16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
20: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 20
Part 1: Vocabulary words
not sociable, withdrawn; lacking or preventing social relationships
■Example: Brain imaging studies have also suggested that abnormal brain function is a cause of antisocial behavior.
□Note: Antonyms: approachable, friendly, participating
2. underdressed adjective [uhn-der-dres]
to clothe oneself less completely or formally than is usual or fitting for the circumstances.
■Example: Being underdressed in cold weather still isn't a good idea, though.
□Note: Word Origin & History: "too plainly dressed," 1784
3. daring adjective [dair-ing]
adventurous courage; boldness
■Example: The future lies in daring to invest money and in daring to dream.
□Note:synonyms: audacity, bravery, dauntless, undaunted
4. disadvantage adjective [dis-uhd-van-tij,]
absence or deprivation of advantage or equality
■Example: So he was expected to be at a disadvantage in the debate.
□Note: What are the disadvantages of using nuclear energy?
5. distinguished adjective [dih-sting-gwisht]
made conspicuous by excellence; noted; eminent; famous
■Example: Standing out and being distinguished for whatever you are and whatever you want to accomplish brings great pride.
□Note: Synonyms: renowned, illustrious
6. extravagant adjective [ik-strav-uh-guhnt]
spending much more than is necessary or wise; wasteful
going beyond what is deserved or justifiable
■Example: The arrival of wealthy vacationing visitors brought more extravagant tastes and the ability to afford them.
□Note: What is the most extravagant thing you have ever bought?
7. fictitious adjective [fik-tish-uhs]
not genuine; false
created by imagination
■Example: The hoax article went further into details of the fictitious concert series.
□Note: Can be confused with: facetious, factious, factitious, fictional
8. furry adjective [fur-ee]
consisting of or resembling fur
covered with fur
■Example: Both cats have fluffy, furry faces and stubby tails.
□Note: Name some furry animals, please.
9. gracious adjective [grey-shuhs]
pleasantly kind, benevolent and courteous
characterized by good taste, comfort, ease, or luxury
■Example: Those who support thank-you notes think that sending them makes you look gracious and caring.
□Note: How is it to be gracious at parties?
10. hardy adjective [hahr-dee]
capable of enduring fatigue, hardship, exposure, etc.
■Example: The tradition and habit of order are tough and hardy.
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
______________1. capable of enduring fatigue, hardship exposure, etc.; sturdy
______________2. to clothe oneself less completely or formally than is usual or fitting for the circumstances
______________3. excessively high
______________4. created, taken, or assumed for the sake of concealment; not genuine, false
______________5. consisting of or resembling fur
______________6. adventurous courage; boldness
______________7. pleasantly kind, benevolent and courteous
______________8. made conspicuous by excellence; noted; eminent; famous
______________9. sociable; having, showing or marked by a disinclination for friendly social relations; withdrawn
_______________10. absence or deprivation of advantage or equality
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. The products from the Shisheido company are _________by their stylish packaging. The company was actually first known for its unique packaging before people found out how good the company’s cosmetics are.
2. He is an avid gambler who maintains a/an _________ lifestyle. We won’t be surprised if one day we find out that he’s already bankrupt and that he is in legal troubles for being in the red.
3. In the narration of his life story, ____________ names of the characters were used to protect the welfare of the people involved. Although, they were still patterned to the real names.
4. He compares it to being a computer programmer, where age seems to be a ________ no matter how talented you are. Unfortunately, aging is inevitable. At least he has served his company well in his prime.
5. Erikson also concluded that children should become competent academically and socially between the ages of 6 and 12, and those who don't are more prone to bad and _______ behavior.
6. Camels have humps on their backs that have fatty deposits, which help them survive in hot climates. Even though they are ___________beasts, they still have their limits.
7. Being __________is a signal that you’re not taking your job seriously. Make sure you are representing yourself as a standout employee by wearing a suitable wardrobe.
8. Prosecutions for libel were numerous, and _______ writers had to stand in the pillory, besides being imprisoned and fined. That’s the biggest risk of being a journalist, so they have to keep in mind to work with extra care.
9. Traveling with pets can be challenging, as many hotels and resorts would rather not cater to our _______ friends. However, there are some shops wherein you can have them taken care of.
10. Business and leisure travelers alike will appreciate turbaned doormen, ______ concierges, and a large outdoor pool. It’s not so bad to feel like royalty once in a while.