17：英検対策1級（Eiken Grade 1）
19: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 19
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone)
to criticize sharply, to check or repress
■Example: Children should pay respect to their parents and never rebuke them.
□Note: antonyms of the word rebuke are complimentary; flattery; praise
2. Denounce verb [dih-nouns]
to condemn openly as being evil or reprehensible
■Example: The legal wife of his father began to denounce him as an illegitimate son.
□Note: In the field of law and crime denounce means to report (someone) to the police or other authorities for illegal or immoral acts.
3. Rebut verb [ri-buht]
to prove (something) is false by using arguments or evidence
to contradict or oppose by formal legal argument, plea, or countervailing proof.
■Example: The plan was to rebut every conclusion made by the opponent.
□Note: To rebut a statement is to offer clear evidence or a reasoned argument against it.
4. Reprimand verb [rep-ruh-mand, -mahnd, rep-ruh-mand]
to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone who has done something wrong, disobeyed an order, etc.)
■Example: Teachers should reprimand students if they’ve committed their first minor offense to prevent the repetition of mistakes.
□Note: Reprimand is a severe, formal, or official rebuke or censure.
5. Berate verb [bih-reyt]
to yell at (someone) : to criticize (someone) in a loud and angry way and at length
■Example: When you berate a referee at a basketball game, I believe that is an offense.
□Note: Antonyms for the word berate are compliment, hail or praise.
6. Lambaste verb [lam-beyst, -bast]
to give a thrashing to; to lambaste is to beat, or to scold or berate by yelling
to hit heavily and repeatedly with violent blows
■Example: He said he never wanted to lambaste the other guy, and was only carried away by his emotions.
□Note: Do you think you can avoid lambasting someone who has done you grave harm?
7. Seclude verb [si-klood]
to remove or separate from interaction or outside influence
■Example: It’s best to seclude the room where you plan to transfer the patient.
□Note: Do you like to seclude yourself when you study?
8. Ostracize verb [os-truh-sahyz]
to not allow (someone) to be included in a group : to exclude (someone) from a group
■Example: If we ostracize him, do you think he’d understand that we are doing that because we don’t approve of his decisions?
□Note: Would you ostracize someone you are not on good terms with?
9. Purge verb [purj]
to remove people from an area, country, organization, etc., often in a violent and sudden way
■Example: Due to unresolved financial conflicts, the demolition team decided to purge their employees from the building.
□Note: In the field of law, purge means to clear (a person) of a charge or an imputation. Often used with respect to contempt of court.
In the field of medicine, purge means to cause evacuation of (the bowels).
10. Repatriate verb [ree-pey-tree-eyt or, esp. British, -pa-]
to restore or return to the country of origin, allegiance, or citizenship
■Example: The flood victims recently repatriate to their flooded homes.
□Note: Late Latin repatriatus, past participle of repatriare, to go home again
Part2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
______________1. to give a thrashing to; to hit heavily and repeatedly with violent blows
______________2. to condemn openly as being evil or reprehensible.
______________3. to not allow (someone) to be included in a group : to exclude (someone) from a group
______________4. to prove (something) is false by using arguments or evidence; to contradict or oppose by formal legal argument, plea, or countervailing proof.
______________5. to restore or return to the country of origin, allegiance, or citizenship
______________6. to yell at (someone) : to criticize (someone) in a loud and angry way and at length
______________7. to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone); to criticize sharply; to check or repress.
______________8. to remove people from an area, country, organization, etc., often in a violent and sudden way
______________9. to remove or separate from interaction or outside influence
______________10. to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone who has done something wrong, disobeyed an order, etc.)
Part2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Greece is definitely one of the best places to take a vacation. It has a rich cultural background, spectacular infrastructure, a wide variety of great dishes to offer, and lastly, it is the home of “The beach of Navagio”, “Shipwreck”, or even “Zakynthos Smugglers Cove”. It is a ___________ beach which is a perfect getaway from busy city life.
a. rebutted b. secluded c. lambasted d. reprimanded
2. The word discipline means to impart knowledge and skill; that’s why I think it’s unnecessary to _____a child if he/she has made a trivial mistake. I also believe that whichever intervention parents choose to use in this department, it is best to remember that the child will later fit more happily and effectively into the real world.
a. berate b. repatriate c. lambaste d. ostracize
3. Fraternity is defined as an organization associated with an environment of companionship and brotherhood; dedicated to the intellectual, physical, and social development of its members. This definition makes me wonder why they need to_________ their new recruits during fraternity initiation. Doesn’t this defeat the purpose of developing intellectual, physical, and social growth of an individual?
a. repatriate b. lambaste c. rebuke d. seclude
4. I’ve had friends complain about toothaches, even people from work would excuse themselves due to the unbearable pain. I now appreciate how my mom would always _________ me when I was little over eating sweets. And now as a parent, I think I will have to implement the same rules to prevent tooth decay.
a. reprimand b. rebuke c. repatriate d. rebut
5. The acquisition of territory and the gradual colonization of the Negroes in a land of their own was the dream of Jefferson and Lincoln and many other most outstanding statesmen. The American Colonization Society was organized in 1816 to promote a program to ________ Negroes. Thomas Jefferson was active in advising and encouraging his fellow Americans to adopt a plan to bring about the physical separation of the white and black races.
a. repatriate b. rebuke c. berate d. seclude
6. I believe that it is also the public’s responsibility to help someone who is pardoned or paroled to get back into society and give them another chance. To ___________ them does not really help. It may only lead them to depression or worse, they might return to their illegal activities.
a. ostracize b. purge c. seclude d. rebuke
7. In a relationship, both parties should consider everything about their partner, and be ready to understand and compromise. During misunderstandings, fights and arguments, it is best to observe respect. One should never_________ the other in front of other people, and one should never physically hurt the other.
a. denounce b. rebuke c. lambaste d. rebut
8. It is believed that unpunished wrong doings are a greater evil than punished wrong doings. This is why, despite _________ the crime, reducing the sentence weight will not be implemented in any case.
a. denouncing b. berating c. lambasting d. rebutting
9. The government started to construct new bridges and improve roads, especially the national high ways. In line with these approved projects, they are offering urban poor housing for those who live under the bridges and those who live beside the roads. However, despite all the good offers, some have chosen to remain in their locations. The government is now left with no choice but to _________the informal settlers from their dwelling to make way for the implementation of the road widening project.
a. reprimand b. purge c. seclude d.lambaste
10. He prepared himself to ______ the other team’s presented argument. Without fear or doubt, he began by picking out the points raised by the other team. He then stated facts to prove why the other team was wrong and that their argument made no sense. He made his point in just 60 seconds.
a. ostracize b. rebut c.lambaste d.seclude