16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
19: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 19
Part 1: Vocabulary words
having lost novelty or interest
musty stagnant stale air
having lost freshness, vigor, quick intelligence, initiative, or the like, as from overstrain, boredom
dry or hardened as bread
■Example: Be sure to look at the date to make sure that you aren't looking at a stale result.
□Note: Antonym: fresh
2. Audible adjective [aw-duh-buhl
capable of being heard; loud enough to be heard; actually heard
■Example: Everything that happened in the room next door was as audible as if it had happened in mine.
□Note: Related word: hearable
3. Intermittent adjective [in-ter-mit-nt]
stopping or ceasing for a time; alternately ceasing and beginning again: an intermittent pain.
■Example: Scientists have demonstrated that cats produce their purr through intermittent signaling of the laryngeal and diaphragmatic muscles.
□Note: Synonym: interrupted, sporadic
4. Abrupt adjective [uh-bruhpt]
sudden or unexpected: an abrupt departure.
terminating or changing suddenly: an abrupt turn in a road.
■Example: The discussion came to an abrupt end when one student suddenly fainted.
□Note: Synonyms: quick, sharp, sudden
5. Acoustic adjective [uh-koo-stik]
pertaining to the sense or organs of hearing, to sound, or to the science of sound.
■Example: Playing any acoustic instrument in a large hall is strenuous.
□Note: from Greek akoustikos
6. Applicable adjective [ap-li-kuh-buhl, uh-plik-uh-]
applying or capable of being applied; relevant; suitable; appropriate
■Example: The lesson is applicable to anyone who sells;enthusiasm does work.
□Note: Synonyms: fitting, proper, germane, pertinent
7. Approximately adverb [adj. uh-prok-suh-mit]
near or approaching a certain state, condition, goal, orstandard.
■Example: The oldest known tyrannosaurids lived approximately 120 million years ago.
□Note: At approximately what time do you get up on weekends?
8. Assorted adjective [uh-sawr-tid]
consisting of selected kinds; arranged in sorts or varieties
■Example: Our assorted beverages come in packs of five.
□Note: Name five assorted types of sushi
9. Cognitive adjective [kog-ni-tiv]
of or pertaining to the mental processes of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning, as contrasted with emotional and volitional processes; of pertaining to the act or process of knowing, perceiving, remembering
■Example: Other scientists are garnering evidence for the anecdotal claims that fish oils improve cognitive functioning.
□Note: Cognitive Therapy is a form of therapy for depression in which the goal is to diminish symptoms by correcting distorted thinking based on negative self-perceptions and expectations.
10. Coherent adjective [koh-heer-uhnt, -her-]
capable of logical and consistent speech, thought, etc
. logical; consistent and orderly
■Example: Essays in which the writer marshals evidence to support a coherent, logical argument are too rare.
□Note: adjective (negative) non-coherent
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
______________1. stopping or ceasing for a time; alternately ceasing and beginning again
______________2. of or pertaining to the mental processes of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning as contrasted with emotional and volitional processes
______________3. pertaining to waves that maintain a fixed phase relationship
______________4. applying or capable of being applied
______________5. capable of logical and consistent speech, thought, etc.; ogical; consistent and orderly
______________6. pertaining to the sense or organs of hearing, to sound, or to the science of sound
______________7. near or approaching a certain state, condition, goal, or standard
_______________8. sudden or unexpected
_______________9. consisting of selected kinds; arranged in sorts or varieties
_______________10. having lost novelty or interest
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Later this year, those same phones will emit__________ alerts sent out by the company and tailored to people's needs. This additional service will once again bring convenience to the lives of the users.
2. Many people feel that neither party offers a _______ set of principles that they can agree with. They’ve given up on their hope that the problem will be resolved any time soon.
3. Hours after returning to the hospital, his condition deteriorated _________. The head doctor ordered that he be transferred to another hospital that has complete facilities that can accommodate patients in critical condition.
4. The arrival hall was crowded and noisy, the air hot and _________. Some of the people waiting for their friends or relatives even fainted and were rushed to the clinic to be given medical assistance.
5. It is important to note that certain aspects of theory are only ____ under limited conditions. That’s why scrutiny of every little detail of each aspect is required.
6. Clouds shrouded the mountain top, rain was ________ and a thick mist hung in the air. These conditions cause a lot of accidents because of zero visibility. Motorists are advised to turn on their hazard lights.
7. It is a leisure singing activity with the singer's voice amplified with special ______ effects in the backdrop of the music. The harmonious mix of the voice and the accompaniment is so relaxing.
8. They are also human, and are thus subject to all sorts of ________ biases which can muddy their judgment. Believe it or not, they sort out all the information before passing judgment. However, a tinge of a subjective feel towards the case cannot be avoided.
9. At __________the same time as the rail accident, a bus accident on the freeway took the lives of more than the rail accident. It was a tragic incident that stole the lives of many.
10. The exhibitions feature new works in widely _________ media. It’s another rare event that will surely be crowded by many art enthusiasts from all over the globe.