難易度:上級

17:英検対策1級(Eiken Grade 1)

26: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 26

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. Hereditary adjective [huh-red-i-ter-ee]
capable of being passed on from parent to offspring or from generation to generation through genes; pertaining to inheritance
■Example: Diabetes is an example of a hereditary disease, so whether or not you eat a lot of rice or sweets, you are still susceptible to having that disease.
□Note: Can you think of any hereditary diseases that are common in your country?

2. Homogenous adjective [huh-moj-uh-nuhs, hoh-]
of the same or similar nature or kind
■Example: The bronze age elite was united by a homogenous culture .
□Note: The opposite term for the word ‘homogenous’ is ‘heterogeneous’.

3. Hygienic adjective [hahy-jee-en-ik,hahy-jen-,-jee-nik]
sanitary; promoting and preserving good health
■Example: All restaurants follow specific hygienic standards.
□Note: State some reasons why it’s important to be hygienic most especially in food industry?

4. Deceased adjective [dih-seest]
dead or no longer alive
■Example: I was totally surprised when I found out that the little boy’s parents are already both deceased.
□Note: This word came from the Middle English ‘deces’ and Latin ‘decessus’, which means departure or death.

5. Terrestrial adjective [tuh-res-tree-uhl]
pertaining to the earth or its inhabitants; earthly
■Example: Aquatic animals are not as interesting as terrestrial animals.
□Note: Name some terrestrial animals you know, please.

6. torrid adjective [tawr-id,tor-]
passionate or having intense emotion; burning hot; scorching
■Example: The witness was terrified at the torrid questioning of the defense lawyer.
□Note: Have you ever had a torrid argument with anyone?

7. Traumatic adjective [truh-mat-ik,traw-,trou-]
a serious physical wound or injury; emotional wound or shock from violence or an accident
■Example: Being trapped in a house consumed with fire was so traumatic for him that it makes him overly jumpy whenever he sees fire.
□Note: Do you know anyone who has ever had a traumatic experience?

8. Gregarious adjective [gri-gair-ee-uhs]
sociable; liking or enjoying the company of others
■Example: He is known to be a gregarious man who is so determined to use all his resources and connections to make his business known to the world.
□Note: Do you prefer gregarious individuals or the loner ones?

9. Palatable adjective [pal-uh-tuh-buhl]
agreeable to the taste
■Example: One should have a palatable low-fat diet to have an effective weight loss program.
□Note: It came from palate + able which means ‘good-tasting’.

10. Fiscal adjective [fis-kuhl]
generally relating to financial matters
■Example: This crisis calls for a new fiscal policy that is most appropriate for the present situation.
□Note: The word comes from the Late Latin word ‘fiscalis’, which means belonging to the state treasury.

Part2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■hereditary  ■homogenous ■hygienic  ■deceased ■terrestrial
■torrid  ■traumatic ■gregarious  ■palatable ■fiscal


__________ 1. sociable; liking or enjoying the company of others
__________ 2. capable of being passed on from parent to offspring or from generation to generation
through genes; pertaining to inheritance
__________ 3.generally relating to financial matters
__________ 4. pertaining to the earth or its inhabitants; earthly
__________ 5. passionate or having intense emotion; burning hot; scorching
__________ 6. sanitary; promoting and preserving good health
__________ 7. of the same or similar nature or kind
__________ 8. agreeable to the taste
__________ 9. dead or no longer alive
__________ 10. a serious physical wound or injury; emotional wound or shock from violence or an accident

Part2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. The prince’s ______ love affair with a commoner was sensationalized by the media. No one in the royal family was able to save his marriage since the prince himself couldn’t restrain his passionate love for his mistress.

a. palatable      b. torrid      c. traumatic      d. gregarious


2. A government has __________ responsibility most especially when it only spends as much as it gains in taxes. A government should cut spending if it has a measurable budget deficit and should cut taxes if it has a measurable surplus.

a. terrestrial      b. fiscal      c. palatable     d. traumatic


3. After the tragic incident of 2011, hundreds of families still mourn for their _____________ loved ones. Their deaths will surely be remembered in the history of their country.

a. deceased    b. traumatic     c. torrid     d. palatable


4. Due to the increasing number of expatriates in this town, people are becoming less _____________. Its indigenous culture now has a grave threat of extinction.

a. Homogenous    b. palatable     c. gregarious     d. terrestrial


5. Scientists always go on __________ explorations to discover new species of plants and animals. Every land expedition that they have never fails.

a. gregarious     b. fiscal      c. terrestrial     d. hereditary


6. There are some species that are known to be highly ____________, associating with small cetaceans in mixed and various species, unlike polar bears that isolate themselves.

a. gregarious      b. palatable     c. torrid      d. terrestrial


7. There are about 400 __________ or genetic diseases known to afflict humans and some of these are common, but some are rare and appear to be isolated cases within a certain family.

a. hygienic      b. deceased     c. hereditary      d. terrestrial


8. He has been undergoing psychological treatment and debriefing sessions ever since he survived the _____________ experience of being captured by terrorists. The treatment might take a while before the results are observable since the experience gave him a grave shock which may last for a very long time.

a. hygienic     b. hereditary      c. torrid     d. traumatic


9. All products undergo ________ procedures to ensure their safety application and usage. Machines and equipment are highly sanitized on a regular basis.

a. traumatic     b. palatable     c. gregarious      d. hygienic


10. That fast food restaurant made it big in the market because it serves highly ___________ , high fat, high sugar, and high salt foods that are a big hit, especially for children.

a. fiscal     b.  torrid    c.  palatable    d. hygienic