難易度:上級

17:英検対策1級(Eiken Grade 1)

12: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 12

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Contagious adjective [kuhn-tey-juhs]
capable of being transmitted with an individual or object; tending to spread from person to person
■Examples: The common cold is a very contagious disease. The happy feeling was contagious in the room.

2. Epidemic adjective [ep-i-dem-ik]
affecting many people at the same time in an area; widespread
■Example: Malaria has become an epidemic due to the consistent flooding recently.

3. Endemic adjective [en-dem-ik]
exclusively belonging to a place or a person; native; indigenous
■Example: Pandas are endemic to China.

4. Infectious adjective [in-fek-shuhs]
tending to spread from one person to another or one part of the body to another; causing infection
■Example: Isolation wards are designed to keep infectious germs from spreading throughout the hospital.

5. Infested adjective [in-fest-id]
lived in by unwanted animals to a troublesome degree; to have many of something undesirable
■Example: The ancestral house was infested with termites because of poor maintenance.

6. Pandemic adjective [pan-dem-ik]
large epidemic; affecting a whole country, continent, or the whole world
■Example: The Black Death pandemic in 1350 is estimated to have killed 30 to 60 per cent of Europe’s entire population.

7. Pervasive adjective [per-vey-siv]
present in all parts of something; spreading to all parts
■Example: The issue has grown to be pervasive throughout the whole office but no one could figure out a good solution.

8. Rife adjective [rahyf]
occurring widespread and frequently
■Example: Bullying is rife in elementary schools nowadays.

9. Contemplative adjective [kuhn-tem-pluh-tiv, kon-tuhm-pley-, -tem-]
causing or involving deep thought
■Examples: The atmosphere in libraries is always silent and contemplative for students. He was contemplative about his decision to change careers.

10. Scrupulous adjective [skroo-pyuh-luhs]
very careful, precise, or exact
■Example: The doctor proceeded with his operation with scrupulous hands.

Part2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■Contagious  ■Epidemic ■Endemic  ■Infectious ■Infested
■Pandemic  ■Pervasive ■Rife  ■Contemplative ■Scrupulous


_________________ 1. Present in all parts of something
_________________ 2. Exclusively belonging to a place or a person
_________________ 3. Lived in by unwanted animals to a troublesome degree; to have many of something undesirable
_________________ 4. Occurring widespread and frequently
_________________ 5. Causing or involving deep thought
_________________ 6. Affecting many people at the same time in an area
_________________ 7. Very careful, precise, or exact
_________________ 8. Affecting a whole country, continent, or the whole world
_________________ 9. Capable of being transmitted with an individual or object
_________________ 10. Tending to spread from one person to another or one part of the body to another

Part2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Musical composition requires a lot of sensitive and _______________ work. One must be in touch with his or her senses in order to create something that is beautiful and pleasing to the ears.

a. rife      b. epidemic      c. contemplative     d. contagious


2. A _______________ disease that started in China in the middle of the 19th century spread to several continents and killed 10 million in India alone. The cause and cure for the said disease remained unknown.

a. pandemic     b. scrupulous     c. infested     d. pervasive


3. Corruption has become so _______________ in the local government sector that it has become a burden to the people. It has led to the loss of trust in government officials. It’s a societal problem that is difficult to defeat because corruption starts at home.

a. epidemic     b. pervasive     c. infectious      d. contemplative


4. Police Commissioner Gordon, despite his age, remains vigilant in pursuing and detering crime and injustice that is _______________ within the city streets and alleyways of Gotham City. The crime rate drastically decreased ever since he got promoted to the position.

a. contagious      b. epidemic      c. infested      d. rife


5. Smallpox was one of the earliest _______________ diseases that spread as early as 10,000 BCE. In 1979, the World Health Organization declared it to be eradicated, making it the only known disease to be called as such.

a. epidemic     b. scrupulous     c. contemplative      d. infested


6. The ballet group’s _______________ performance awed the audience and immediately increased their renown among the nation’s most celebrated performers. If the group will continue such excellence in their craft, they’ll surely be invited to perform in different countries all over the world.

a. endemic      b. scrupulous     c. rife      d. pandemic


7. The festive mood and merrymaking is exceptionally _______________ during this season as everyone hangs decorations outside their houses to take part in the celebration. It’s as if the joy spreads quickly from one person to another and from one home to another.

a. epidemic     b. endemic      c. contemplative     d. contagious


8. The entire field has been discovered to be _______________ with snails that feed on the crops leaves and wither the plants.

a. contagious     b. rife     c. pandemic      d. infested


9. The newly-designed building is equipped with air filters to prevent the passage of _______________ germs to keep our employees healthy and fit for work. Hopefully, all offices will have these air filters to ensure the well-being of their workers, which in turn brings about higher productivity and efficiency.

a. infectious     b. infested      c. pervasive     d. contagious


10. Malaria is a/an _______________ in many areas of Africa. For this reason, a protective mutation called the sickle cell trait has been found in existence within the local population. That is why foreigners who wish to go to the country receive shots before going there.

a. contagious     b. endemic      c. pandemic     d. epidemic