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17:英検対策1級(Eiken Grade 1)

10: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 10

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Backlog noun [bak-lawg, -log]
an accumulation of work that is not completed yet
■Example: The company has been trying to clear its backlog of repairs and maintenance since spring of this year.
□Note: Financial. Backlog also means the total value of unfilled orders. The backlog can help a company estimate its future earnings or other performance more accurately.

2. Collation noun [kuh-ley-shuhn]
the act of gathering or arranging in the proper sequence or order, such as the pages of a report or the sheets of a book
■Example: My boss puts more emphasis on the collation of data than the collection of it.
□Note: Collation also means a light informal meal which is permitted on fast days

3. Counterfeit adjective [koun-ter-fit]
an imitation or a copy made to deceive or defraud
■Example: American police have seized more than 100 counterfeit pieces of art bought by collectors for millions of dollars.
□Note: It also means to pretend.

4. Forgery noun [fawr-juh-ree, fohr-]
the illegal production of a work that is claimed to be genuine or original
■Example: In 2003, the museum discovered the original artwork had been replaced with a forgery after an art collector reported it was being offered for sale in New York.
□Note: In law, forgery is the false making or changing of any document, intending that anyone will accept it as original

5. Asylum noun [uh-sahy-luhm]
an old name for an institution for the care of people, especially those with physical or mental impairments that need organized assistance or guidance.
■Example: This building is the oldest asylum in this country.
□Note: It also means safety or protection granted by a government to a political refugee from another country.

6. Haven noun [hey-vuhn]
a place of safety or rest; a sanctuary
■Example: Many biologists considered Ossabaw Island as a haven for sea turtles because the island is basically undeveloped.
□Note: It also means a harbor or port.

7. Hub noun [huhb]
a center of activity or interest
■Example: Lots of advertisements promote the future state-of-the-art hub or the “Technohouse”. Local channels show the advertisements regularly.
□Note: The word hub also means the central part of a wheel, fan or a propeller

8. Venue noun [ven-yoo]
the scene of any event or action
■Example: The venue of the meeting is room 516 on the 3rd floor of ABC building.
□Note: In law, venue is the designation, in the pleading, of the jurisdiction where a trial will be held.

9. Vicinity noun [vi-sin-i-tee]
a surrounding, adjacent, or nearby area
■Example: The authorities say that the killer may still be in this vicinity.
□Note: Related words: locality, neck of the woods, neighborhood

10. Validity noun [vuh-lid-i-tee]
the quality of being valid or being based on truth
■Example: Her arguments about reproductive health have no scientific validity.
□Note: Synonyms: genuineness, lawfulness

Part2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■backlog  ■collation ■counterfeit  ■forgery ■asylum
■haven  ■hub ■venue  ■vicinity ■validity


____________________1. the act of gathering or arranging in the proper sequence or order, such as the pages of a report or the sheets of a book
____________________2. the illegal production of something counterfeit
____________________3. a place of safety or rest; a sanctuary
____________________4. an accumulation of work that is not completed yet
____________________5. a center of activity or interest
____________________6. a surrounding, adjacent, or nearby area
____________________7. the quality of being valid or being based on truth
____________________8. the scene of any event or action
____________________9. an old name for an institution for the care of people
____________________10. an imitation or a copy made to deceive or defraud

Part2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. When the leader of the syndicate was arrested last year, many people thought his capture marked the beginning of the end of the million-dollar illegal trade of _____________________ money.

a. haven      b. genuine      c. legal      d.counterfeit


2. The two countries that are set to take part in the tennis tournament for the first time have criticized the switch of ____________________. The Sports Council apologized for the inconvenience it caused the two countries.

a. vicinity      b. venue      c. validity      d. asylum


3. The government declares that Somalia must not further become a safe ___________ for terrorists. According to them, the terrorist movements that control much of the country are becoming more powerful.

a. haven      b. asylum     c. hub      d.venue


4. Many investors from Taiwan and Hong Kong spent about 380 million dollars for the improvement of the National Stadium, which will be the ________________ for the opening and closing ceremonies for the new soccer league.

a. haven      b. asylum     c. hub      d.venue


5. According to the witnesses, the explosion happened within seconds. Police are carefully investigating forensic evidence and closed circuit television footage (CCTV) from the _____________________ of the explosion.

a. vicinity      b. hub      c. validity      d. asylum


6. The labels on the mattresses stated that they follow the law of current fire safety regulations but the _________________ of this statement is in much doubt because the mattresses failed the safety test. Authorities warned consumers to be on guard when buying heavily discounted goods.

a. validity    b. vicinity      c. counterfeit      d. haven


7. The police discovered that the original artwork in the museum had been replaced with a ____________________ after a nanonymous letter from an art collector was received. It reported that it was being offered for sale in one of the major cities of the country. The art collector did not specifically give the exact location of the place.

a. counterfeit     b. forgery      c. validity      d. hub


8. Many people protested after the country granted _________________ to Mr. Fronz, who faces extradition over questions of alleged sexual offences. Mr. Fronz denies any charges against him.

a. forgery     b. reward      c. validity     d. asylum


9. Syria’s second largest city and its commercial ________________, Aleppo, has been classified by UNESCO as a world heritage site because of its rich culture and priceless architectural treasures.

a. haven     b. collation     c. hub      d. venue


10. After hundreds of millions of people suffered from a massive power outage for almost a week, some of the country's railway network has started its operation again, but as expected, the service will not be sufficient and there is a huge __________________ to clear.

a. backlog      b. collation      c. validity     d. forgery