17：英検対策1級（Eiken Grade 1）
40: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 40
Part 1: Vocabulary words
to display or obtrude oneself to public notice.
■Example: Some women would flaunt their designer bags and shoes, like wearing a price tag on their necks.
□Note: Flaunt can also mean to treat contemptuously.
2. Alleviate verb [uh-lee-vee-yet]
reduce the pain or trouble of (something) : to make (something) less painful, difficult, or severe
■Example: During labor, pregnant women are usually asked if they want an epidural to alleviate the pain.
□Note: What medication do you usually take to alleviate headaches?
3. Allay verb [uh-ley]
to make it less or get rid of it altogether
■Example: I feel so important as a mother because I can allay the fears of my little one just by giving him a tight hug.
□Note: Synonyms for the word are decrease ; lessen ; take away fears
4. Appease verb [uh-peez]
often disapproving : to make (someone) pleased or less angry by giving or saying something desired
■Example: The panel had different opinions they did not appease with their research presentation.
□Note: What do you do to appease your hunger?
5. Defuse verb [dee-fyooz]
to make (something) less serious, difficult, or tense.
■Example: The speaker was quick enough to defuse the argument.
□Note: Defuse can also mean to remove the fuse from (a bomb or other explosive device)
6. Mollify verb [mol-uh-fahy]
to make (someone) less angry : to calm (someone) down
■Example: The police arrived in time to mollify the extremely mad customer who was about to hit the cashier.
□Note: How can you mollify a heated conversation between couples?
7. Placate verb [pley-keyt, plak-eyt]
Placate means to soothe someone who is angry or upset by making concessions.
■Example: Mom was furious at us, so we’re baking her favorite meal; hopefully through this we can placate her.
□Note: origin: the word placate comes from the Latin word placatus, the past participle of placare.
8. Modulate verb [moj-uh-leyt]
to regulate, adjust, or adapt to the proper degree
■Example: Since she has a shrieking voice, it’s best for her to try to modulate it, to make her less irritating to hear.
□Note: to vary the amplitude, frequency, or phase of (a carrier wave or a light wave) for the transmission of information (as by radio); also : to vary the velocity of electrons in an electron beam
9. Intervene verb [in-ter-veen]
to come or occur between two times or events
to become involved in something (such as a conflict) in order to have an influence on what happens
■Example: The police officer needed to intervene to put things back in order in the store.
□Note: In Latin intervenire means to come between, from inter- + venire to come.
10. Curb noun [kurb]
a short border along the edge of a street that is usually made of stone or concrete
■Example: Since the accident, a new curb was built on that road.
□Note: can also mean to control or limit (something)
Part2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
____________1. to regulate, adjust, or adapt to the proper degree
____________2. to make (something) less serious, difficult, or tense.
____________3. a short border along the edge of a street that is usually made of stone or concrete
____________4. to make (someone) less angry : to calm (someone) down
____________5. reduce the pain or trouble of (something) : to make (something) less painful, difficult, or
____________6. to soothe someone who is angry or upset by making concessions
____________7. to display or obtrude oneself to public notice
____________8. to come or occur between two times or events; to become involved in something (such as a conflict) in order to have an influence on what happens
____________9. to make it less or get rid of it altogether
____________10. often disapproving : to make (someone) pleased or less angry by giving or saying something desired
Part2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Kidnapping is a very rampant nowadays; last week another child from a prominent rich family was kidnapped. Days after the kidnapping incident, the child was rescued in an abandoned house. It was weird though because the child was alone, no kidnapper was found on site. Other sources would say that the parents __________ the kidnappers by giving into their demands without informing the authorities.
a. intervened b. appeased c. allayed d. defused
2. Kyro’s parents will be away on a trip this weekend; that’s why he’s throwing a house party, and instead of doing it in their backyard or making it a pool party, it was suggested that he have it in their basement. With this discreet idea it will be easier to ___________ the noise they will create, and of course keep the neighborhood noise free.
a. mollify b. defuse c. modulate d. intervene
3. Usually on late nights during weekends, a less number of vehicles pass through these roads. Most of the adolescents from the neighborhood would come out here to play and enjoy music and food. Some would even sit on the ________ while eating chips and ice cream.
a. alleviate b. defuse c. curb d. intervene
4. In the field of medicine if you delve into the topic about pain killers, you will be surprised with how wide the selection is. Each of them is different from another depending on the administration, age and case of the patient, along with the time interval of administration and a lot more. But whatever it is, it all boils down to one objective and that is to help the patient _________ the pain.
a. curb b. alleviate c. intervene d. mollify
5. Annually the President would give his SONA (State of the Nation Address), which usually gives the nation an overlook of how things are in the country. This year it was proposed that more jobs abroad be offered so as to decrease the unemployment rate; further, more the President divulged promising projects that could combat poverty. These can somehow ______ the doubts, fears, and worries of the citizens.
a. allay b. mollify c. curb d. placate
6. It is a fact that women are less resilient and can get carried away with their emotions very easily, especially during arguments. Men on other hand are lenient, so if you see couples fight you would often see men _________ the arguments.
a. curb b. defuse c. allay d. alleviate
7. I need to not _____________ in a couple’s fight, especially if I know nothing about their conflict; this may only add insult to injury. However, I think a line is drawn, and significant action needs to take place, when things heat up and start getting physical.
a. intervene b. mollify c. defuse d. alleviate
8. Infants are cranky for a lot of reasons, and the difficult part is, you can’t really understand them yet. They cry when they are hungry, sleepy, or uncomfortable. An example of a misunderstood situation is when a grown up gives a hungry baby a pacifier instead of bottled milk, hoping to __________ her.
a. alleviate b. intervene c. placate d. modulate
9. The best thing to do with heated arguments is to make sure to ________ both parties before talking to them. With this method, hopefully you will be able to settle everything with unclouded thoughts, less ill feelings, and better understanding.
a. mollify b. placate c. flaunt d. appease
10. Every individual has something special about them; God gave us all unique gifts to share, to inspire and learn from. So, if you have great talent, you should ________ it, because if you don’t you will never know how much you can inspire other people.
a. appease b. flaunt c. defuse d. alleviate