難易度:上級

14:英検対策2級(Eiken Grade 2)

14: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 14

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Appear verb [uh-peer]
to come to sight or into existence; to make something visible
Example: Surprisingly, after much refusal, the suspect’s mother appeared at the court.
to seem or look to be or have the appearance
Example: Even though he didn’t finish college, he still appears dignified in front of the interviewers.
Note: Which do you prefer, something that’s expensive and looks really good or something that’s secondhand and cheap but still appears fine?

2. Emphasize verb [em-fuh-sahyz]
to give stress, emphasis or prominence
Example: Before the start of the second half, their coach emphasized the importance of having team spirit, which perhaps made them grab this big win.
Note: Usually, what do your parents emphasize whenever they share some values?

3. Calculate verb [kal-kyuh-leyt]
to compute by mathematical methods
Example: My son started calculating big numbers at the age of 6.
to estimate or to evaluate; to gauge
Example: A boxer should calculate his opponent’s strengths for him to know what his moves should be.
Note: Can you calculate one’s abilities just by looking at him or her?

4. Decline verb [dih-klahyn]
to deny or refuse politely
Example: He declined the party’s offer to make him their leader.
Note: To ‘decline’ also means to cause to incline downward.

5. Preserve verb [pri-zurv]
to maintain in existence; to keep in good or perfect or unchanged condition
Example: Everyone is asked to preserve the gift and beauty of Mother Nature.
to keep or retain possession of
Example: You have to preserve your sanity even under much pressure.
Note: What can you do to preserve the beauty of your environment?

6. Promise noun [prom-is]
an assurance that someone will or will not do something; an indication of what is to be expected
Example: If only politicians could keep all their promises, this world would be a much better place. an indication of excellence or achievement in the future
Example: She’s a rising star with great promise.
Verb
to commit oneself into doing or giving something; to make a promise; to make a promise of something to a person
Example: I promised I would help my friend find a job.
Example: Promise me you won’t tell anyone about it.
Note: Have you ever made a promise that you didn’t keep?

7. Replace verb [ri-pleys]
to put back into a former role or to assume a former position or place; substitute
Example: Motorcycles have replaced most cars in the Philippines due to their lower gas consumption.
to take the place of
Example: His son replaced him as the CEO of the company.
Note: Do you think robots could replace human beings?

8. Supply verb [suh-plahy]
to provide what is lacking or to make something available for use
Example: We have closed a deal with MEGA Co. and they’ll be supplying us with raw materials for making furniture.
to furnish or equip with something
Example: The hotel staff provides us with toiletries twice a day.
Example: Nuclear power plants supply electricity to every Japanese house. to compensate or make up for, fill, or satisfy
Example: Since they separated, my mother has supplied us with the things that our father can’t provide.
Note: ‘Supplies’ can also be used as a noun which means something that is supplied or stock: We need to replenish our supplies.

9. Warn verb [wawrn]
to give an advance notice or advice of danger, possible harm, or anything that’s unfavorable; to give caution
Example: We’ve already warned her that he’s a playboy, but she didn’t listen.
to urge someone to be careful
Example: Everytime he joined a race, we would always warn him to be careful.
Note: ‘Warning’ is the noun form of ‘warn’.

10. Attract verb [uh-trakt]
to draw near or to cause to unite by a physical force
Example: Negative and positive attract
to arouse or stimulate interest, admiration and attention of
Example: Her striking outfit attracted the attention of the crowd.
Note: What characteristics attract you?

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■appear ■decline ■preserve ■emphasize ■promise
■calculate ■warn ■replace ■attract ■supply


_________________ 1. to estimate or to evaluate; to gauge
_________________ 2. to maintain in existence; to keep in good or perfect or unchanged condition
_________________ 3. to give an advance notice or advice of danger, possible harm, or anything that’s unfavorable; to give caution
_________________ 4. to come to sight or into existence; to make something visible
_________________ 5. to provide what is lacking or to make something available for use
_________________ 6. an assurance that someone will or will not do something; an indication of what is to be expected
_________________ 7. to deny or refuse politely
_________________ 8. to arouse or stimulate interest, admiration and attention of
_________________ 9. to give stress, emphasis or prominence
_________________ 10. to put back into a former role or to assume a former position or place; substitute

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. Even though she didn’t want to, she had to ___________ the invitation from their boss for a special dinner tonight because she already has a prior commitment.

a. incline
b. decline
c. despise
d. recline

2. The president’s health is deteriorating so the vice-president has ___________ him in attending to the state’s affairs.

a. declined
b. preserved
c. replenish
d. replaced

3. Secret agents often __________ the CIA with very important and confidential information.

a. demand
b. supply
c. resource
d. stock

4. Their target market is kids so they put colorful drawings on their ads to __________ them.

a. attract
b. detract
c. destruct
d. distract

5. We need to work together to _____________ our culture for the future generation.

a. preserve
b. reserve
c. conserve
d. deserve