14：英検対策2級（Eiken Grade 2）
08: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 8
Part 1: Vocabulary words
lasting, existing, or effective for a limited time only
■Example: This building will be a temporary shelter for the typhoon victims.
□Note: This word can also be used as a noun which means a worker employed on a temporary basis.
2. Casual adjective [kazh-oo-uhl]
without any formality or ceremony; relaxed; without serious intention
■Example:I attended a casual dinner with my colleagues.
something that happened by chance
■Example:I didn’t expect that after such a long time, I would have a casual talk with him.
having little concern or interest
■Example: Ronnie was so excited to show his new bike to his friend, but his friend just gave it a casual look.
□Note: ‘Casual’ can also mean an occasional worker.
3. Primitive adjective [prim-i-tiv]
relating to or the first or earliest of the kind or in existence; uncivilized
■Example: Nowadays, primitive ways of punishing people are considered barbaric.
primary; basic; simple and crude
■Example: They lost the battle because of their primitive weapons.
□Note: Tell me something about the primitive ways of your country.
4. Reliable adjective [ri-lahy-uh-buhl]
dependable; dependable in accuracy and honesty; achieving compatible results
■Example: The data that we gathered are totally reliable.
■Example: She’s one of the most reliable journalists in the industry.
□Note: Who is the most reliable person you know?
5. Artificial adjective [ahr-tuh-fish-uhl]
produced by human skills; not natural; imitation
■Example: We have an artificial fishpond in our garden.
with lots of affectation
■Example: People were totally deceived by his artificial speech.
□Note: What do you think of artificial flavorings?
6. Criminal noun [krim-uh-nl]
one who is guilty or convicted of a crime
■Example: There are many criminals roaming around the streets.
involving crime or having the nature of crime
■Example: His lawyer should really look into criminal law.
□Note: Who are considered criminals?
7. Either adjective [ee-ther, ahy-ther]
any one of the two; one or the other of two
■Example: You may join either team.
pertaining to one and the other
■Example: There are flags on either side of the wall.
can be one or the other
■Example: Take your pick. Either of the shirts will surely suit me.
□Note: As a conjunction, ‘either‘ should be used before the first of two or more coordinates as in: Either you confess now or be guilty forever.
8. Rural adjective [roor-uhl]
having the characteristics of the country, country life or country people
■Example: I miss the rural life: peaceful, quiet and slow.
□Note: The opposite of ‘rural’ is ‘urban’.
9. Second-hand adjective [sek-uhnd-hand]
known from books or obtained from others; indirectly experienced; borrowed or derived from another
■Example: Most of the things we know are second-hand
previously owned or used by someone else
■Example: I usually buy second-hand books because they are a lot cheaper.
□Note: This word can also be used as an adverb. Some examples are: We got our car secondhand. We heard the big news secondhand.
10. Typical adjective [tip-i-kuhl]
having the qualities or characteristics that represent a category, class , group, or kind
■Example: Her way of dressing up is very typical of that of the elites.
□Note: What are some typical characteristics that teenagers have?
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_________________ 1. known from books or obtained from others; indirectly experienced; borrowed or derived from another
_________________ 2. one who is guilty or convicted of a crime
_________________ 3. without any formality or ceremony; relaxed; without serious intention
_________________ 4. having the qualities or characteristics that represent a category, class , group, or kind
_________________ 5. any one of the two; one or the other of two
_________________ 6. dependable; dependable in accuracy and honesty; achieving compatible results
_________________ 7. produced by human skills; not natural; imitation
_________________ 8. having the characteristics of the country, country life or country people
_________________ 9. lasting, existing, or effective for a limited time only
_________________ 10. relating to or the first or earliest of the kind or in existence; uncivilized
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Nothing in this world lasts forever. Everything is __________.
2. This survey is completely_________. All areas showed the same results.
3. Some scientists are already working on ____________ brain. They have already made an almost exact copy of a rat’s brain.
a. a natural
b. a plastic
c. an artificial
d. a model
4. Demi was so happy to have bought a ______________ car, because even though it’s already used, she doesn’t have any problems with it.
c. top of the line
5. Even though a big part of the town is already civilized, some communities were still able to preserve their _____________ ceremonies and rituals.