14：英検対策2級（Eiken Grade 2）
12: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 12
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to the fullest or to a complete degree or extent
■Example: He has completely forgotten everything he learned about Chemistry.
to complete with everything necessary
■Example: Please completely fill out the application form.
□Note: Other words for completely are total and entirely.
2. Nevertheless adverb [nev-er-thuh-les]
however; in spite of that; nonetheless
■Example: She’s handicapped, nevertheless she's so talented and skillful.
□Note: Other words for ‘nevertheless’ are all the same, even so and notwithstanding.
3. Properly adverb [prop-er-lee]
in the right or correct way or manner
■Example: Do your job properly to avoid wasting time on double work.
□Note: This word also means ‘thoroughly’: Wash your clothes properly.
4. Especially adverb [ih-spesh-uh-lee]
with special emphasis to an extent or degree; exceptionally; in particular
■Example: Maintain good health for yourself, especially for your family.
□Note: This word should not be confused with ‘specially’ because ‘specially’ means in a special manner.
5. Eventually adverb [ih-ven-choo-uh-lee]
at some later or unspecified time in the future; at the end; finally
■Example: Eventually, all your dreams will come true. Just be patient.
□Note: It can also mean after a long time or after a long delay. Everybody has been waiting for him to start speaking. Eventually, he did so.
6. Absorb verb [ab-sawrb, -zawrb]
to take in through or to suck up
■Example: Use the sponge to absorb the spilled milk.
to incorporate or to take in the identity or individuality of something or someone
■Example: Our department was absorbed by a bigger department.
to be fully engaged or to involve full attention
■Example: She was so absorbed in the book that she’s reading that she didn’t notice her mom calling her.
□Note: What are some things that can be absorbed?
7. Adapt verb [uh-dapt]
adjust or modify to make something suitable to conditions , requirements, or situations
■Example: I still need to adapt to my new workplace.
□Note: Is it easy for you to adapt to changes in your environment?
8. Adjust verb [uh-juhst]
to make changes to something for it to fit, to correspond, to conform or to match
■Example: After getting married, Neil and Kate had to adjust a lot of things for them to have a good relationship.
to adapt or to become adapted ■Example: Ron had some problems adjusting to the new policies.
□Note: What are some adjustments that one has to make once he steps in to college?
9. Adopt verb [uh-dopt]
to take as or make one’s own by choice or assent
■Example: Since Michael Jackson is his idol, he adopted ‘MJ’ as his nickname.
to legally take and rear a child into one’s family
■Example: Since they don’t have children of their own, they’re considering adopting a child from Uganda.
□Note: We say a child is adopted and they are his adoptive parents, family or home.
10. Afford verb [uh-fawrd, uh-fohrd]
to have the financial means to pay for or buy something
■Example: We can’t question his luxurious lifestyle. He can afford it anyway.
to manage or bear without any risks or unfortunate effects
■Example: We can’t afford to have another natural calamity in our country.
to give up or spare
■Example: Due to his very busy schedule, he can’t afford even a few minutes for a short nap.
□Note: This word’s adjective form is affordable, which means something that’s within one’s financial means.
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_________________ 1. to have the financial means to pay for or buy something
_________________ 2. adjust or modify to make something suitable to conditions , requirements, or situations
_________________ 3. to take in through or to suck up
_________________ 4. with special emphasis to an extent or degree; exceptionally; in particular
_________________ 5. in the right or correct way or manner
_________________ 6. to legally take and rear a child into one’s family
_________________ 7. however; in spite of that; nonetheless
_________________ 8. to make changes to something for it to fit, to correspond, to conform or to match
_________________ 9. to the fullest or to a complete degree or extent
_________________ 10. at some later or unspecified time in the future; at the end; finally
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Animals have very good means of _____________ to their environment.
2. Perhaps _________ China’s one-child policy could solve over-population in the Philippines.
3. He was terribly sorry for the mistakes he made. _____________, he didn’t apologize to anyone.
4. He was reprimanded by his boss many times for not doing his job ____________ because he caused a lot of trouble for everyone in their team.
5. Everyone was enraged, ___________ her mother, when they found out that she took all her parents’ money away when she left home.