of entertainment do you like the most?

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■countryside ■custom ■customer ■degree ■dentist
■disaster ■drugstore ■earthquake ■effort ■entertainment


_________________ 1. a practice that is habitual; a practice that is followed and shared by a group or region
_________________ 2. an event or occurrence that causes huge damage, destruction of properties, injuries and even death
_________________ 3. a professional who is trained and licensed to practice dentistry; teeth doctor
_________________ 4. one in any of a series of steps or stages in a process, course or progression
_________________ 5. a store or a place of business where medicines or drugs are sold, sometimes some other articles like toothpaste, mouthwash, cosmetics are also sold here
_________________ 6. the act of entertaining, amusing or pleasing through a performance or a show; a production that entertains
_________________ 7. a person who buys goods and services
_________________ 8. the exertion of either physical or mental energy or both in doing something
_________________ 9. a rural area or its inhabitants
_________________ 10. sudden movement or vibration made by the earth’s crust sometimes caused by volcanic activity or movements of faults; shock or tremor

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. I have to go to the ____________. I need to buy something to relieve my sister’s stomachache.

a. flower shop
b. department store
c. drugstore
d. shoe store

2. We need to get more ______________ for our business to sell well.

a. customers
b. trainees
c. employees
d. bosses

3. My ___________ gave me some advice on how to take care of my teeth.

a. surgeon
b. pediatrician
c. dentist
d. veterinarian

4. As compared to the city, the ___________ is much more relaxed and quiet.

a. countryside
b. forest
c. jungle
d. urban area

5. Our city was hit by a strong ___________ this morning. The shaking was really scary.

a. thunder
b. earthquake
c. typhoon
d. landslide