難易度:中級

15:英検対策準2級(Eiken Grade Pre-2)

20: Eiken Grade Pre-2 Vocabularies Lesson 20

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. fossil adjective (fä-səl)
preserved from a past geologic age
Example: Fossils of shellfish are found in this place.

2. husband noun (həz-bənd)
a male partner in a marriage
Example: Her husband works for an oil company in Saudi Arabia.

3. meal noun (mēl)
an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite
Example: Some poor children can eat only one meal a day.

4. excuse verb (ik-skyüz)
to make an apology for; to try to remove blame from
Example: She always makes excuses for her absences.

5. advantage noun (əd-van-tij)
superiority of position or condition
Example: What are the advantages of living here in the city?

6. government noun (gə-vər(n)-mənt)
the act or process of governing; specifically : authoritative direction or control
Example: The South Korean government announced its new plan to improve the quality of education.

7. information noun (in-fər-mā-shən)
the communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence
Example: The police are now gathering information about the suspect.

8. operation noun (ä-pə-rā-shən)
performance of a practical work or of something involving the practical application of principles or processes
Example: The military operation was kept secret.

9. result verb (ri-zəlt)
to proceed or arise as a consequence, effect, or conclusion
Example: When was the last national election in your country? What was the result?

10. chance noun (chan(t)s)
something that happens unpredictably without discernible human intention or observable cause
Example: There’s a great chance of rain this afternoon.

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■information ■fossil ■husband ■meal ■advantage
■government ■excuse ■operation ■result ■chance


_________ 1. the communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence
_________ 2. to proceed or arise as a consequence, effect, or conclusion
_________ 3. to make apology for; to try to remove blame from
_________ 4. preserved from a past geologic age
_________ 5. something that happens unpredictably without discernible human intention or observable cause
_________ 6. performance of a practical work or of something involving the practical application of principles or processes
_________ 7. an act or the time of eating a portion of food to satisfy appetite
_________ 8. a male partner in a marriage
_________ 9. superiority of position or condition
_________ 10. the act or process of governing; specifically : authoritative direction or control

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Stephanie needs a/an __________ for her knee injury.

a. fossil
b. operation
c. advantage
d. chance

2. The __________ gave new information about the disease.

a. government
b. chance
c. meal
d. excuse

3. Her husband is good at making __________.

a. fossils
b. chances
c. excuses
d. governments

4. There are so many ____________ of eating a lot of vegetables and getting plenty of exercise rather than eating a lot of meat and sitting the wholeday.

a. chances
b. fossils
c. excuses
d. advantages

5. These animal __________ were found in Africa.

a. fossils
b. excuses
c. meals
d. information