17：英検対策1級（Eiken Grade 1）
30: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 30
Part 1: Vocabulary words
ranked in a lower order; in a lower or inferior class; under one’s authority
■Example: In any team sport, an individual’s exaltation is subordinate to group achievement.
□Note: Why do you think a good boss should be a good subordinate first?
2. Succumb verb [suh-kuhm]
to submit to a superior force
■Example: His grandmother succumbed to cancer and breathed her last breath in the arms of her one and only grandchild.
□Note: Why do you think it’s easy for some people to succumb to their problems?
3. Tally verb [tal-ee]
to mark or to record by making a mark; to agree or correspond
■Example: They make inventories by tallying all the delivered supplies accordingly.
□Note: It comes from the Latin word ‘talea’, which means “a cutting, rod or stick“.
4. Teeter verb [tee-ter]
to unsteadily walk or move
■Example: Many small farmers have already been teetering on the verge of bankruptcy even before the pest attack.
□Note: ‘Teeter’ is another word for ‘seesaw’.
5. Tout verb [tout]
to persistently solicit votes, business, customers, employment, support
■Example: The streets are full of street vendors touting passers-by to buy their goods for unbelievably low prices.
□Note: It comes from the Middle English word ‘tuten’, which means ‘to look out or peer’.
6. Traverse verb [trav-ers, truh-vurs]
to travel, pass or move across, over, or through; to move to and fro over and along
■Example: Keep your eyes open for the safest point in the river where we can traverse.
□Note: It comes from the Old French word ‘traverser’, which means ‘to cross or thwart’.
7. Veer verb [veer]
to change direction, about or aside from a course, purpose or position
■Example: It seems like an endless discussion because everyone is veering from the issue at hand.
□Note: It comes from the Middle French word ‘virer’, which means ‘to turn’.
8. Veto verb [vee-toh]
the power or right vested in one branch or department of government to refuse the approval of propositions by another branch or department
■Example: The chief executive vetoed the bill that might ruin the moral values of his people.
□Note: It is also called ‘veto power’.
9. Weather verb [weth-er]
to discolor or disintegrate through exposure to the air, atmosphere or weather or any actions of elements; to endure or resist exposure to the weather; to come safely through dangers, troubles, or difficult times
■Example: She weathered the most difficult time of her life with so much grace.
□Note: What did you feel after weathering the toughest of times?
10. Gratuity noun [gruh-too-i-tee, -tyoo-]
a favor or gift of money as payment or return for service
■Example: Some hotels and restaurants include a gratuity in the price of service, thus, a tip is not necessary.
□Note: Do you have the culture of giving a gratuity in return for a favor?
Part2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
__________ 1. to persistently solicit votes, business, customers, employment, support
__________ 2. to unsteadily walk or move
__________ 3. to change direction, about or aside from a course, purpose or position
__________ 4. to mark or to record by making a mark
__________ 5. a favor or gift of money as payment or return for a service
__________ 6. to submit to a superior force
__________ 7. to discolor or disintegrate through exposure to the air, atmosphere or weather or any actions of elements; to endure or resist exposure to the weather; to come safely through dangers, troubles, or difficult times
__________ 8. to travel, pass or move across, over, or through; to move to and fro over and along
__________ 9. ranked in a lower order; in a lower or inferior class; under one’s authority
__________ 10. the power or right vested in one branch or department of government to refuse approval of propositions by another branch or department
Part2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Surprisingly, none of the 50 passengers were injured in the accident after the bus driver suddenly lost control of the steering wheel, making the bus ___________ sharply to the right, almost crashing into the cars on the opposite side of the road.
a. tout b. weather c. succumb d. veer
2. The most challenging part of the research survey process is analyzing survey results not just because the survey administrator should __________ up survey results in such a way that the data is amenable to statistical analysis, but also because taking into consideration the possibility of oversight in the survey-taking process is a must.
a. weather b. veto c. traverse d. tally
3. After rendering long years of loyal service, employees can only look forward to the ___________ they will receive from their companies upon retirement; however, the amount rarely meets their expectations.
a. subordinate b. tally c. gratuity d. weather
4. To _________ a bill, the bill with an appended signed note explaining why the president refuses to approve the legislation should be returned to the Congress within 10 days. Failure to do so means that the bill will be passed by default.
a. veto b. veer c. tout d. succumb
5. His financial consultant advised him to institute employee furloughs to help the company _____________ the financial storm without having to lay off workers and abolish departments.
a. weather b. traverse c. teeter d. tout
6. After firmly holding on to his sanity after almost two decades of living up to his parents’ expectations, he finally _____________ to pressure that psychiatric help was much needed.
a. tallied b. succumbed c. touted d. veered
7. That huge piece of metal that is ____________ on top of the unstable tower is posing a huge threat to passers-by since it’s expected to drop anytime onto the base.
a. touting b. succumbing c. teetering d. traversing
8. The political and business leaders of Michigan ___________ shale gas, saying that it can create tens of thousands of high-paying manufacturing jobs, boost economic output and generate tax revenues.
a. tout b. veto c. veer d. traverse
9. The Golden Gate Bridge, a suspension bridge that ___________the North American strait of Golden Gate, had the world’s tallest suspension towers when it was built until the completion of bridges in Denmark and Japan.
a. teeters b. traverses c. tallies d. touts
10. Great leaders should incorporate motivation into the regular work day routine so as to build a more productive team that helps ______________ work to their full potential, thus, meeting elusive personal, career and professional growth goals.
a. gratuities b. vetoes c. subordinates d. teeters