難易度:上級

17:英検対策1級(Eiken Grade 1)

14: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 14

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Condone transitive verb [kuhn-dohn]
to regard or treat (something bad or blameworthy) as acceptable, forgivable, or harmless
■Example: Your silence means that you condone him physically abusing her.
□Note: Synonyms are forgive, disregard, shrug off

2. Epitomize verb [ih-pit-uh-mahyz]
to be a personification of; typify; to serve as the typical or ideal example of
■Example: Their family epitomizes the financial difficulties of the nation.
□Note: Can a teenage mom epitomize the qualities of being a responsible parent?

3. Fluctuate transitive verb [fluhk-choo-eyt]
to cause to rise and fall or vary irregularly; to shift back and forth uncertainly
■Example: The value of US dollars will definitely fluctuate multiple times this year.
□Note: Latin fluctuatus, past participle of fluctuare, from fluctusflow, wave, from fluere — more at FLUID

4. Forgo verb [fawr-goh]
to abstain or refrain from; do without
■Example: I will forgo buying myself a pair of shoes, and save up for a vacation instead.
□Note: Synonyms for this word are forbear, sacrifice, forsake

5. Frisk verb \ˈfrisk\
to move about briskly and playfully; frolic
■Example: The scene required the characters to frisk around the stage.
□Note: It is also a term used in criminal law to refer to the superficial running of the hands over the body of an individual by a law enforcement agent or official in order to determine whether such individual is holding an illegal object, such as a weapon or narcotics.

6. Insulate verb [in-suh-leyt, ins-yuh-]
to place in an isolated situation or condition ; segregate.
■Example: We can use a long counter to insulate the dining area.
□Note: To insulate is one way to alter, change or modify

7. Liquidate verb [lik-wi-deyt]
to make clear, to do away with, to convert (assets) into cash
■Example: The company needs to liquidate all their assets to pay outstanding debts.
□Note: Synonyms for the word are convert, reimburse, or discharge

8. Meander verb [mee-an-der]
to take a winding course or wander aimlessly
■Example: You have to meander slowly through the underground river to see its true beauty.
□Note: It can also mean to speak in a rambling manner.

9. Meddle verb [med-l]
to intrude in someone else's life or business; to become involved in something that does not concern you
■Example: It’s best not to meddle with things you have no idea about.
□Note: Similar words are to pry, interfere, and to intervene.

10. Pamper verb [pam-per]
to treat with extreme or excessive care and attention
to cater to
■Example: Pamper yourself with different massages to keep you relaxed and free from stress.
□Note: Can you think of ways to pamper someone who’s pregnant?

Part2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■Condone  ■Epitomize ■Fluctuate  ■Forgo ■Frisk
■Insulate  ■Liquidate ■Meander  ■Meddle ■Pamper


__________ 1. To make clear, to do away with, to convert (assets) into cash
__________ 2. to regard or treat (something bad or blameworthy) as acceptable, forgivable, or harmless
__________ 3. To cause to rise and fall or vary irregularly; to shift back and forth uncertainly
__________ 4. To treat with extreme or excessive care and attention
__________ 5. To place in an isolated situation or condition ; segregate
__________ 6. To abstain or refrain from; do without
__________ 7. To intrude in someone else's life or business; to become involved in something that does not concern you
__________ 8. To take a winding course or wander aimlessly
__________ 9. To move about briskly and playfully; frolic
__________ 10. To be a personification of; typify; to serve as the typical or ideal example of

Part2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Her spending a significant amount of time transporting her school-age children to their youth sporting events or other activities perfectly ____________ soccer moms.

a. liquidates     b. fluctuates    c. epitomizes    d. pampers


2. It’s almost Christmas and the atmosphere causes us to be happy, giddy and even sometimes makes me want to __________ around carelessly.

a. forgo     b.  fluctuate    c. frisk     d. condone


3. Family issues and conflicts are better resolved if kept within the family. The moment a neighbor or even friends ________ in the situation, the bigger the conflict gets.

a. insulate    b. meddle     c. forgo      d. frisk


4. Some people tend to choose loud music and disturb other people. I heard that soundproofing your room is very effective in both making you happy with your music and giving other people their private space. So to_______ your room, using fiberglass is suggested.

a. forgo      b. insulate      c. epitomize      d. condone


5. All of us experience inconsistent readings in our blood pressure throughout the day; this doesn’t immediately mean that you have high blood pressure. It is natural for our blood pressure to _________ as it corresponds with our circadian rhythm.

a. condone     b. frisk      c. fluctuate     d. epitomize


6. There’s so much to see around the world, so much to discover, to explore, and to experiment with, and the best way to do that is to _________ and surprise yourself with how much more our world has to offer.

a. meander     b. meddle      c. forgo      d. fluctuate


7. We should always speak our minds, especially when something wrong is being tolerated; maintaining silence is to ____________ actions and oppress those who are weak.

a. condone    b. meander     c. frisk     d. epitomize


8. Some businessmen fail due to outstanding debts, and this would sometimes resort in __________all their properties, and shutting down.

a. forgoing      b. condoning     c. fluctuating      d. liquidating


9. There are different recommended diets to stay fit and healthy. Some people would have to eat less protein, and some would even _______ dessert just to stick to their diet, but whatever the diet may be, it should be paired with a healthy lifestyle and exercise programs.

a. liquidate     b. condone      c. forgo      d. frisk


10. Pregnancy is a very delicate phase that sets tons and tons of limitations. Though this may be a down side, the best part is you get to relax and ______ yourself in a lot of ways.

a. insulate     b. meddle      c. pamper      d. meander