難易度:中級

15:英検対策準2級(Eiken Grade Pre-2)

04: Eiken Grade Pre-2 Vocabularies Lesson 4

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Middle noun [mid-l]
the point that’s equally distant to the outer limits or extremes
Example: Measure the distance from the outside of the circle to the middle.
(adjective) medium or average
Example: Is he tall or short? He’s not tall or short, just in the middle.
equally distant to the extremes
Example: The middle one in the group is my niece.
Note: ‘Middle’ also pertains to the middle part of the body.

2. Miniature noun [min-ee-uh-cher, -choor, min-uh-cher]
a small copy, model or image that represents something; a greatly reduced copy of something
Example: She has been collecting miniatures of different characters ever since she was young.
Note: This word is also an adjective that means being on a very small scale.

3. Moment noun [moh-muhnt]
an instant; a brief or short indefinite period of time; a particular point in time, esp. the present time; a definite important or significant period in the course or series of events
Example: I am confident that I can surpass all problems that may arise because I have already gone through the most critical moment of my life.
Note: What has been the most important moment of your life?

4. Network noun [net-wurk]
a complex system or interconnected group or systems or people especially over a large area
Example: There’s a huge network of food franchisers in our country.
Note: ‘Network’ can also be a verb which means to place in or on a network or to distribute widely: Your recruitment agency will network your resume to different companies.

5. Organization noun [awr-guh-nuh-zey-shuhn]
a systematic structure; people that were organized into a group for a specific purpose or some work
Example: Everyone in our organization has the same degree of passion for what we are aiming for.
Note: Are you a member of any organization?

6. Plenty noun [plen-tee]
being fully equipped with supply or an amount; abundant in goods, luxuries or time
Example: We have plenty of time, so don’t hurry. Just enjoy the moment.
(adjective) existing in sufficient amount, quantity or number
Example: In occasions like this, food and wine are plenty.
Note: ‘Plenty’ is usually followed by ‘of’ then a noun comes after.

7. Pollution noun [puh-loo-shuhn]
the act or process of introducing harmful substances or pollutants into the air, soil, or water
Example: Too much pollution in the air is bad for our health.
Note: How can we reduce pollution in the environment?

8. President noun [prez-i-duhnt]
the elected chief executive officer or head of a republic or a firm or a corporation
Example: The president is always under the criticism of the people.
Note: Who is the president of the United States of America?

9. Project noun [proj-ekt, -ikt]
a major undertaking that requires a lot of effort; a plan, scheme or a proposal; a particular extensive task being undertaken by a students or a group of student
Example: We need more employees who can work on this new project with us.
(verb)
to throw, thrust or impel outward or forward
Example: He projected his arrow onto him like a pro.
to make an image appear on a surface
Example: Yes, the image is quite small but once it’s projected, it’ll be bigger.
Note: Have you ever worked on a very big or difficult project?

10. Quality noun [kwol-i-tee]
a distinctive or distinguishing characteristic or attribute
Example: A thorough evaluation of their performance will surely show their quality of teaching.
a degree of excellence or superiority
Example: Those expensive bags are really of good quality.
Note:‘Quality’ can also be used as an adjective which means having a superb or excellent quality.

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■middle ■network ■organization ■miniature ■plenty
■moment ■pollution ■president ■quality ■project


_________________ 1. the act or process of introducing harmful substances or pollutants into the air, soil, or water
_________________ 2. a small copy, model or image that represents something; a greatly reduced copy of something
_________________ 3. being fully equipped with supply or an amount; abundant in goods, luxuries or time
_________________ 4. a distinctive or distinguishing characteristic or attribute
_________________ 5. the point that’s equally distant to the outer limits or extremes
_________________ 6. a major undertaking that requires a lot of effort; a plan, schemeor a proposal; a particular extensive task being undertaken by a student or a group of students
_________________ 7. a complex system or interconnected group or systems or people especially over a large area
_________________ 8. the elected chief executive officer or head of a republic or a firm or a corporation
_________________ 9. a systematic structure; people that were organized into a group for a specific purpose or some work
_________________ 10. an instant; a brief or short indefinite period of time; a particular point in time, esp. the present time; a definite important or significant period in the course or series of events

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. He was asked to propose a new ____________ that would make their advertisement more effective. This task would indeed entail lots of effort on their part.

a. network
b. organization
c. project
d. miniature

2. Being the __________ of the country, he should exercise authority to improve the country’s situation.

a. mayor
b. president
c. superior
d. subordinate

3. We must maintain the _________ of our products for the satisfaction of our customers.

a. quality
b. appearance
c. packaging
d. exterior

4. There were some cute _______________ displayed in her living room. They were actually small-sized figures of them.

a. caricatures
b. miniatures
c. collages
d. paintings

5. There’s already a lot of bad substances in the air. ______________ is indeed a very big problem of the society.

a. pollution
b. precipitation
c. population
d. palpitation