14：英検対策2級（Eiken Grade 2）
11: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 11
Part 1: Vocabulary words
not likely to happen or occur; not promising; improbable
■Example: It is unlikely that the president would mingle with the impoverished people.
□Note: Give me a thing that is unlikely for you to do.
2. Though conjunction [thoh]
although; in spite of the fact; despite the fact that
■Example: Though he did his best to prepare for the exam, he still didn’t make it.
■Example: He totally hates spicy dishes; he still ate it, though.
□Note: ‘Though’, as a conjunction, can replace ‘although’.
3. Unless conjunction [uhn-les, uhn-]
except in the condition that or under the circumstances that
■Example: I’ll be able to meet the deadline, unless there is another technical problem.
□Note: Rarely, this word can also be used as a ‘preposition’ which means except or but. For example; Nothing else can help, unless euthanasia.
4. Throughout preposition [throo-out]
in, to, through, during or every part of, all through, everywhere in
■Example: They have looked throughout the area, but still, they weren’t able to find the lost child.
in every single part; during the entire moment or time
■Example: He was very serious all throughout the practical examination.
□Note: Have you ever kept quiet all throughout the day?
5. Always adverb [awl-weyz, -weez]
at all times and occasions; at any time or in any event; continuously; forever
■Example: He always visits his grandmother even though he’s always busy at work.
■Example: You can always depend on me.
■Example: The sun will always shine.
□Note: Do you always give your best in everything that you do?
6. Actually adverb [ak-choo-uh-lee]
actual fact; in reality; really
■Example: He has always portrayed the role of a protagonist, but actually, he has a very bad and mean personality.
□Note: ‘Actually’ can also be used to express surprise or wonder: He actually did it!!!
7. Exactly adverb [ig-zakt-lee]
in an exact, precise or accurate manner; in all and every respect
■Example: He painted the Mona Lisa exactly how Da Vinci did it.
■Example: Act exactly as you please.
□Note: ‘Exactly’ can also be used to indicate or express agreement.
8. Moreover adverb [mawr-oh-ve]
beyond what has been said; besides; in addition; to add
■Example: Michael Phelps has won his 22nd Olympic medal. Moreover, he was regarded as the greatest swimmer of all time.
□Note: This word is used as a sentence connector.
9. Usually adjective [yoo-zhoo-uhl, yoozh-wuhl]
habitually or customarily; ordinarily; at most times or under normal conditions
■Example: She’s usually early for work, but today she’s late.
□Note: ‘Usual’ is the adjective form of ‘usually’.
What do you usually do in the morning?
10. Instead adverb [in-sted]
substitute or in replacement of someone or something earlier mentioned; as an alternative
■Example: The vice-president attended the ASEAN meeting instead of the president because he was terminally ill.
■Example: You can use cornstarch instead of flour for covering the chicken.
□Note: Instead of studying, what would you rather do?
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_________________ 1. habitually or customarily; ordinarily; at most times or under normal conditions
_________________ 2. in an exact, precise or accurate manner; in all and every respect
_________________ 3. except in the condition that or under the circumstances that
_________________ 4. beyond what has been said; besides; in addition; to add
_________________ 5. in, to, through, during or every part of, all through, everywhere in
_________________ 6. at all times and occasions; at any time or in any event; continuously; forever
_________________ 7. substitute or in replacement of someone or something earlier mentioned; as an
_________________ 8. although; in spite of the fact; despite the fact that
_________________ 9. actual fact; in reality; really
_________________ 10. not likely to happen or occur; not promising; improbable
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. ___________ everyone was against him, he was still able to prove the he deserves to be in the highest position.
2. He ___________ makes sure that he finishes his tasks before leaving the office. He has never had even a single pending work.
3. He has consistently performed well ____________ the year.
4. He is firm about this decision that he will not quit his job, _______________ his wife and family would tell him to do so.
5. Even though he doesn’t brag about it, everybody knows that he is _____________ the best performing employee in their department.