難易度:上級

17:英検対策1級(Eiken Grade 1)

34: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 34

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Mentor noun [men-tawr, -ter]
an adviser, a counsellor, a guide or a teacher that is trusted and wise
■Example: The young trainer is under so much pressure in his preparation for his training program for selected mentors of the town.
□Note: Who do you consider as the greatest mentor in your life?

2. Novice noun [nov-is]
a person who is a beginner to an activity or circumstances
■Example: Even though a novice in this field, he was still offered a high salary by the company because they saw great potential in him.
□Note: As a novice learner, what do you think you should do to have an edge over the others who are also beginners?

3. Recluse noun [rek-loos, ri-kloos]
a person who isolates, secludes or withdraws himself from the world
■Example: After the divorce, he remained a recluse for a very long time to avoid the curious eyes of the people.
□Note: Why do you think some people prefer being a recluse?

4. Surrogate noun [sur-uh-geyt, -git, suhr]
an appointed person to take the place of another; a substitute or a replacement
■Example: Though he never met his surrogate mother, he’ll always be thankful for all the sacrifices she gave just for him to be brought into this world.
□Note: Is it acceptable in your society to have a surrogate mother if the biological mother is not healthy enough to bear the child in her womb?

5. Throng noun [thrawng, throng]
a large group of people crowded or assembled together
■Example: A throng of spectators are expected to storm the stadium for the highly anticipated debate.
□Note: Would you join a throng of people walking in the streets for a certain cause even though it may be dangerous?

6. Peer noun [peer]
a person of equal standing with another or of the same legal status, abilities, qualifications, age or background
■Example: Peer tutoring proved to be helpful in enforcing learning among teenagers.
□Note: How can you define peer pressure?

7. Prodigy noun [prod-i-jee]
a person having exceptional talents, abilities or powers
■Example: Blaise Pascal was considered to be a child prodigy who was mentored by his father.
□Note: How do we help develop a musical prodigy?

8. Counterpart noun [koun-ter-pahrt]
one that closely resembles another, especially in functions or characteristics; a copy
■Example: Japan’s prime minister is the counterpart of our president.
□Note: Do you have Michael Jackson’s counterpart in Japan?

9. Aptitude noun [ap-ti-tood, -tyood]
an inherent capability or ability to acquire or learn something
■Example: Even though he was under educated, he showed a great aptitude for engineering skills.
□Note: Most companies give aptitude tests instead of achievement tests because achievement tests can only measure what the person has already learned but not the capability of a person to learn.

10. Caliber noun [kal-uh-ber]
degree of worth, merit or excellence
■Example: Even though quite expensive, the couple decided to send all their 3 children to top-caliber schools in their city.
□Note: It comes from the word ‘calibre’, which means “degree of merit or importance”.

Part2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■mentor ■novice ■recluse  ■surrogate ■throng
■peer  ■prodigy ■counterpart  ■aptitude ■caliber


__________ 1. a person who is a beginner to an activity or circumstance
__________ 2. an inherent capability or ability to acquire or learn something
__________ 3. an adviser, a counsellor, a guide or a teacher that is trusted and wise
__________ 4. one that closely resembles another, especially in functions or characteristics; a copy
__________ 5. an appointed person to take the place of another; a substitute or a replacement
__________ 6. degree of worth, merit or excellence
__________ 7. a large group of people crowded or assembled together
__________ 8. a person having exceptional talents, abilities or powers
__________ 9. a person who isolates, secludes or withdraws himself from the world
__________ 10. a person of equal standing with another or of the same legal status, abilities, qualifications, age or background

Part2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Ted Kaczynski, also known as the “Unabomber”, was actually a child ____________ who excelled academically from an early age. At the age of 16, he was accepted into Harvard University. However, in the year 1996, he was arrested by FBI officers for alleged bombings and killings.

a. prodigy      b. novice      c. mentor      d. peer


2. A lot of stories have been heard about the spiritual lives of ____________ monks. Perhaps, living a secluded life and meditating everyday make them more attached to their spirituality, thus, giving way to supernatural experiences.

a. prodigy      b. counterpart      c. reclusive    d. peer


3. For 5 long years, I worked for an executive of low ____________ so when I moved to a new company, I was dumb-founded by how elite executives really work. Perhaps it’s about time for me to look for more career growth opportunities.

a. caliber     b. counterpart      c. surrogate      d. aptitude


4. At a seminar I attended, the speaker said that growing a technology business with your _____________ can be advantageous because good partnerships that are built in trust can mean success.

a. novice     b. peer     c. surrogate      d. recluse


5. It was said that the German Girls’ League was the female _____________ of the Hitler Youth. Its full title was actually the League of German Girls in the Hitler Youth. They say that its membership was made compulsory to train women for their German roles in German society: wife, mother and homemaker.

a. recluse     b. surrogate     c. aptitude      d. counterpart


6. In Buddhism, it’s the teacher’s role to point out the ideals and the follower’s role to realize them. During the process, they create a profound closeness to each other, which leads to the oneness of the ____________ and disciple.

a. novice      b. mentor      c. peer     d. recluse


7. Setting up an environment specifically for learning and study and splitting homework into tiny, short-range components are some ways to improve one’s ___________ to learn information and improve one’s grade.

a. aptitude      b. prodigy     c. mentor      d. novice


8. There have been many ethical issues surrounding ____________ motherhood. One of the big ones is that it’s associated with baby-selling because some women charge for a fee after delivery.

a. surrogate     b. prodigy      c. novice     d. mentor


9. A ___________ of people marched past London’s landmarks carrying angry banners emblazoned with “No cuts!” and “Austerity is failing!” in opposition to the government’s cutbacks.

a. throng     b. counterpart     c. aptitude      d. caliber


10. A newbie in a company will not stay a ___________ for a long time unless he opts to. Setting benchmarks for the achievement of your professional goals is necessary for you to grow and mature in the field and level up.

a. aptitude      b. calibre      c. novice     d. surrogate