17：英検対策1級（Eiken Grade 1）
24: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 24
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to take firmly with the hand and maintain a hold on
■Example: I usually clench my teeth and cover my ears everytime I hear something screechy.
□Note: To clench means to hold tight while clinch means to settle conclusively.
2. Perish verb [per-ish]
to disappear or be destroyed
to perish is to suffer death, ruin or destruction.
■Example: The beggar will definitely perish due to hunger and the extremely cold temperatures.
□Note: You may hear the phrase “perish the thought”; this means that you hope that something does not happen or to say that something will not happen.
3. Ransack verb [ran-sak]
to search thoroughly, to examine closely and carefully
to search (a place) for something in a way that causes disorder or damage
Ransack means to search through carefully and completely, or search for something to steal.
■Example: The plan for the robbery was to ransack the place quickly, to avoid being caught.
□Note: Words that mean the opposite of the word ransack are; care for, clean, neaten, and tidy.
4. Heave verb [heev]
to lift or pull (something) with effort, to throw (something) with effort
■Example: He tried to heave the pine tree back home, and it took him almost an hour to do so.
□Note: The word can also mean to breathe in and breathe out (a sigh) in a slow or loud way.
5. Wrench verb [rench]
to move with a violent twist; also : to undergo twisting, to pull or strain at something
■Example: Wrench their best player’s ankle so we can defeat them in the game tomorrow.
□Note: A wrench can also be a tool with jaws used for holding, turning or twisting.
6. Beckon verb [bek-uhn]
to signal (someone) with your arm or hand in order to tell that person to come closer or follow
The meaning of beckon is to call over silently or with a gesture.
■Example: I can hear the waves beckoning me to surf again.
□Note: If you beckon someone about 5 feet away from you, do you think he/she will notice you?
7. Deploy verb [dih-ploi]
to get into combat position; to organize and send out (people or things) to be used for a particular purpose
■Example: The platoon leaders will deploy their platoons early tomorrow morning.
□Note: Where do you want the government to deploy you?
8. Detonate verb [det-n-eyt]
to explode violently and noisily, to set off in a burst of activity
■Example: It was a good thing that the suicide bomber failed to detonate the bomb.
□Note: The word detonate comes from the French word détoner - to explode, and from the Latin word detonare, which means to expend thunder.
9. Dispatch verb [dih-spach]
to send (someone or something) quickly to a particular place for a particular purpose
■Example: Four nurses were sent for dispatch near the war zone, to give medical aid to the victims.
□Note: Antonyms for the word dispatch are slow, retention, and hold back.
10. Encompass verb [en-kuhm-puhs]
to include (something) as a part
to shut in all around; surround; encircle
■Example: A city will have to encompass a bigger land area than a town, probably three times bigger.
□Note: What do you think a birth class should encompass?
Part2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
______________1. to take firmly with the hand and maintain a hold on
______________2. to signal (someone) with your arm or hand in order to tell that person to come closer or follow
______________3. to disappear or be destroyed; to perish is to suffer death, ruin or destruction.
______________4. to get into combat position; to organize and send out (people or things) to be used for a particular purpose
______________5. to search thoroughly, to examine closely and carefully; to search (a place) for something in a way that causes disorder or damage
______________6. to explode violently and noisily, to set off in a burst of activity
______________7. to lift or pull (something) with effort, to throw (something) with effort
______________8. to send (someone or something) quickly to a particular place for a particular purpose
______________9. to move with a violent twist; also : to undergo twisting, to pull or strain at something
______________10. to include (something) as a part; to shut in all around; surround; encircle
Part2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. A nod was to ________ my 6-year-old brother to stop playing and head home for dinner. Though he obeyed immediately, the funny thing was he brought his friends home with him. Good thing we had plenty of food for dinner. Altogether, we had a grand time.
a. beckon b. heave c. wrench d. perish
2. It’s almost Christmas, and now is the perfect time to go out there and choose the perfect pine tree to bring home and decorate. By doing so, you will need help to __________ the pine tree you have chosen. You’ll need at least three people to help you bring it home.
a. wrench b. heave c. ransack d. dispatch
3. The victim didn’t realize that she was robbed until she saw her cluttered bedroom. The burglar is definitely responsible for __________ the room, because he did not know exactly where the money was kept.
a. ransacking b. dispatching c. clenching d. heaving
4. It takes years to have a tree grow to its fullest extent, and it takes only minutes for man to destroy it. The trees will surely ________ due to continuous illegal logging, and soon we humans will have to pay for all of this destruction.
a. dispatch b. heave c. perish d. detonate
5. If you do not have any appointment or scheduled meeting tonight, let’s watch the theatrical show.It promises to __________ the different genres of theater, dancing, and singing. I have four tickets with me, so if you have two more friends you want to invite, you are most welcome to come with us.
a. encompass b. wrench c. deploy d. dispatch
6. For the scheduled birthday party this afternoon, I requested the balloon guy to ____________ the balloons well together to make perfect figures. I also requested the face painter to make sure that he has plenty of face paint. I hope everything goes well at the party later.
a. perish b. deploy c. wrench d. detonate
7. Earlier while you were arguing about your scheduled vacation, he just sat there and kept quiet. He may seem calm in the face but I saw him _________ his fist into a ball. He definitely is upset, so I guess it’s better to wait for things to calm down before approaching him.
a. ransack b. beckon c. clench d. deploy
8. The heavy rain did not cease anytime today; the water level has been continuously rising.The government has now requested to ____________ rubber boats and amphibian government vehicles to the flooded areas. Hopefully they can save as many lives as possible.
a. beckon b. dispatch c. heave d. detonate
9. This evening, a suicide bomber attempted to drive his car into the village’s police station when his bomb prematurely __________. The bomb detonated 100meters from the station. The suicide bomber died, but no one else was reported hurt.
a. ransacked b. perished c. detonated d. heaved
10. The superiors suggested to __________all weapons in the northern region of the country where troops have been on post since this morning. Hopefully the weapons will arrive no later than 1600h .
a. wrench b. ransack c. deploy d. heave