17：英検対策1級（Eiken Grade 1）
43: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 43
Part 1: Vocabulary words
the bitterness, sharpness, or harshness of manner, speech, disposition, temper, etc.
■Example: The speaker of the event attacked the supervisor with great acrimony.
□Note: Synonyms: bitterness, animosity, spitefulness
2. Affront noun [uh-fruhnt]
personally offensive act or word, usually made in public; an intentional or open insult
■Example: Our society considers that action to be an affront to our basic religious and human rights.
□Note: from the Latin word affrontare, which means to strike against
3. Misgiving noun [mis-giv-ing]
a feeling of mistrust, apprehension, or doubt of someone’s honesty
■Example: Her mother told her to discard any unnecessary misgivings, open her heart and positively respond to someone’s apology.
□Note: The prefix mis- means ill, mistaken, wrong or simply negating.
4. Scruple [skroo-puh l]
a doubt or uneasiness arising from conscience or principle to impede or hinder an action
■Example: The judge said to David Cook, a man who killed his neighbor, “You are a pathological liar, who does not scruple to tell any lie to further your interests."
□Note: In Mathematics, it is a unit of weight equal to 20 grains (1.296 grams).
5. Grievance noun [gree-vuhns]
a real or imaginary wrong which can be a cause or reason for complaint
■Example: The company temporarily stopped manufacturing after a collective grievance was submitted by 257 customers.
□Note: Idioms: Air one’s grievances means to complain publicly.
6. Eulogy noun [yoo-luh-jee]
a speech or writing to praise a person or a thing, especially someone who has died
■Example: She gives a unique eulogy to her friend who died last week at 35.
□Note: Avoid confusion with elegy
7. Flattery noun [flat-uh-ree]
excessive or insincere praise or remark; exaggerated compliment
■Example: A saying says that imitation is the best form of flattery , but there is a fine line between interpretation and an out-and-out copy.
□Note: Proverb: Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery. Copying someone is flattering because it shows one wants to be like that person.
8. Homage noun [hom-ij, om-]
a public acknowledgment for the worth of something done; respect or special honor
■Example: The people of Japan pay homage to the Olympians.
□Note: In a feudal society, homage means the act of respect and allegiance made by a vassal to his lord.
9. Defiance noun [dih-fahy-uhns]
an open or bold resistance to authority; challenging or opposition; intentionally contemptuous behavior or attitude
■Example: The decision of the Daily News newspaper to publish the naked photos of the prince, in defiance of a request from the Palace, brought about a lot of questions and discussions.
□Note: Idiom: in defiance of- In spite of; contrary to
10. Deportation noun [dee-pawr-tey-shuhn, -pohr-]
the expulsion of an undesirable alien from a country
■Example: The man who entered the country illegally had requested deportation so he could see his family again.
□Note: What is the process of deportation in your country?
Part2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
____________________1. personally offensive act or word, usually made in public; an intentional or open insult
____________________2. a public acknowledgment for the worth of something done; respect or special honor
____________________3. a speech or writing to praise a person or a thing, especially someone who has died
____________________4. the expulsion of an undesirable alien from a country
____________________5. a real or imaginary wrong which can be a cause or reason for complaint
____________________6. the bitterness, sharpness, or harshness of manner, speech, disposition, temper, etc.
____________________7. an open or bold resistance to authority; challenging or opposition; intentionally contemptuous behavior or attitude
____________________8. a doubt or uneasiness arising from conscience or principle to impede or hinder an action
____________________9. excessive or insincere praise or remark; exaggerated compliment
____________________10. a feeling of mistrust, apprehension, or doubt of someone’s honesty
Part2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. The North Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of Korea said that the South Korean authorities should get rid of any unnecessary ______________, show and tell their real thoughts and positively respond to the North’s proposal and measure.
a. flattery b. misgivings c. scruples d. deportations
2. It sounds strange but it is true that _____________ still works even when the receiver knows it is insincere or exaggerated, according to a recent study from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.
a. misgiving b. flattery c. acrimony d. eulogy
3. The new senator squared off with the powerful and senior Senate majority leader. It was an unusual public display of political and personal ____________. Many people criticized him for being unprofessional and for being a bad image of the government.
a. misgiving b. flattery c. homage d. acrimony
4. U.N observers say that they have been blocked from entering the village of Mazraat al Qabbeer, which is the location of the apparent massacre of 78 people. According to the statement given by the White House, the killings in Syria together with the refusal to allow UN observers into the area were an _______________ to human dignity and justice.
a. affront b. aardvark c. accord d. acrimony
5. The new program allows young people who were illegally brought by their parents to the U.S.A. to stay in the country, without the fear of ______________________, if they meet all the requirements.
a. deportation b. misgiving c. acrimony d. affront
6. After a wake at the funeral home, his wife will deliver a _______________ tomorrow at the funeral mass, the culmination of an extraordinary relationship between the couple. His parents, siblings and some chosen close friends are also expected to deliver their speeches.
a. flattery b. homage c. grievance d. eulogy
7. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency, Iran has continued its nuclear program in ________________ of the United Nations Security Council’s resolutions. The government of the U.S.A said it will attempt to increase their sanctions against Iran because of its unwillingness to follow with the UN resolutions.
a. affront b. defiance c. acrimony d. flattery
8. Labor leaders say they will stop the strike if the labor and government representatives agree to have a meeting with them to discuss their _________________. Meanwhile, they will continue their three-day strike, which greatly affects the sales and image of the leading sales company.
a. scruple b. deportation c. defiance d. grievances
9. Thousands of people paid ______________ to the Queen who died of old age three days ago. In respectful silence, the people lined the route. The citizens bid their goodbye to the very beloved queen of the country that they regarded as the grandmother of the nation.
a. flattery b. eulogy c. homage d. reward
10. People who can sense false _______________ are those who do not appreciate it. It is not important how often you give compliments because the recipient will begin to doubt your sincerity. Reserve your praise for situations when someone truly amazes you and then your words will mean something to the recipient.
a. eulogy b. flattery c. homage d. insult