16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
33: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 33
Part 1: Vocabulary words
an enclosed space, usually made of steel, where valuables can be kept safely
■Example: Vaults should be kept inside the bank to ensure that money will be safe from robbers.
□Note: Would you deposit all your money in the bank or would you rather have your own vault inside your house?
2. Adolescent noun [ad-l-es-uhnt]
a young person between a child and an adult; a teenager
■Example: Teachers should explain clearly the stage when adolescents will face identity crisis in order to be prepared for entering adulthood.
□Note: Teenager is the other term for adolescent.
3. Anthropologist noun [an-thruh-pol-uh-jist]
a person who is an expert in the scientific study of the race, culture, physical, social habits and behavior of human beings
■Example: Anthropologists play an important role in human development.
□Note: The word anthropology is derived from the Greek word anthrōpos, which means ‘man,’ and -logia which means ‘word’ or ‘study’.
4. Bait noun [beyt]
anything that is used to lure or entice something or someone for a certain purpose
■Example: Fishermen use worm as bait to catch fish.
□Note: Figuratively speaking, bait is used to convince someone to do something.
5. Council noun [koun-suhl]
a group of elected or appointed people that are called for discussion, consultation, and deliberation
■Example: A council should consist of intelligent people to ensure a smooth flowing discussion, which will lead to effective and helpful advice.
□Note: What is the purpose of council in the field of politics?
6. Diploma noun [dih-ploh-muh]
a document or certificate given by educational institutions such as a school, college or university to prove that someone has finished a degree or completed a particular course of study from the said institution.
■Example: Employers always check the diploma of an applicant to be assured that s/he is knowledgeable enough for the job s/he is applying for.
□Note: How important is a diploma in your country?
7. Limitation noun [lim-i-tey-shuhn]
something that restricts
■Example: People should be aware of their limitations in order to know when to fight or flight.
□Note: Name three of your limitations.
8. Livelihood noun [lahyv-lee-hood]
the way you earn money to sustain your existence
■Example: Sustainable livelihood is important to live a good life.
□Note: If you were to create one livelihood program for poor people, what would it be and why?
9. Livestock noun [lahyv-stok]
domestic animals such as horses, cattle, sheep, etc. that are kept on a farm to use for profit
■Example: Farmers fear heavy rain for it might kill their livestock.
□Note: Livestock may refer to farm animals.
10. Lodging noun [loj-ing]
a room or place that is being rented for a temporary stay
■Example: Free lodging for any business trip is just one of the benefits of being an employee at ABC Company.
□Note: What would you consider when choosing a lodging?
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
___________1 A young person between a child and an adult; a teenager
___________ 2. Anything that is used to lure or entice something or someone for a certain purpose
___________ 3. A group of elected or appointed people that are called for discussion, consultation, and deliberation
___________ 4. A room or place that is being rented for a temporary stay
___________ 5 Domestic animals such as horses, cattle, sheep, etc. that are kept on a farm to use for profit
____________6. The way you earn money to sustain your existence
___________ 7. Something that is being restricted
___________ 8. A document or certificate given by educational institutions such as a school, college or university to prove that someone has finished a degree or completed a particular course of study from the said institution
___________ 9. A person who is an expert in the scientific study of the race, culture, physical, social habits and behavior of human beings
___________ 10. An enclosed space, usually made of steel, where valuables can be safely kept
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Employees should not be enticed by the ___________ of allowances offered by employers no matter how tempting they are. They should be lured by the benefits and career advancement that the employers can provide.
2. Leaders must create standards or criteria for appointing the members of its organization. The __________ should be composed of people who are experts in analyzing certain issues to come up with brilliant ideas and solutions.
3. Students study very hard to earn a degree, but once they start looking for a job, they realize that the sheet of paper that proves they attained the degree isn’t enough to get the job. Therefore, students should not only aim for a ____________, but should rather aim for the enhancement of their skills.
4. Science helps us understand the idea of euthanasia, but it can never, ever tell us whether it's right or wrong. Moral judgment is indeed one of its ___________ and is way beyond the understanding of science.
5. There are a lot of different ways or activities to earn money to survive. Therefore, the government should create some _________programs that will help the poor and the uneducated people to sustain their existence in the world.
6. Some retirees tend to choose a life on the farm where they will just take care of some farm animals and sell them for profit. However, they doubt their capability of raising _________ due to their old age.
7. Traveling is a good way to relax but not all people can afford it, especially the place where one can stay for a while to keep their luggage, to sleep, to be safe, etc. Travelers, especially backpackers, aim for cheap ____________.
8. The development of humanity serves an important role in achieving a well-developed country. Indeed, ___________ should keep on studying the history and progression of the human race and its culture to improve its society.
9. Teenage life is both an exciting and troublesome time. It is when an__________ experiences a lot of problems and difficulties at school and in society due to a lot of uncertainties and internal and external conflicts.
10. Robbers have unique ways to steal some valuables from other people; that’s why each individual must be responsible enough to keep their valuables in a very safe place. Keeping a __________ at home is one of the safest ways to keep your belongings from being stolen.