難易度:中級

15:英検対策準2級(Eiken Grade Pre-2)

03: Eiken Grade Pre-2 Vocabularies Lesson 3

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. environment noun [en-vahy-ruhn-muhnt, -vahy-ern-]
the surrounding circumstances or conditions, influences; all the cultural, social or external factors or forces that affect or shape the life of a person or a group of people
Example: The environment is one of the factors that greatly affects a child’s personality.
Note: Which do you prefer, a peaceful environment or an active environment?

2. favor noun [fey-ver]
something that is done or granted out of kindness
Example: Can you do me a favor? Can you drop by Liza’s house and give her this?
a favorable repute; approval
Example: Senatorial candidates are now starting to win favor of the people for the upcoming election.
Note: Have you ever done anyone a favor?

3. fee noun [fee]
payment due for professional services; payment charged for a privilege
Example: After the success of his first album, his talent fee suddenly increased.
Note: What ‘fee’ do you need to pay when enrolling in college?

4. graduation noun [graj-oo-ey-shuhn]
the ceremony for receiving a diploma or academic degree that marks the completion of studies
Example: All senior students are excited for their graduation tomorrow.
Note: When did you have your first graduation?

5. grandparent noun
the father or the mother of one’s parent
Example: I visit my grandparents every week.
Note: Your grandmother and grandfather are your grandparents.

6. homestay noun [hohm-stey]
is a study abroad program or a kind of tourism that allows visitors to rent a room from a local or host family for them to learn more about the lifestyle of the local people
Example: I went on a homestay in New Zealand and my host family was really nice to me.
Note: Do you think going on a homestay is more fun than backpacking?

7. industry noun [in-duh-stree]
refers to the production of any economic goods in a particular field, whether material or service; any business activity
Example: The automobile industry in Japan helps its economy a lot.
Note: ‘Industry’ came from the Latin word ‘industria’ which means ‘diligent activity directed to some purpose’.

8. luck noun [luhk]
good fortune or any force that brings good or ill in someone’s life that shapes circumstances and events
Example: May luck land me this job.
the chance happening of good or bad events
Example: Some scientists’ discoveries were just out of pure luck.
Note: Do you believe in good luck charms?

9. material noun [muh-teer-ee-uhl]
the substance or raw matter from which a thing is made of
Example: The materials for the construction of the house will arrive after lunch.
refers to collected ideas, facts, data or information used to make an integrated work or effort
Example: Start gathering materials as early as now so we can immediately start working on our research.
Note: What materials do you need in making simple art works?

10. mayor noun [mey-er, mair]
the head of a local government who is usually elected; the civic head or chief executive official of a municipality
Example: The new mayor of our city will have his oath taking on Monday.
Note: Is your city headed by a mayor?

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■environment ■grandparent ■favor ■homestay ■industry
■fee ■luck ■graduation ■material ■mayor


_________________ 1. the ceremony for receiving a diploma or academic degree that marks the completion of studies
_________________ 2. is a study abroad program or a kind of tourism that allows visitors to rent a room from a local or host family for them to learn more about the lifestyle of the local people.
_________________ 3. good fortune or any force that brings good or ill in someone’s life that shapes circumstances and events
_________________ 4. payment due for professional services; payment charged for a privilege
_________________ 5. the head of a local government who is usually elected; the civic head or chief executive official of a municipality
_________________ 6. the surrounding circumstances or conditions, influences; all the cultural, social or external factors or forces that affect or shape the life of a person or a group of people
_________________ 7. the father or the mother of one’s parent
_________________ 8. the substance or raw matter from which a thing is made of; refers to collected ideas, facts, data or information used to make an integrated work or effort
________________ 9. something that is done or granted out of kindness
________________ 10. refers to the production of any economic goods in a particular field, whether material or service; any business activity

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. The people surrounding him forced him to do things he never thought he could do. With this big change in his _______________, his personality is also gradually changing.

a. environment
b. nature
c. industry
d. background

2. After studying for a total of 8 years at the university, he can’t believe that he’s finally __________. He feels like all the hardships have finally come to an end.

a. regressing
b. progressing
c. graduating
d. succeeding

3. He doesn’t believe that he got the job because of his skills. He actually thinks it’s just out of pure ___________ brought by the charm crystal on his neck.

a.chance
b. luck
c. providence
d. wisdom

4. They used the top-of-the line ____________ in building that house. That’s why they are sure that it can’t be torn down by even the strongest earthquake that may hit their place.

a. materials
b. ingredients
c. chemicals
d. requirements

5. The food kiosk ____________ is a big hit in the Philippines. This kind of business activity is also popular among average people because of its low capital.

a. industry
b. engineering
c. architecture
d. building