14：英検対策2級（Eiken Grade 2）
09: Eiken Grade 2 Vocabularies Lesson 9
Part 1: Vocabulary words
belonging equally to or equally shared by two or more; relating to the public or pertaining to the entire community; widespread, general or ordinary
■Example: Almost all the people in our community share a common passion for teaching.
□Note: What are the things that you and your friends have in common?
2. Effective adjective [ih-fek-tiv]
producing the expected or intended outcome
■Example: The new policy is effective in maintaining orderliness at school.
in effect or in operation
■Example: The new law will be effective on August 4th.
giving a striking impression
■Example: That was indeed an effective painting.
□Note: Give an effective way of remembering new words.
3. Certain adjective [sur-tn]
definite and free from doubt; assured to happen; established truth
■Example: We are certain that he will win.
□Note: ‘For certain’ is used in sentences as an adverb. ”He will join that political party for certain.”
4. Material noun [muh-teer-ee-uhl]
the substance or substances that is/are used to make something; a raw matter to be used to make something
■Example: We now have to order the materials that will be used in constructing the building.
a group of data, facts, ideas, etc., where an integrated work is based on
■Example:Let’s start gathering the materials we need for this research work.
□Note: What materials do you need in making an ‘origami’?
5. False adjective [fawls]
not true and contrary to the fact; coming from a mistaken idea; not genuine or real
■Example: He was accused of giving a false statement.
□Note: It can also be used as an adverb which means in a dishonest way: “Never speak false against anyone.”
6. Near adjective [neer]
close in position, time, space or degree; closely related by blood or association; intimate; short and direct
■Example: We will visit all the near cities in one month.
■Example: He’s a near relative.
■Example: Let’s take the nearest route to the country.
almost; close or to a place not far away; within, to or at a short distance
■Example: Go near the stage so you will have a closer look at their performance.
□Note: It can also be a verb which means to move towards: Be careful! You’re nearing the edge of the stairs.
7. Poisonous adjective [poi-zuh-nuhs]
containing poison which is capable of harming or killing; harmful or destructive
■Example: A snake’s bite can be poisonous.
■Example: She’s known for spreading poisonous rumors about famous actors and actresses.
□Note: Name some poisonous animals you know.
8. Similar adjective [sim-uh-ler]
alike in appearance or nature; having resemblances in characteristics or appearance
■Example: The twin sisters don’t just look alike, but they also have similar personalities.
□Note: What similar characteristics do you and your mother or father have?
9. Public adjective [puhb-lik]
concerning or affecting a population or a community as a whole
■Example: The leader of the country should win public trust.
maintained for, used, done, made by the people or the community
■Example: There was a newly built public park at the center of the town.
open to all persons
■Example: The king’s palace was opened today for public viewing.
□Note: It can also be used as a noun which pertains to people.
10. Accurate adjective [ak-yer-it]
without any errors; exactly consistent with the fact, standard, rule or model
■Example: Make sure all the data are accurate.
□Note: This word also means careful and meticulous just like in “He is an accurate interpreter.”
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_________________ 1. concerning or affecting a population or a community as a whole
_________________ 2. producing the expected or intended outcome
_________________ 3. alike in appearance or nature; having resemblances in characteristics or appearance
_________________ 4. the substance or substances that is/are used to make something; a raw matter to be used to make something
_________________ 5. without any errors; exactly consistent with the fact, standard, rule or model
_________________ 6. definite and free from doubt; assured to happen; established truth
_________________ 7. close in position, time, space or degree; closely related by blood or association; intimate; short and direct
_________________ 8. containing poison which is capable of harming or killing; harmful or destructive
_________________ 9. belonging equally to or equally shared by two or more; relating to the public or pertaining to the entire community; widespread, general or ordinary
_________________ 10. not true and contrary to the fact; coming from a mistaken idea; not genuine or real
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1) In any kind of research, ___________ facts and information should be given to establish the validity of the study.
2) He was immediately brought to the hospital after a __________ spider bit him. They think its bite could be harmful, even deadly.
3) Even the non-performing students have improved a lot academically because of her _________ teaching methods.
4) The __________ that they used in building the house are all high-end. They actually imported their resources from abroad.
5) They share __________ interests so they never argue about the things they want to do. They actually shared a lot of experiences together.