16：英検対策準1級（Eiken Grade Pre-1）
05: Eiken Grade Pre-1 Vocabularies Lesson 5
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to discuss the terms of a bargain; haggle; negotiate.
■Example: She loves going to the thrift shop because she can always bargain to her desired price.
□Note: Have you ever bargained before?
2. Invest verb (in-vest)
to invest is to put money into something that you expect will give you an income or profit
■Example: She invested her retirement money in a franchise food-chain business.
□Note: Investor (noun), Investable (adjective), Reinvest (verb)
3. Coordinate verb (koh-awr-dn-yet)
to coordinate is to arrange for things to all come together or to work with someone else to establish a common aim.
■Example: She coordinated the company’s National Convention with the other regional managers.
□Note: Couples should coordinate their plans together, including their finances.
4. Update verb (uhp-deyt)
to bring (a book, figures, or the like) up to date, as by adding new information or making corrections
■Example: We have to update the policies of the company because there have been many changes these past couple of years to the system.
□Note: How do you update yourself about the latest news?
5. Facility noun (fuh-sil-i-tee)
something designed, built, installed, etc., to serve a specific function affording a convenience or service
■Example: The notable improvement of the university is the building of the new research facility.
□Note: could be transportation facility; educational facility; health care facility, etc
6. Property noun (prop-er-tee)
goods or land, etc. considered as possessions
■Example: Real estate property costs are declining due to the bad economy.
□Note: Synonym: belonging
7. Access noun (ak-ses)
the ability, right, or permission to approach, enter, speak with, or use; admittance
■Example: Only the manager and supervisors have access to the files.
□Note: can be confused with excess and assess
8. Debris noun (duh-bree)
the remains of anything broken down or destroyed; ruins
■Example: There were debris of buildings and houses after the tsunami.
□Note: Synonym: litter, trash
9. Discredit verb (dis-kred-it)
to injure the credit or reputation of; to cause to be disbelieved, distrusted
■Example: There was a black propaganda to discredit honest politicians.
□Note: Synonym: disparage, disgrace, tarnish, undermine.
10. Returnee noun (ri-tur-nee)
a person who has returned
■Example: One returnee said that his decision to return was largely due to the infrastructure improvements.
□Note: Origin (American): return + ee
Part 2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
_____________ 1. to bring (a book, figures, or the like) up to date, as by adding new information or making corrections
_____________ 2. to arrange for things to all come together or to work with someone else to establish a common aim.
_____________ 3. to injure the credit or reputation of; to cause to be disbelieved, distrusted
_____________ 4. to discuss the terms of a bargain; haggle; negotiate.
_____________ 5. a person who has returned
_____________6. something designed, built, installed, etc., to serve a specific function affording a convenience or service
_____________ 7. goods or land, etc., considered as possessions
_____________ 8. the ability, right, or permission to approach, enter, speak with, or use; admittance
_____________ 9. the remains of anything broken down or destroyed; ruins
_____________ 10. to put money into something that you expect will give you an income or profit
Part 2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Six new state-of-the-art _________ will be constructed in the emirate of Abu Dhabi for people with special needs. The government will expend money amounting to Dh3.782 billion.
2. Besides demolition _______, other wastes generated during the new building construction include treated wood, paint and solvent wastes, glues and roofing tars. One of the problems contractors have is disposing of these wastes.
3. Contradictory testimony in prior cases is, of course, a fantastic way to ____ a witness. Lawyers should have really good connections to do thorough research on the case against the witness.
4. Nancy was among a group of 42 _________ who left a camp in Malakal on 29 May to board a flight to the Warrap State capital of Kuajok. She’s more than excited to be reunited with her family.
5. If you want to be a successful manager, you should learn how to the __________ activities in your task list as well as how to coordinate the activities of your subordinates. These are the top considerations to be well-organized.
6. She’s been known to be a very wise spender. She was able to get good as new items at very low prices from the _____________ shops downtown. Surprisingly, the quality of these items is unquestionable.
7. At an early age, one must already start to ____________ in different ventures to prepare for the future. Of course, every monetary undertaking has a big risk of loss, but as they say, “No pain. No gain.”
8. After tasks are allocated among team members, the team leader should __________ work activities well by accurately updating their progress, information and details. Different roles and responsibilities should also be clearly negotiated within the team.
9. Only authorized people have ____________ to classified information, especially regarding the intelligence reports on terrorism. They are kept confidential to ensure public safety.
10. In a snap, all the hard-earned ______________ of their family were turned into ash. No one was able to save anything, even their personal belongings. An investigation is still underway as to how the huge fire started.