16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
23: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 23
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to deal with a person or a problem to master or solve something
■Example: The board of directors convened to tackle a very important matter in saving the company from being bankrupt.
□Note: How do you tackle a conflict with a family member?
2. Terminate verb [tur-muh-neyt]
to put an end or bring something to an end
■Example: He didn’t have any choice but to pre-maturely terminate his contract with his employer because he was already unfit for the job.
□Note: This word can also mean ‘to assassinate’.
3. Site noun [sahyt]
the location or area of
■Example: The townspeople crowded the site of the crime, which made the investigation more difficult for the police.
□Note: This word came from the Latin word ‘situs’, which means ‘place or position’.
4. Therapy noun [ther-uh-pee]
treatment for diseases through a rehabilitating procedure
■Example: After his brain stroke, he underwent one year of therapy to be able to walk again.
□Note: The word ‘therapy’ came from the Neo-Latin word therapia, which means ‘healing’.
5. Heritage noun [her-i-tij]
something that’s inherited or passed on by tradition
■Example: Hiraizumi is considered as one of the world’s heritages and one of Japan’s pride.
□Note: What do you think is the greatest heritage of your ancestors to your generation?
6. Skull noun [skuhl]
the part of the skeleton that gives the framework of the head and protects the brain
■Example: The damage inflicted on to him by the accident was so severe that he got some damage to his skull.
pertaining to the center of knowledge and understanding
■Example: Make sure that you read the novel not just with your eyes but also with your skulls. □Note:The idiom ‘out of one’s skull’ means crazy or demented.
7. Disorder noun [dis-awr-der]
lack of order or organization that may give rise to confusion
■Example: After the war, the town was left in complete chaos and disorder.
■Example: In the court proceedings, the judge found out that there were some irregularities in the statements of the accused.
□Note: This word can also mean ‘an irregularity or abnormality in physical or mental condition'.
8. Collision noun [kuh-lizh-uhn]
coming of two or more things into contact
■Example: The cause of the rare collision of two aircrafts that happened two weeks ago was found to be pilot error.
■Example: The discussion was heated due to the attendees’ collision of interests. None of them wanted to agree on anything.
□Note: Have you ever seen a car collision on the road?
9. Opponent noun [uh-poh-nuh nt]
a person on the opposite side of the game or contest; rival or competitor
■Example: When the winner extended his hand, the opponent refused to accept it because he believed that he was the one who won the match.
□Note: This word came from the Latin word ‘opponentem’, which means ‘to object, to oppose or to set against’.
10. Psychology noun [sahy-kol-uh-jee]
the branch of science that deals with the state and the processes of the mind to understand human behavior
■Example: Being a researcher in the field of Psychology, he’s now considered as an expert in modifying animal and human behavior.
■Example: It’s a wonder how he was able to use psychology in encouraging prospective clients to do business with them.
□Note: Origin: From the New Latin word psȳchologia, dating back to 1675–85.
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
___________1. pertaining to the center of knowledge and understanding
___________ 2. something that’s inherited or passed on by tradition
___________ 3. to put an end or bring something to an end
___________ 4. lack of order or organization that may give rise to confusion
___________ 5. a person on the opposite side of the game or contest; rival or competitor
____________6. to deal with a person or a problem to master or solve something
___________ 7. treatment for diseases through a rehabilitating procedure
___________ 8. mental strategy
___________ 9. the location or area of
___________ 10. coming of two or more things into contact
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. For reviewing to be much faster and easier, I suggest you listen to your teachers well during the discussion and try to do it with your ___________. It's actually easier to understand the concepts if there are explanations that support them rather than just trying to comprehend what's written in the textbook.
2. Yoshinogari is one of the three archaeological __________ in Japan that are located in the Saga Prefecture. This place is of enormous importance because of the artifacts found there that are essential to Japanese and world prehistory.
3. Before signing any agreement, you'd better review all the details of it, especially the consequences in case you decide to pre-maturely ____________ your contract. Sometimes, putting an end to your contract entails some legal sanctions like monetary penalty.
4. Some cultural _________ are shown in both built and natural environments like buildings and landscapes and artifacts. These inheritances are also evident in the place's values, traditions, arts, ceremonies, religion, etc.
5. The Prime Minister of the country believed that science and technology could help ____________ poverty in their land. He said that a well-thought out policy for science, technology and innovation that could sustain and hasten development should be formulated to finally solve the problem that has been burdening the country.
6. The news about the near __________ of the earth and with an asteroid that measured 150 feet wide caused alarm in some people. Of course, the force that the contact could have made could have caused a lot of damage both to properties and people.
7. Dementia is one of the most common brain ___________ that victimize the elderly. Some of the causes of this irregularity in the brain are Alzheimer's disease, stroke and other diseases like AIDS and Parkinson's disease.
8. He underwent a course of psychological _____________ because of the traumatic experience that he had in the Second World War. The treatment, although very intense, didn't work very well for him due to the severity of the damage it has incurred on him.
9. He read a lot of books and attended some seminars to be able to manipulate people through __________. His intentions are not clear, but we hope that he doesn't use his learned strategies and techniques in malevolent ways.
10. Since the champion would be playing against the strongest _________ he'll ever face, he trained extremely hard to the point of exhausting his body. In the end, he got stuck in bed and wasn't able to attend the match, so his competitor won by default.