17：英検対策1級（Eiken Grade 1）
08: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 8
Part 1: Vocabulary words
serving as or showing a sign or an indication, or pointing out; suggestive
■Example: That gesture is indicative of how much respect and gratitude she has for her mom.
□Note: What behaviors are indicative of too much boredom?
2. auspicious adjective [aw-spish-uhs]
marked by promising success or favorable circumstances or fortune
■Example: This event was held for a promising businessmen hoping for an auspicious career in the field.
□Note: What are some factors that actually contribute to an auspicious future?
3. illustrious adjective [ih-luhs-tree-uhs]
renowned and very distinguished; widely or well-known
■Example: Everyone was surprised to know that a commoner like her would marry a man from an illustrious family.
□Note: This word comes from the Latin word ‘illustris’, which means bright, distinguished or famous.
4. pinpoint adjective [pin-point]
accurately exact or precise
■Example: They have predicted the campaign with pinpoint accuracy.
□Note: Pinpoint can also be used as a verb which means to locate, describe, or identify precisely: The first thing to do is to pinpoint what the problem is.
5. eloquent adjective [el-uh-kwuhnt]
characterized by fluency, forcefulness and appropriateness in speech or expression
■Example: He made such a terrific impression on the people when he remained eloquent in the midst of that overly heated debate.
□Note: How can you describe an eloquent person?
6. arduous adjective [ahr-joo-uhs]
demanding or requiring great effort, vigor or energy; challenging to accomplish
■Example: There’s no short cut to success. The road is surely long and arduous.
□Note: It comes from the Latin word ‘arduus’, which means high, steep.
7. laudable adjective [law-duh-buhl]
deserving commendation or praise or admiration
■Example: It was indeed the most laudable performance he has ever done. The audience was just taken aback as soon as he appeared on stage.
□Note: Who do you think is the most laudable leader whoever lived?
8. dainty adjective [deyn-tee]
of delicate charm and beauty; delicately exquisite and pleasing
■Example: His work of art has consistently shown dainty forms and faces that look so real.
□Note: It comes from the Old French word ‘daintie’, which means price, value and also delicacy and pleasure.
9. conducive adjective [kuhn-doo-siv, -dyoo-]
has the tendency to cause, produce, bring about; contribution that is actually favorable
■Example: Special education teachers should make sure that every classroom is conducive to learning.
□Note: This word is usually followed by ‘to’.
10. innocuous adjective [ih-nok-yoo-uhs]
harmless or incapable of bringing about any injuries; without adverse effects; not likely to be irritating or offensive or to provoke strong emotion; not interesting
■Example: In this therapy, you are asked to replace noxious memories with pleasing and innocuous ones.
□Note: It comes from the Latin word ‘innocuus’, which means harmless: in – not + nocuus-hurtful.
Part2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
__________ 1. harmless or incapable of bringing about any injuries; without adverse effects; not likely to be
irritating or offensive or to provoke strong emotion; not interesting
__________ 2. renowned and very distinguished; widely or well-known
__________ 3. has the tendency to cause, produce, bring about; contribution that is actually favorable
__________ 4. serving as or showing a sign or an indication, or pointing out; suggestive
__________ 5. demanding or requiring great effort, vigor or energy; challenging to accomplish
__________ 6. of delicate charm and beauty; delicately exquisite and pleasing
__________ 7. marked by promising success or favorable circumstances or fortune
__________ 8. deserving commendation or praise or admiration
__________ 9. accurately exact or precise
__________ 10. characterized by fluency, forcefulness and appropriateness in speech or expression
Part2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Due to the public prosecutor’s determination to tackle the stereotypes surrounding sexual and domestic violence, there has been a/an ____________ drive to change attitudes towards violence against women.
a. indicative b. arduous c. innocuous d. laudable
2. They were up all week keeping track of the ______________ ups and downs of the stock exchange. Even the almost negligible decimal point should be taken into account to be certain of its precision.
a. auspicious b. eloquent c. dainty d. pinpoint
3. They may look __________ with their cute color and tamed appearance, but as a matter of fact, their bites are among the most lethal ones. Many researchers and animal enthusiasts have found this to be true, for many have already been victims of their poison.
a. arduous b. illustrious c. innocuous d. conducive
4. That island, known for its tremendous vibrancy, is where luxurious hotels are located that host very _____________ guests from all over the world: from the most famous artists to the leaders of different nations.
a. illustrious b. indicative c. auspicious d. pinpoint
5. Psychopathology is the study of behaviors that are_______________ of mental illness and mental distress. These behaviors should be observed keenly so as to diagnose the patient correctly, thus, to come up with a treatment plan most appropriate for the patient.
a. indicative b. laudable c. dainty d. innocuous
6. According to a government white paper that was released, its government needs __________ efforts and a comparatively longer period of time to transform into a major trade country in terms of competitiveness.
a. auspicious b. illustrious c. arduous d. eloquent
7. Pessimism is not ______________ to having a good relationship. Negative thoughts will definitely develop distrust, which can crumble the very foundation of any kind of commitment. When this trust is gone, it is not easily regained.
a. conducive b. laudable c. indicative d. dainty
8. The senatorial candidate threw numerous gatherings in different rural towns long before the election with the hope that this kind of campaign would give him _____________ result in the upcoming poll.
a. an illustrious b. an auspicious c. an innocuous d. an arduous
9. The drinks were delicious; however, the thin glassware was too _________ for such a rowdy and rugged crowd. They should be handled with care or else they’ll break quite easily.
a. dainty b. laudable c. conducive d. innocuous
10. Perhaps, he has passed on to his youngest daughter his way with words that is not only lucid on paper, but also __________ to the listeners. She indeed has a very effective way of speaking in front of crowds, just like her father.
a. indicative b. eloquent c. auspicious d. pinpoint