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17:英検対策1級(Eiken Grade 1)

32: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 32

Part 1: Vocabulary words

1. subsidize verb [suhb-si-dahyz]
to aid or assist the cost of something by paying a part of it
■Example: The company should subsidize the cost of every employee's training.
□Note: Subsidy is the noun form of subsidize, which means financial aid supplied by a government.

2. amend verb [uh-mend]
to change, improve, or rephrase something to make it better and more accurate
■Example: Some governments must amend their constitution to have a better economy.
□Note: Why do we need to amend the constitution?

3. rectify verb [rek-tuh-fahy]
to change something to make it correct and more satisfactory
■Example: Analyzing the economy of each government will always be the best way to rectify something.
□Note: This word comes from the Late Latin word 'rectificare', which means "make right".

4. endorse verb [en-dawrs]
to give a statement publicly saying that you are supporting someone or something
■Example: An actress appeared on television to endorse the brand of make-up she's using.
□Note: Name at least 3 products you want to endorse.

5. exhort verb [ig-zawrt]
to strongly persuade or encourage someone to do something
■Example: Developers frequently build secure software by designing security in books and articles to exhort them.
□Note: This word comes from Late Middle English ex(h)orte, which means "encourage greatly"

6. coerce verb [koh-urs]
to forcefully persuade someone to do something they don't want to.
■Example: Some parents coerce their children to take up a course in college they don't want to study.
□Note: This word comes from the Latin word "coercere", which means "to hold in, restrain".

7. implore verb [im-plawr>b>, -plohr]
to sincerely or emotionally ask someone to do or not to do something.
■Example: Visitors are also implored not to intrude in people's lives and private property.
□Note: This word comes from the Latin word 'implorare', which means "to call for help,beseech".

8. instigate verb [in-sti-geyt]
to provoke or urge someone into action
■Example: The idea is to control and manage it and not to instigate or inspire change.
□Note: This word comes from the Latin word instīgāre, which means "to stimulate, incite".

9. trigger verb [trig-er]
anything that serves as a stimulus to initiate a reaction or a series of reactions
■Example: The country's economic downfall shook markets and helped trigger the financial crisis.
□Note: What can trigger you to be angry?

10. incite verb [in-sahyt]
to urge on someone (or a crowd) into action
■Example: Lots of demonstrators were injured when their leader incited them to act aggressively toward the police officers.
□Note: Why do you think some people are easily incited to behave in an aggressive manner?

Part2: Exercise 1



Give the word being asked for each number.

■instigate  ■amend ■rectify  ■endorse ■exhort
■trigger  ■incite ■implore  ■coerce ■subsidize


__________ 1. anything that serves as a stimulus to initiate a reaction or a series of reactions
__________ 2. to forcefully persuade someone to do something they don't want to.
__________ 3. to give a statement publicly saying that you are supporting someone or something
__________ 4. to provoke or urge someone into action
__________ 5. to aid or assist the cost of something by paying a part of it
__________ 6. to strongly persuade or encourage someone to do something.
__________ 7. to urge on someone (or a crowd) into action
__________ 8. to change, improve, or rephrase something to make it better and more accurate
__________ 9. to sincerely or emotionally ask someone to do or not to do something
__________ 10. something to make it correct and more satisfactory

Part2: Exercise 2



Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.


1. The government should help senior citizens and people with disabilities that have a low to moderate income to live in _____ housing in order for them to live independently.

a. subsidized      b. coerced      c. incited      d. implored


2. If a legislator asks the authorized personnel to propose some revisions in the bill, the personnel must mark up the alterations that the legislator must ______ to show what should be added and what should be taken out.

a. incite     b. amend      c. exhort      d. trigger


3. According to the America's Economic Report, the rich become richer, the poor become poorer, while the middle class gets decimated. Therefore, the government must exert much effort to ____ the situation.

a. rectify     b. instigate      c. implore     d. instigate


4. The American Medical Association (AMA) ______ a health insurance reform that includes a public insurance option. Thus, President Barack Obama was grateful that the doctors of the AMA chose to support such a health bill.

a. amended     b. coerced     c. incited     d. endorsed


5. Songs and messages about the importance of voting must be disseminated all over the world to catch the attention of people who are so reluctant to vote. Individuals who have the right to vote must be _____ by the government to ensure that everyone will participate actively in every election there is.

a. exhorted     b. triggered     c. incited     d. rectified


6. There is a violation of the labor law when an employer ____ employees not to join a Labor Union or when a leader of the union forces or threatens an employee to join the Labor Union.

a. implores    b. coerces      c. endorses     d. incites


7. China and the United States are in the position to persuade Sudan and South Sudan to resolve their conflicts through peaceful negotiation. As a result, African and Arab civil society organizations _____ China and the US to help them solve the conflicts.

a. implore     b. rectify     c. subsidize     d. coerce


8. The Songsuradet rebellion, which was an important Thai historical event, was named after Phraya Songsuradet although he did not _____ the rebellion or coup. He indeed became an inspiration to people who already were tired of being oppressed.

a. instigate    b. amend     c. trigger     d. exhort


9. Militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism __________ World War I; however, they say that it was directly prompted by the assassination of the archduke of Austria and his wife by a Bosnian revolutionary.

a. instigated     b.  triggered    c.  implored    d. rectified


10. The Japan-South Korea Friendship Year was designated in 2005. However, the controversy over the Liancourt Rocks became an issue again when Japan's Shimane prefecture declared "Takeshima Day", which _____ mass demonstrations in South Korea.

a. incited     b. instigated     c. rectify     d. exhorted