難易度:上級

16:英検対策準1級(Eiken Grade Pre-1)

17: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 17

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. intuitively adjective [in-too-i-tiv, -tyoo-]
perceiving by intuition, as a person or the mind perceived by, resulting from, or involving intuition
intuitive knowledge, having or possessing intuition
Example: Benedict didn't have to tell me that he had a rough day; as his mother, I knew it intuitively.
Note: SYNONYMS: innately, naturally

2. respectively adjective [ri-spek-tiv-lee]
in precisely the order given; sequentially (of two or more things, with reference to two or more things previously mentioned)
Example: Ricky gave Gail and Easter chocolates and flowers, respectively.
Note: Origin: First recorded in 1550–60; respective + -ly
3. wholly adjective [hoh-lee, hohl-lee]
completely, entirely, totally
without exception; exclusively
Example: No perspective is wholly true so you need more than one to see a better picture.
Note: Can be confused with: holy, holey

4. admittedly adverb [ad-mit-id-lee]
by acknowledgment; by one's own admission; confessedly
Example: He was admittedly the one who had lost the documents.
Note: Can you admittedly say outer appearance affects one’s life?

5. biographical adjective [bahy-uh-graf-i-kuhl]
of or pertaining to a person's life
Example: He is gathering biographical data for his book about Sakamoto Ryoma.
Note: A biographical sketch is a brief bit of information about a person. It is a way of providing an overview about a person's life.

6. botanical adjective [buh-tan-i-kuhl]
also, bo•tan•ic; of, pertaining to, made from, or containing plants
Example: Makers of cosmetics also mix this natural substance with other botanical ingredients.
Note: from Medieval Latin botanicus, from Greek botanikos relating to plants

7. desperate adjective [des-per-it, -prit]
reckless or dangerous because of despair or urgency
having an urgent need or desire
little or no hope
extremely bad
Example: It is sad but true that people who are desperate are often willing to give their money to quacks.
Note: SYNONYM: hopeless
ANTONYM: hopeful

8. drowsy adjective [drou-zee]
sleepy; marked by or resulting from sleepiness; dull
sluggishness inducing lethargy or sleepiness
half asleep
Example: Before surgery, you will be given a sedative to make you drowsy.
Note: When do you feel drowsy?

9. filthy adjective [fil-thee]
disgustingly or completely dirty
offensive
extremely unpleasant
Example: Unfortunately, coal is as filthy as it is cheap and abundant.
Note: IDIOM: filthy rich - outrageously rich, very rich

10. formidable adjective [fawr-mi-duh-buhl]
causing fear, apprehension, or dread
discouraging or awesome strength, size, difficulty
arousing feelings of awe or admiration because of grandeur, strength, etc.
Example: Coyotes are formidable in the field where they enjoy keen vision and a strong sense of smell.
Note: SYNONYMS: horrible, frightful

Part 2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■formidable ■biographical ■drowsy ■botanical ■intuitively
■desperate ■respectively ■filthy ■admittedly ■wholly


______________1. disgustingly or completely dirty
______________2. pertaining to, made from, or containing plants
______________3. causing fear, apprehension, or dread
______________4. perceiving by intuition as a person or the mind; to perceive by, resulting from, or involving intuition
______________5. by acknowledgment; by one's own admission; confessedly
______________6. sleepy; marked by or resulting from sleepiness; dull
______________7. entirely or totally altogether; quite; to the whole amount, extent, etc.
______________8. of or pertaining to a person's life
______________9. reckless or dangerous because of despair or urgency
______________10. in precisely the order given; sequentially

Part 2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. You meet a potential business associate for the first time and __________ feel good vibes, without knowing much about her. It’s true that sometimes a gut feeling helps us make good decisions without giving it a thorough thought.

(1) Respectively
(2) Formidably
(3) Intuitively
(4) Filthy

2. Seuss books mostly have animals and weird creatures in them, ______________. His way of writing is so graphic that his words can excitingly stir the young minds of his readers.

(1) Filthy
(2) Drowsy
(3) Respectively
(4) Biographical

3. They know it has vanished, yet they do not want to believe that it has ________disappeared. Certainly, the denial of reality will only worsen the situation because getting on with their lives will only be possible through acceptance.

(1) Filthy
(2) Drowsy
(3) Wholly
(4) Formidable

4. Beyond that, many people ________ know little about the Kimigayo, our national anthem. It was actually only legally recognized as Japan’s official national anthem when the Act on National Flag and Anthem was passed.

(1) Respectively
(2) Admittedly
(3) Wholly
(4) Filthy

5. While on board the plane or ship, you may be asked to fill out a form detailing your ____________ and travel information. These serve as security questions to ensure the safety of all the passengers on board.

(1) Formidable
(2) Desperate
(3) Biographical
(4) Botanical

6. Trees are also like human beings in so many ways. As humans perspire, trees release water, and during hot times, they release ____________ sweat. This process is essential in cooling them down.

(1) Biographical
(2) Admittedly
(3) Respectively
(4) Botanical

7. The expansion of this system is considered vital for a nation in _________ need of skilled workers. Many foreign workers are then expected to come to the country in the next few years.

(1) Biographical
(2) Botanical
(3) Wholly
(4) Desperate

8. Some of the causes of the reported accidents on the road are drivers being distracted, ___________ or aggravated. It's more important than ever to drive with a clear head and alertness.

(1) Intuitively
(2) Filthy
(3) Drowsy
(4) Wholly

9. When rains flooded the streets, many employees chose to stay the night rather than wade through the __________ water. It was the worst flood that ever hit the city and nobody expected it to be that bad.

(1) Filthy
(2) Formidable
(3) Drowsy
(4) Wholly

10. Finally, once adequate security measures are in place, there are still __________challenges to making them work. When the loopholes in these measures are determined, only then can success can be expected.

(1) Desperate
(2) Formidable
(3) Wholly
(4) Filthy