16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
44: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 44
Part 1: Vocabulary words
a piece of material worn over the face to conceal or protect the face
■Example: The bride’s veil was held by a circle of flowers.
□Note: What are the different types of veils worn around the world?
2. Accreditation noun [uh-kred-it-ta-shun]
■Example: Princeton and Harvard Universities are examples of schools that have accreditation by the US Department of Education.
□Note: What are some accreditations you received in school?
3. Bureau noun [byoo r-oh]
a chest of drawers that usually has a mirror at the top; a division or unit of a governmental body
■Example: The antique bureau was sold for $100.
□Note: How many bureau cabinets does your house have?
4. Captivity noun [kap-tiv-i-tee]
a period of being held; the state of being confined
■Example: A panda is kept in captivity at the zoo.
□Note: Do you agree with keeping animals in captivity for the sake of science?
5. Check-up noun [chek-up]
investigate or inspect
■Example: Her annual check-up with the doctor will be this Saturday.
□Note: What was the result of your last check-up?
6. Errand noun [er-uh nd]
a quick, short trip to accomplish a specific purpose
■Example: He was running an errand for his sick dad.
□Note: What was the most difficult errand you have ever ran?
7. Ethnicity noun [er-uh nd]
background, allegiance, association, or society
■Example: Most of their customer information is gathered from feedback evaluation forms that do not ask the ethnicity of the customer.
□Note: What is your ethnicity?
8. Hardship noun [hahrd-ship]
a condition or situation that is difficult to endure
■Example: They bravely faced the hardship of frontier life.
□Note: Have you read books about hardship?
9. Latitude noun [lat-i-tood]
angular distance north or south of the equator of a point on the earth’s surface, measured from the meridian of the point
■Example: Latitude in the northern hemisphere lies mainly in the Arctic Ocean.
□Note: What is the difference between latitude and longitude?
10. Make-up noun [meyk-uhp]
facial cosmetics for aesthetics purposes
■Example: Make-up helps hide flaws in the skin.
□Note: Do you prefer women with make-up or without make-up?
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_______________ 1. a chest of drawers, often with a mirror at the top
_______________ 2. a piece of material worn over the face to conceal or protect the face
_______________ 3. angular distance north or south of the equator of a point on the earth’s surface, measured from the meridian of the point
_______________ 4. background, allegiance, or association
_______________ 5. a period of being held
_______________ 6. investigate or inspect
_______________ 7. facial cosmetics
_______________ 8. a condition that is difficult to endure
_______________ 9. a short, quick trip to accomplish a specific purpose
_______________ 10. official recognition
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1.During the festivities and merriment on Christmas Eve, Matt suddenly realized he forgot to buy his girlfriend a present. He unceremoniously left the house to run a last minute _____________ to the mall, which was scheduled to close its doors early for the holidays.
2. _______________ has been around for thousands of years as a way for men and women to enhance their physical appearance and as a show of wealth. Ancient Egyptian pharaohs used coal to line their eyes, while the Greeks pulverized red clay to be used as blush on the cheeks.
3. The wedding of Prince William to Kate Middleton in 2011 was only the second time in British history where a sovereign in line to the throne married a commoner. The bride wore a lace gown with a small crown over a __________ from the House of Alexander McQueen.
4. January 28th is the anniversary of the liberation of the notorious Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz in Poland. Soviet soldiers released from ___________thousands of Jews, Poles, Gypsies, and prisoners of war who would have been gassed to death during World War II.
5. The _______________ line which separates Korea is called the demilitarized zone or DMZ, which sits on the 38th parallel. This line helped stymy, but did not end the conflict between the warring nations.
6. Molly gets a dental _________ every 6 months to prevent gingivitis and to continue having strong, healthy teeth. The dentist examines her teeth to check for cavities and then cleans them by scraping off plaque and applying fluoride.
7. Adrien Brody won an Oscar for his portrayal of famed pianist Szpilman who endured many ___________ during the Nazi occupation of Poland in World War II. Szpilman and his family were targeted for being Jewish regardless of his fame as an international concert pianist.
8. Amanda was born in New York City five years after her family migrated to America from Russia. Due to her upbringing and education, she considers herself an American even though her ____________ is considered as Russian.
9. Built in closets are staple accessories for a room in order to maximize space and functionality. A century ago, people opted to use a _____________ to store clothes, shoes, and other valuables to prevent them from collecting dust.
10. In recent years, South Korea has been a Mecca for plastic surgery procedures as people from all over the world flock to the country in order to enhance their facial features. People need to be thoroughly informed of the process and the _______________ of the doctor to ensure their safety before going under the knife.