17：英検対策1級（Eiken Grade 1）
28: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 28
Part 1: Vocabulary words
lying flat or face down; reduced to so much weakness and incapacitation or helplessness
■Example: As new Christian converts, they cannot be seen prostrate on the ground worshipping any supposed deity anymore.
□Note: It comes from the Middle English word ‘prostrat’, the Latin ‘prostratus’, the past participle of ‘prostemere’, which means to throw prone.
2. obligatory adjective [uh-blig-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee, ob-li-guh-]
required or imposed as an obligation; legally or morally compelling; compulsory
■Example: No one in the family can ever break the tradition since it has become obligatory.
□Note: What do you consider obligatory in your life right now?
3. oblivious adjective [uh-bliv-ee-uhs]
forgetful; unmindful; unaware
■Example: He tends to offend people around him because he’s so oblivious of how they feel.
□Note: What might happen if someone crossing the street was oblivious of what’s happening around him/her?
4. teeming adjective [tee-ming]
to be abundant, filled with or full of things
■Example: The city was teeming with industry as a supplier of agricultural products.
□Note: Give me some things you’re teeming with.
5. appalled adjective [uh-pawld]
shocked; horrified; filled with horror or dread
■Example: We were appalled by the news that America was attacked by a terrorist group.
□Note: How do you react to appalling things?
6. implicit adjective [im-plis-it]
not directly stated but implied; contained in something’s nature but not obvious
■Example: He has never been aggressive in voicing out his opinion but instead, there has always been an implicit criticism in his voice.
□Note: What does it mean when I say the “anger was implicit”?
7. bellicose adjective [bel-i-kohs]
apt to fight; hostile, unfriendly or antagonistic in manner; quarrelsome
■Example: The sad reality is that people tend to become more bellicose and self-righteous rather than diplomatic when criticized.
□Note: While ‘bellicose’ orients “prone to fighting” towards an individual, ‘belligerent’ refers to an organized body, a political or national entity.
8. vibrant adjective [vahy-bruhnt]
having rapid movement to and from; vibrating; vigorously and energetically pulsating
■Example: Las Vegas is considered to be one of the most vibrant cities in the world with all its lights, casinos and nightlife.
□Note: Do you live in a city with vibrant streets, malls and restaurants?
9. subsequent adjective [suhb-si-kwuhnt]
following in order, time or succession; coming, happening or occurring later or after
■Example: Subsequent debates and discussions are expected to happen in the Upper and Lower Houses after the proposed amendment of the Constitution.
□Note: What was the subsequent event after the earthquake in Japan on March 2011?
10. quell verb [kwel]
to extinguish or suppress; to calm or to quiet
■Example: The army has been trying to quell the rebellion that has been terrorizing the town for more than a decade now.
□Note: ‘Quell’ comes from the Old English word ‘cwellan’, which means “to kill, murder, or execute”.
Part2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
__________ 1. apt to fight; hostile, unfriendly or antagonistic in manner; quarrelsome
__________ 2. to be abundant, filled with or full of things
__________ 3. following in order, time or succession; coming, happening or occurring later or after
__________ 4. shocked; horrified; filled with horror or dread
__________ 5. forgetful; unmindful; unaware
__________ 6. not directly stated but implied; contained in something’s nature but not obvious
__________ 7. to extinguish or suppress; to calm or to quiet
__________ 8. lying flat or face down; reduced to so much weakness and incapacitation or helplessness
__________ 9. required or imposed as an obligation; legally or morally compelling; compulsory
__________ 10. having rapid movement to and from; vibrating; vigorously and energetically pulsating
Part2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Authors write a purpose statement which summarizes the specific topic and goals of the book. Some are obviously stated, but some are so __________ that they need analysis on the reader’s part.
a. vibrant b. oblivious c. implicit d. teeming
2. Some people are just so amazingly ___________ of dangers or perils or unbelievably calm in facing them that they tend to test their limits by going on daring ultimate adventures.
a. teeming b. obligatory c. oblivious d. implicit
3. Everyone’s heart was broken when they saw him, who was known to be a very proud and dignified man, _________ in so much grief from the passing away of his one and only treasured child.
a. obligatory b. oblivious c. prostrate d. implicit
4. Independent Arab TV channels became increasingly ___________ and divisive when many satellite channels contributed to the consolidation of savage and diabolic methods that never result in the alteration of the interlocutor’s beliefs, nor in the slightest acceptance that the other party might be right.
a. bellicose b. prostrate c. appalled d. implicit
5. It was one of the most active and __________ groups that tried to challenge the rotting political system of their country, until it fell apart after their highly-esteemed leader passed away.
a. vibrant b. subsequent c. oblivious d. obligatory
6. The World Energy Council states that oceans are _________ with opportunities, estimating that the global potential of wave energy is one terawatt, which is, in fact, equal to the output of a thousand power plants.
a. appalled b. teeming c. bellicose d. vibrant
7. Saudi Arabia mobilized 10,000 security personnel into its north eastern Shia Muslim provinces to ____________ the “day of rage”, which was called the “Hunayan Revolution”.
a. quell b. subsequent c. appalled d. prostrate
8. In Islamic faith, there are five ____________ works generally known as the “Five Pillars of Islam”. Muhammad was purported to have defined these pillars according to some traditions.
a. obligatory b. oblivious c. appalled d. bellicose
9. John Churchill’s victories on the battle fields ensured him a place in history as one of Europe’s great generals. However, his wife’s rocky and stormy relationship with the Queen and her ____________ dismissal from the court, led to his downfall.
a. implicit b. obligatory c. teeming d. subsequent
10. Christof Heyns, the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, was deeply ____________ and deplored by the high level of executions Iraq carried out in a week.
a. prostrate b. vibrant c. appalled d. subsequent