17：英検対策1級（Eiken Grade 1）
06: Eiken Grade 1 Vocabularies Lesson 6
Part 1: Vocabulary words
comprehensive; including a great deal or everything that is concerned or everything within its scope
■Example: You got a huge discount on that package tour since it’s already inclusive of hotel accommodation, bus transfer from and to the airport and tickets to different attractions in the city.
□Note: Its opposite is exclusive.
2. exclusive adjective [ik-skloo-siv, -ziv]
not allowing or admitting something else; not causing grief or being a subject for grief or regret, censure, reproach or disapproval shared; belonging to a certain group or individual; limited to a designate object
■Example: Being a part of an affluent family, he enjoys exclusive rights to the use of the different facilities of various industrial buildings.
□Note: The word ‘exclusive’ can also be a noun which means a news report that is broadcasted or reported by one news organization.
3. abject adjective [ab-jekt, ab-jekt]
being of the most miserable, humiliating or wretched kind; despicable
■Example: Sudanese people have been living an abject life because of the Lord’s Resistance Army.
□Note: This word shouldn’t be confused with ‘object’ for they are two totally different words. ‘Object’ means anything that is visible or tangible.
4. deplorable adjective [dih-plawr-uh-buhl]
causing grief or being a subject for grief or regret, censure, reproach or disapproval
■Example: We heard of the deplorable tragedy that struck your country. Please accept our deepest sympathy.
□Note: What are some things that you consider deplorable?
5. abridged adjective [uh-brijd]
reduced length or shortened through rewriting or condensing
■Example: These days, we can usually find the abridged version of the dictionary.
□Note: It comes from the Late Latin word ‘abbreviare’, which means ‘to shorten’.
6. succinct adjective [suhk-singkt]
characterized by concise, clear and precise expression
■Example: It is important that you give a succinct conclusion in your report.
□Note: What are the characteristics of a succinct incident report?
7. adroit adjective [uh-droit]
resourceful, or skillful or quick in thought or reaction, especially under pressing conditions
■Example: He was commended by the President himself for the adroit management of such a turbulent situation.
□Note: The opposite of adroit is clumsy.
8. adept adjective [uh-dept]
highly skilled, proficient or expert in something that requires skill
■Example: He’s totally adept at persuading people to buy the products he’s selling.
□Note: It comes from the Latin word ‘adeptus’, which means ‘having reached or attained’.
9. inept adjective [in-ept, ih-nept]
lacking judgment, sense or skill for a particular task; inappropriate
■Example: All fingers point to the inept leader who appointed him to that position.
□Note: It comes from the Latin word ‘ineptus’, which means unsuitable, improper or tactless.
10. vigorous adjective [vig-er-uhs]
full of energy and vigor; done with force; strong; active
■Example: He’s such a vigorous kid that his energy is contagious.
□Note: Do you consider yourself as a vigorous person?
Part2: Exercise 1
Give the word being asked for each number.
__________ 1. characterized by concise, clear and precise expression
__________ 2. not allowing or admitting something else; not causing grief or being a subject for grief or regret, censure, reproach or disapproval
__________ 3. lacking judgment, sense or skill for a particular task; inappropriate
__________ 4. reduced length or shortened through rewriting or condensing
__________ 5. resourceful, or skillful or quick in thought or reaction, especially under pressing conditions
__________ 6. full of energy and vigor; done with force; strong; active
__________ 7. causing grief or being a subject for grief or regret, censure, reproach or disapproval
__________ 8. comprehensive; including a great deal or everything that is concerned or everything within its scope
__________ 9. highly skilled, proficient or expert in something that requires skill
__________ 10. being of the most miserable, humiliating or wretched kind; despicable
Part2: Exercise 2
Choose the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. It was indeed a disparaging catastrophe, but the worst part of it is that it was brought about by humans. There is no one else to blame but ourselves so let’s just join hands to keep this ____________ incident from happening again.
a. deplorable b. abridged c. inept d. adroit
2. John Bryson, President Obama’s choice for Commerce secretary, is known to be __________ negotiator. He’s famous for his keen and soft-spoken negotiating style that gave America a good diplomatic relationship with countries worldwide.
a. a vigorous b. an exclusive c. an adroit d. an inept
3. Their victory for the very first time after a decade is attributed to each member’s ________ efforts in both offense and defense. Their motivation brought them such passion and energy in achieving such great triumph.
a. abject b. succinct c. vigorous d. deplorable
4. Three authors have been working on the ____________ version of the longest novel ever written. Even though the story is interesting, the original version is not selling well since so long that readers get bored reading it.
a. inclusive b. abridged c. inept d. adroit
5. Re-culturing of the school to reflect __________ beliefs and values, and the enhancement of teachers’ skills and knowledge to better address the different learning needs of the students are some requisites to move towards more all-encompassing schooling in their country.
a. inclusive b. vigorous c. exclusive d. succinct
6. A well written research report should be able to convey all the important facts and information in the most detailed and yet ___________ manner. It’ll be much easier for its reader to understand its content if it’s brief and concise.
a. succinct b. exclusive c. abject d. inclusive
7. Lots of problems arose from his __________ management. The bosses put their faith in him, but obviously his lack of skills on the matter failed their expectations. Hence, the project, which was supposed to be big for the company, failed.
a. vigorous b. abject c. inept d. adept
8. After indirectly insulting the president in the press conference, the news reporter released __________ public apology for his unfiltered statements. However humble the apology may have been, the president did not accept it and he said they would just see each other in court.
a. a deplorable b. an abject c. an exclusive d. a succinct
9. In this field, a combination of being technically __________, create and resourceful are really important. Without these, all efforts would be futile, all resources would be wasted, and all strategies would be useless.
a. abridged b. inept c. vigorous d. adept
10. ___________ right is a de facto, non-tangible privilege existing in law to perform an action or acquire a benefit as well as to allow or deny others the right to perform the same action or to acquire the same benefit.
a. An inclusive b. An adroit c. An exclusive d. An inept